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format_type.c
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1 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
2  *
3  * format_type.c
4  * Display type names "nicely".
5  *
6  *
7  * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2020, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
8  * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
9  *
10  * IDENTIFICATION
11  * src/backend/utils/adt/format_type.c
12  *
13  *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
14  */
15 
16 #include "postgres.h"
17 
18 #include <ctype.h>
19 
20 #include "access/htup_details.h"
21 #include "catalog/namespace.h"
22 #include "catalog/pg_type.h"
23 #include "mb/pg_wchar.h"
24 #include "utils/builtins.h"
25 #include "utils/lsyscache.h"
26 #include "utils/numeric.h"
27 #include "utils/syscache.h"
28 
29 static char *printTypmod(const char *typname, int32 typmod, Oid typmodout);
30 
31 
32 /*
33  * SQL function: format_type(type_oid, typemod)
34  *
35  * `type_oid' is from pg_type.oid, `typemod' is from
36  * pg_attribute.atttypmod. This function will get the type name and
37  * format it and the modifier to canonical SQL format, if the type is
38  * a standard type. Otherwise you just get pg_type.typname back,
39  * double quoted if it contains funny characters or matches a keyword.
40  *
41  * If typemod is NULL then we are formatting a type name in a context where
42  * no typemod is available, eg a function argument or result type. This
43  * yields a slightly different result from specifying typemod = -1 in some
44  * cases. Given typemod = -1 we feel compelled to produce an output that
45  * the parser will interpret as having typemod -1, so that pg_dump will
46  * produce CREATE TABLE commands that recreate the original state. But
47  * given NULL typemod, we assume that the parser's interpretation of
48  * typemod doesn't matter, and so we are willing to output a slightly
49  * "prettier" representation of the same type. For example, type = bpchar
50  * and typemod = NULL gets you "character", whereas typemod = -1 gets you
51  * "bpchar" --- the former will be interpreted as character(1) by the
52  * parser, which does not yield typemod -1.
53  *
54  * XXX encoding a meaning in typemod = NULL is ugly; it'd have been
55  * cleaner to make two functions of one and two arguments respectively.
56  * Not worth changing it now, however.
57  */
58 Datum
60 {
61  Oid type_oid;
62  int32 typemod;
63  char *result;
65 
66  /* Since this function is not strict, we must test for null args */
67  if (PG_ARGISNULL(0))
69 
70  type_oid = PG_GETARG_OID(0);
71 
72  if (PG_ARGISNULL(1))
73  typemod = -1;
74  else
75  {
76  typemod = PG_GETARG_INT32(1);
78  }
79 
80  result = format_type_extended(type_oid, typemod, flags);
81 
83 }
84 
85 /*
86  * format_type_extended
87  * Generate a possibly-qualified type name.
88  *
89  * The default behavior is to only qualify if the type is not in the search
90  * path, to ignore the given typmod, and to raise an error if a non-existent
91  * type_oid is given.
92  *
93  * The following bits in 'flags' modify the behavior:
94  * - FORMAT_TYPE_TYPEMOD_GIVEN
95  * include the typmod in the output (typmod could still be -1 though)
96  * - FORMAT_TYPE_ALLOW_INVALID
97  * if the type OID is invalid or unknown, return ??? or such instead
98  * of failing
99  * - FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID_AS_NULL
100  * if the type OID is invalid or unknown, return NULL instead of ???
101  * or such
102  * - FORMAT_TYPE_FORCE_QUALIFY
103  * always schema-qualify type names, regardless of search_path
104  *
105  * Note that TYPEMOD_GIVEN is not interchangeable with "typemod == -1";
106  * see the comments above for format_type().
107  *
108  * Returns a palloc'd string, or NULL.
109  */
110 char *
111 format_type_extended(Oid type_oid, int32 typemod, bits16 flags)
112 {
113  HeapTuple tuple;
114  Form_pg_type typeform;
115  Oid array_base_type;
116  bool is_array;
117  char *buf;
118  bool with_typemod;
119 
120  if (type_oid == InvalidOid)
121  {
122  if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID_AS_NULL) != 0)
123  return NULL;
124  else if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_ALLOW_INVALID) != 0)
125  return pstrdup("-");
126  }
127 
128  tuple = SearchSysCache1(TYPEOID, ObjectIdGetDatum(type_oid));
129  if (!HeapTupleIsValid(tuple))
130  {
131  if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID_AS_NULL) != 0)
132  return NULL;
133  else if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_ALLOW_INVALID) != 0)
134  return pstrdup("???");
135  else
136  elog(ERROR, "cache lookup failed for type %u", type_oid);
137  }
138  typeform = (Form_pg_type) GETSTRUCT(tuple);
139 
140  /*
141  * Check if it's a regular (variable length) array type. Fixed-length
142  * array types such as "name" shouldn't get deconstructed. As of Postgres
143  * 8.1, rather than checking typlen we check the toast property, and don't
144  * deconstruct "plain storage" array types --- this is because we don't
145  * want to show oidvector as oid[].
146  */
147  array_base_type = typeform->typelem;
148 
149  if (array_base_type != InvalidOid &&
150  typeform->typstorage != TYPSTORAGE_PLAIN)
151  {
152  /* Switch our attention to the array element type */
153  ReleaseSysCache(tuple);
154  tuple = SearchSysCache1(TYPEOID, ObjectIdGetDatum(array_base_type));
155  if (!HeapTupleIsValid(tuple))
156  {
157  if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID_AS_NULL) != 0)
158  return NULL;
159  else if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_ALLOW_INVALID) != 0)
160  return pstrdup("???[]");
161  else
162  elog(ERROR, "cache lookup failed for type %u", type_oid);
163  }
164  typeform = (Form_pg_type) GETSTRUCT(tuple);
165  type_oid = array_base_type;
166  is_array = true;
167  }
168  else
169  is_array = false;
170 
171  with_typemod = (flags & FORMAT_TYPE_TYPEMOD_GIVEN) != 0 && (typemod >= 0);
172 
173  /*
174  * See if we want to special-case the output for certain built-in types.
175  * Note that these special cases should all correspond to special
176  * productions in gram.y, to ensure that the type name will be taken as a
177  * system type, not a user type of the same name.
178  *
179  * If we do not provide a special-case output here, the type name will be
180  * handled the same way as a user type name --- in particular, it will be
181  * double-quoted if it matches any lexer keyword. This behavior is
182  * essential for some cases, such as types "bit" and "char".
183  */
184  buf = NULL; /* flag for no special case */
185 
186  switch (type_oid)
187  {
188  case BITOID:
189  if (with_typemod)
190  buf = printTypmod("bit", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
191  else if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_TYPEMOD_GIVEN) != 0)
192  {
193  /*
194  * bit with typmod -1 is not the same as BIT, which means
195  * BIT(1) per SQL spec. Report it as the quoted typename so
196  * that parser will not assign a bogus typmod.
197  */
198  }
199  else
200  buf = pstrdup("bit");
201  break;
202 
203  case BOOLOID:
204  buf = pstrdup("boolean");
205  break;
206 
207  case BPCHAROID:
208  if (with_typemod)
209  buf = printTypmod("character", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
210  else if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_TYPEMOD_GIVEN) != 0)
211  {
212  /*
213  * bpchar with typmod -1 is not the same as CHARACTER, which
214  * means CHARACTER(1) per SQL spec. Report it as bpchar so
215  * that parser will not assign a bogus typmod.
216  */
217  }
218  else
219  buf = pstrdup("character");
220  break;
221 
222  case FLOAT4OID:
223  buf = pstrdup("real");
224  break;
225 
226  case FLOAT8OID:
227  buf = pstrdup("double precision");
228  break;
229 
230  case INT2OID:
231  buf = pstrdup("smallint");
232  break;
233 
234  case INT4OID:
235  buf = pstrdup("integer");
236  break;
237 
238  case INT8OID:
239  buf = pstrdup("bigint");
240  break;
241 
242  case NUMERICOID:
243  if (with_typemod)
244  buf = printTypmod("numeric", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
245  else
246  buf = pstrdup("numeric");
247  break;
248 
249  case INTERVALOID:
250  if (with_typemod)
251  buf = printTypmod("interval", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
252  else
253  buf = pstrdup("interval");
254  break;
255 
256  case TIMEOID:
257  if (with_typemod)
258  buf = printTypmod("time", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
259  else
260  buf = pstrdup("time without time zone");
261  break;
262 
263  case TIMETZOID:
264  if (with_typemod)
265  buf = printTypmod("time", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
266  else
267  buf = pstrdup("time with time zone");
268  break;
269 
270  case TIMESTAMPOID:
271  if (with_typemod)
272  buf = printTypmod("timestamp", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
273  else
274  buf = pstrdup("timestamp without time zone");
275  break;
276 
277  case TIMESTAMPTZOID:
278  if (with_typemod)
279  buf = printTypmod("timestamp", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
280  else
281  buf = pstrdup("timestamp with time zone");
282  break;
283 
284  case VARBITOID:
285  if (with_typemod)
286  buf = printTypmod("bit varying", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
287  else
288  buf = pstrdup("bit varying");
289  break;
290 
291  case VARCHAROID:
292  if (with_typemod)
293  buf = printTypmod("character varying", typemod, typeform->typmodout);
294  else
295  buf = pstrdup("character varying");
296  break;
297  }
298 
299  if (buf == NULL)
300  {
301  /*
302  * Default handling: report the name as it appears in the catalog.
303  * Here, we must qualify the name if it is not visible in the search
304  * path or if caller requests it; and we must double-quote it if it's
305  * not a standard identifier or if it matches any keyword.
306  */
307  char *nspname;
308  char *typname;
309 
310  if ((flags & FORMAT_TYPE_FORCE_QUALIFY) == 0 &&
311  TypeIsVisible(type_oid))
312  nspname = NULL;
313  else
314  nspname = get_namespace_name_or_temp(typeform->typnamespace);
315 
316  typname = NameStr(typeform->typname);
317 
318  buf = quote_qualified_identifier(nspname, typname);
319 
320  if (with_typemod)
321  buf = printTypmod(buf, typemod, typeform->typmodout);
322  }
323 
324  if (is_array)
325  buf = psprintf("%s[]", buf);
326 
327  ReleaseSysCache(tuple);
328 
329  return buf;
330 }
331 
332 /*
333  * This version is for use within the backend in error messages, etc.
334  * One difference is that it will fail for an invalid type.
335  *
336  * The result is always a palloc'd string.
337  */
338 char *
340 {
341  return format_type_extended(type_oid, -1, 0);
342 }
343 
344 /*
345  * This version returns a name that is always qualified (unless it's one
346  * of the SQL-keyword type names, such as TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE).
347  */
348 char *
350 {
351  return format_type_extended(type_oid, -1, FORMAT_TYPE_FORCE_QUALIFY);
352 }
353 
354 /*
355  * This version allows a nondefault typemod to be specified.
356  */
357 char *
359 {
360  return format_type_extended(type_oid, typemod, FORMAT_TYPE_TYPEMOD_GIVEN);
361 }
362 
363 /*
364  * Add typmod decoration to the basic type name
365  */
366 static char *
367 printTypmod(const char *typname, int32 typmod, Oid typmodout)
368 {
369  char *res;
370 
371  /* Shouldn't be called if typmod is -1 */
372  Assert(typmod >= 0);
373 
374  if (typmodout == InvalidOid)
375  {
376  /* Default behavior: just print the integer typmod with parens */
377  res = psprintf("%s(%d)", typname, (int) typmod);
378  }
379  else
380  {
381  /* Use the type-specific typmodout procedure */
382  char *tmstr;
383 
384  tmstr = DatumGetCString(OidFunctionCall1(typmodout,
385  Int32GetDatum(typmod)));
386  res = psprintf("%s%s", typname, tmstr);
387  }
388 
389  return res;
390 }
391 
392 
393 /*
394  * type_maximum_size --- determine maximum width of a variable-width column
395  *
396  * If the max width is indeterminate, return -1. In particular, we return
397  * -1 for any type not known to this routine. We assume the caller has
398  * already determined that the type is a variable-width type, so it's not
399  * necessary to look up the type's pg_type tuple here.
400  *
401  * This may appear unrelated to format_type(), but in fact the two routines
402  * share knowledge of the encoding of typmod for different types, so it's
403  * convenient to keep them together. (XXX now that most of this knowledge
404  * has been pushed out of format_type into the typmodout functions, it's
405  * interesting to wonder if it's worth trying to factor this code too...)
406  */
407 int32
408 type_maximum_size(Oid type_oid, int32 typemod)
409 {
410  if (typemod < 0)
411  return -1;
412 
413  switch (type_oid)
414  {
415  case BPCHAROID:
416  case VARCHAROID:
417  /* typemod includes varlena header */
418 
419  /* typemod is in characters not bytes */
420  return (typemod - VARHDRSZ) *
422  + VARHDRSZ;
423 
424  case NUMERICOID:
425  return numeric_maximum_size(typemod);
426 
427  case VARBITOID:
428  case BITOID:
429  /* typemod is the (max) number of bits */
430  return (typemod + (BITS_PER_BYTE - 1)) / BITS_PER_BYTE
431  + 2 * sizeof(int32);
432  }
433 
434  /* Unknown type, or unlimited-width type such as 'text' */
435  return -1;
436 }
437 
438 
439 /*
440  * oidvectortypes - converts a vector of type OIDs to "typname" list
441  */
442 Datum
444 {
445  oidvector *oidArray = (oidvector *) PG_GETARG_POINTER(0);
446  char *result;
447  int numargs = oidArray->dim1;
448  int num;
449  size_t total;
450  size_t left;
451 
452  total = 20 * numargs + 1;
453  result = palloc(total);
454  result[0] = '\0';
455  left = total - 1;
456 
457  for (num = 0; num < numargs; num++)
458  {
459  char *typename = format_type_extended(oidArray->values[num], -1,
461  size_t slen = strlen(typename);
462 
463  if (left < (slen + 2))
464  {
465  total += slen + 2;
466  result = repalloc(result, total);
467  left += slen + 2;
468  }
469 
470  if (num > 0)
471  {
472  strcat(result, ", ");
473  left -= 2;
474  }
475  strcat(result, typename);
476  left -= slen;
477  }
478 
480 }
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