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describe.c
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1 /*
2  * psql - the PostgreSQL interactive terminal
3  *
4  * Support for the various \d ("describe") commands. Note that the current
5  * expectation is that all functions in this file will succeed when working
6  * with servers of versions 7.4 and up. It's okay to omit irrelevant
7  * information for an old server, but not to fail outright.
8  *
9  * Copyright (c) 2000-2017, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
10  *
11  * src/bin/psql/describe.c
12  */
13 #include "postgres_fe.h"
14 
15 #include <ctype.h>
16 
17 #include "catalog/pg_attribute.h"
18 #include "catalog/pg_class.h"
19 #include "catalog/pg_default_acl.h"
20 #include "fe_utils/string_utils.h"
21 
22 #include "common.h"
23 #include "describe.h"
24 #include "fe_utils/mbprint.h"
25 #include "fe_utils/print.h"
26 #include "settings.h"
27 #include "variables.h"
28 
29 
30 static bool describeOneTableDetails(const char *schemaname,
31  const char *relationname,
32  const char *oid,
33  bool verbose);
34 static void add_tablespace_footer(printTableContent *const cont, char relkind,
35  Oid tablespace, const bool newline);
36 static void add_role_attribute(PQExpBuffer buf, const char *const str);
37 static bool listTSParsersVerbose(const char *pattern);
38 static bool describeOneTSParser(const char *oid, const char *nspname,
39  const char *prsname);
40 static bool listTSConfigsVerbose(const char *pattern);
41 static bool describeOneTSConfig(const char *oid, const char *nspname,
42  const char *cfgname,
43  const char *pnspname, const char *prsname);
44 static void printACLColumn(PQExpBuffer buf, const char *colname);
45 static bool listOneExtensionContents(const char *extname, const char *oid);
46 
47 
48 /*----------------
49  * Handlers for various slash commands displaying some sort of list
50  * of things in the database.
51  *
52  * Note: try to format the queries to look nice in -E output.
53  *----------------
54  */
55 
56 
57 /* \da
58  * Takes an optional regexp to select particular aggregates
59  */
60 bool
61 describeAggregates(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
62 {
64  PGresult *res;
65  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
66 
67  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
68 
69  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
70  "SELECT n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
71  " p.proname AS \"%s\",\n"
72  " pg_catalog.format_type(p.prorettype, NULL) AS \"%s\",\n",
73  gettext_noop("Schema"),
74  gettext_noop("Name"),
75  gettext_noop("Result data type"));
76 
77  if (pset.sversion >= 80400)
78  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
79  " CASE WHEN p.pronargs = 0\n"
80  " THEN CAST('*' AS pg_catalog.text)\n"
81  " ELSE pg_catalog.pg_get_function_arguments(p.oid)\n"
82  " END AS \"%s\",\n",
83  gettext_noop("Argument data types"));
84  else if (pset.sversion >= 80200)
85  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
86  " CASE WHEN p.pronargs = 0\n"
87  " THEN CAST('*' AS pg_catalog.text)\n"
88  " ELSE\n"
89  " pg_catalog.array_to_string(ARRAY(\n"
90  " SELECT\n"
91  " pg_catalog.format_type(p.proargtypes[s.i], NULL)\n"
92  " FROM\n"
93  " pg_catalog.generate_series(0, pg_catalog.array_upper(p.proargtypes, 1)) AS s(i)\n"
94  " ), ', ')\n"
95  " END AS \"%s\",\n",
96  gettext_noop("Argument data types"));
97  else
98  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
99  " pg_catalog.format_type(p.proargtypes[0], NULL) AS \"%s\",\n",
100  gettext_noop("Argument data types"));
101 
102  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
103  " pg_catalog.obj_description(p.oid, 'pg_proc') as \"%s\"\n"
104  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_proc p\n"
105  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = p.pronamespace\n"
106  "WHERE p.proisagg\n",
107  gettext_noop("Description"));
108 
109  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
110  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
111  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
112 
113  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
114  "n.nspname", "p.proname", NULL,
115  "pg_catalog.pg_function_is_visible(p.oid)");
116 
117  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2, 4;");
118 
119  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
120  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
121  if (!res)
122  return false;
123 
124  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
125  myopt.title = _("List of aggregate functions");
126  myopt.translate_header = true;
127 
128  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
129 
130  PQclear(res);
131  return true;
132 }
133 
134 /* \dA
135  * Takes an optional regexp to select particular access methods
136  */
137 bool
138 describeAccessMethods(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
139 {
141  PGresult *res;
142  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
143  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, true, false, false};
144 
145  if (pset.sversion < 90600)
146  {
147  char sverbuf[32];
148 
149  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support access methods.\n",
151  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
152  return true;
153  }
154 
155  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
156 
157  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
158  "SELECT amname AS \"%s\",\n"
159  " CASE amtype"
160  " WHEN 'i' THEN '%s'"
161  " END AS \"%s\"",
162  gettext_noop("Name"),
163  gettext_noop("Index"),
164  gettext_noop("Type"));
165 
166  if (verbose)
167  {
168  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
169  ",\n amhandler AS \"%s\",\n"
170  " pg_catalog.obj_description(oid, 'pg_am') AS \"%s\"",
171  gettext_noop("Handler"),
172  gettext_noop("Description"));
173  }
174 
176  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_am\n");
177 
178  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
179  NULL, "amname", NULL,
180  NULL);
181 
182  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
183 
184  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
185  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
186  if (!res)
187  return false;
188 
189  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
190  myopt.title = _("List of access methods");
191  myopt.translate_header = true;
192  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
193  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
194 
195  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
196 
197  PQclear(res);
198  return true;
199 }
200 
201 /* \db
202  * Takes an optional regexp to select particular tablespaces
203  */
204 bool
205 describeTablespaces(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
206 {
208  PGresult *res;
209  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
210 
211  if (pset.sversion < 80000)
212  {
213  char sverbuf[32];
214 
215  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support tablespaces.\n",
217  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
218  return true;
219  }
220 
221  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
222 
223  if (pset.sversion >= 90200)
224  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
225  "SELECT spcname AS \"%s\",\n"
226  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(spcowner) AS \"%s\",\n"
227  " pg_catalog.pg_tablespace_location(oid) AS \"%s\"",
228  gettext_noop("Name"),
229  gettext_noop("Owner"),
230  gettext_noop("Location"));
231  else
232  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
233  "SELECT spcname AS \"%s\",\n"
234  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(spcowner) AS \"%s\",\n"
235  " spclocation AS \"%s\"",
236  gettext_noop("Name"),
237  gettext_noop("Owner"),
238  gettext_noop("Location"));
239 
240  if (verbose)
241  {
242  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n ");
243  printACLColumn(&buf, "spcacl");
244  }
245 
246  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 90000)
247  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
248  ",\n spcoptions AS \"%s\"",
249  gettext_noop("Options"));
250 
251  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 90200)
252  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
253  ",\n pg_catalog.pg_size_pretty(pg_catalog.pg_tablespace_size(oid)) AS \"%s\"",
254  gettext_noop("Size"));
255 
256  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80200)
257  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
258  ",\n pg_catalog.shobj_description(oid, 'pg_tablespace') AS \"%s\"",
259  gettext_noop("Description"));
260 
262  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_tablespace\n");
263 
264  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
265  NULL, "spcname", NULL,
266  NULL);
267 
268  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
269 
270  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
271  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
272  if (!res)
273  return false;
274 
275  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
276  myopt.title = _("List of tablespaces");
277  myopt.translate_header = true;
278 
279  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
280 
281  PQclear(res);
282  return true;
283 }
284 
285 
286 /* \df
287  * Takes an optional regexp to select particular functions.
288  *
289  * As with \d, you can specify the kinds of functions you want:
290  *
291  * a for aggregates
292  * n for normal
293  * t for trigger
294  * w for window
295  *
296  * and you can mix and match these in any order.
297  */
298 bool
299 describeFunctions(const char *functypes, const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
300 {
301  bool showAggregate = strchr(functypes, 'a') != NULL;
302  bool showNormal = strchr(functypes, 'n') != NULL;
303  bool showTrigger = strchr(functypes, 't') != NULL;
304  bool showWindow = strchr(functypes, 'w') != NULL;
305  bool have_where;
307  PGresult *res;
308  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
309  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, false, false, true, true, true, false, true, false, false, false, false};
310 
311  /* No "Parallel" column before 9.6 */
312  static const bool translate_columns_pre_96[] = {false, false, false, false, true, true, false, true, false, false, false, false};
313 
314  if (strlen(functypes) != strspn(functypes, "antwS+"))
315  {
316  psql_error("\\df only takes [antwS+] as options\n");
317  return true;
318  }
319 
320  if (showWindow && pset.sversion < 80400)
321  {
322  char sverbuf[32];
323 
324  psql_error("\\df does not take a \"w\" option with server version %s\n",
326  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
327  return true;
328  }
329 
330  if (!showAggregate && !showNormal && !showTrigger && !showWindow)
331  {
332  showAggregate = showNormal = showTrigger = true;
333  if (pset.sversion >= 80400)
334  showWindow = true;
335  }
336 
337  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
338 
339  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
340  "SELECT n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
341  " p.proname as \"%s\",\n",
342  gettext_noop("Schema"),
343  gettext_noop("Name"));
344 
345  if (pset.sversion >= 80400)
346  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
347  " pg_catalog.pg_get_function_result(p.oid) as \"%s\",\n"
348  " pg_catalog.pg_get_function_arguments(p.oid) as \"%s\",\n"
349  " CASE\n"
350  " WHEN p.proisagg THEN '%s'\n"
351  " WHEN p.proiswindow THEN '%s'\n"
352  " WHEN p.prorettype = 'pg_catalog.trigger'::pg_catalog.regtype THEN '%s'\n"
353  " ELSE '%s'\n"
354  " END as \"%s\"",
355  gettext_noop("Result data type"),
356  gettext_noop("Argument data types"),
357  /* translator: "agg" is short for "aggregate" */
358  gettext_noop("agg"),
359  gettext_noop("window"),
360  gettext_noop("trigger"),
361  gettext_noop("normal"),
362  gettext_noop("Type"));
363  else if (pset.sversion >= 80100)
364  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
365  " CASE WHEN p.proretset THEN 'SETOF ' ELSE '' END ||\n"
366  " pg_catalog.format_type(p.prorettype, NULL) as \"%s\",\n"
367  " CASE WHEN proallargtypes IS NOT NULL THEN\n"
368  " pg_catalog.array_to_string(ARRAY(\n"
369  " SELECT\n"
370  " CASE\n"
371  " WHEN p.proargmodes[s.i] = 'i' THEN ''\n"
372  " WHEN p.proargmodes[s.i] = 'o' THEN 'OUT '\n"
373  " WHEN p.proargmodes[s.i] = 'b' THEN 'INOUT '\n"
374  " WHEN p.proargmodes[s.i] = 'v' THEN 'VARIADIC '\n"
375  " END ||\n"
376  " CASE\n"
377  " WHEN COALESCE(p.proargnames[s.i], '') = '' THEN ''\n"
378  " ELSE p.proargnames[s.i] || ' '\n"
379  " END ||\n"
380  " pg_catalog.format_type(p.proallargtypes[s.i], NULL)\n"
381  " FROM\n"
382  " pg_catalog.generate_series(1, pg_catalog.array_upper(p.proallargtypes, 1)) AS s(i)\n"
383  " ), ', ')\n"
384  " ELSE\n"
385  " pg_catalog.array_to_string(ARRAY(\n"
386  " SELECT\n"
387  " CASE\n"
388  " WHEN COALESCE(p.proargnames[s.i+1], '') = '' THEN ''\n"
389  " ELSE p.proargnames[s.i+1] || ' '\n"
390  " END ||\n"
391  " pg_catalog.format_type(p.proargtypes[s.i], NULL)\n"
392  " FROM\n"
393  " pg_catalog.generate_series(0, pg_catalog.array_upper(p.proargtypes, 1)) AS s(i)\n"
394  " ), ', ')\n"
395  " END AS \"%s\",\n"
396  " CASE\n"
397  " WHEN p.proisagg THEN '%s'\n"
398  " WHEN p.prorettype = 'pg_catalog.trigger'::pg_catalog.regtype THEN '%s'\n"
399  " ELSE '%s'\n"
400  " END AS \"%s\"",
401  gettext_noop("Result data type"),
402  gettext_noop("Argument data types"),
403  /* translator: "agg" is short for "aggregate" */
404  gettext_noop("agg"),
405  gettext_noop("trigger"),
406  gettext_noop("normal"),
407  gettext_noop("Type"));
408  else
409  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
410  " CASE WHEN p.proretset THEN 'SETOF ' ELSE '' END ||\n"
411  " pg_catalog.format_type(p.prorettype, NULL) as \"%s\",\n"
412  " pg_catalog.oidvectortypes(p.proargtypes) as \"%s\",\n"
413  " CASE\n"
414  " WHEN p.proisagg THEN '%s'\n"
415  " WHEN p.prorettype = 'pg_catalog.trigger'::pg_catalog.regtype THEN '%s'\n"
416  " ELSE '%s'\n"
417  " END AS \"%s\"",
418  gettext_noop("Result data type"),
419  gettext_noop("Argument data types"),
420  /* translator: "agg" is short for "aggregate" */
421  gettext_noop("agg"),
422  gettext_noop("trigger"),
423  gettext_noop("normal"),
424  gettext_noop("Type"));
425 
426  if (verbose)
427  {
428  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
429  ",\n CASE\n"
430  " WHEN p.provolatile = 'i' THEN '%s'\n"
431  " WHEN p.provolatile = 's' THEN '%s'\n"
432  " WHEN p.provolatile = 'v' THEN '%s'\n"
433  " END as \"%s\"",
434  gettext_noop("immutable"),
435  gettext_noop("stable"),
436  gettext_noop("volatile"),
437  gettext_noop("Volatility"));
438  if (pset.sversion >= 90600)
439  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
440  ",\n CASE\n"
441  " WHEN p.proparallel = 'r' THEN '%s'\n"
442  " WHEN p.proparallel = 's' THEN '%s'\n"
443  " WHEN p.proparallel = 'u' THEN '%s'\n"
444  " END as \"%s\"",
445  gettext_noop("restricted"),
446  gettext_noop("safe"),
447  gettext_noop("unsafe"),
448  gettext_noop("Parallel"));
449  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
450  ",\n pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(p.proowner) as \"%s\""
451  ",\n CASE WHEN prosecdef THEN '%s' ELSE '%s' END AS \"%s\"",
452  gettext_noop("Owner"),
453  gettext_noop("definer"),
454  gettext_noop("invoker"),
455  gettext_noop("Security"));
456  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n ");
457  printACLColumn(&buf, "p.proacl");
458  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
459  ",\n l.lanname as \"%s\""
460  ",\n p.prosrc as \"%s\""
461  ",\n pg_catalog.obj_description(p.oid, 'pg_proc') as \"%s\"",
462  gettext_noop("Language"),
463  gettext_noop("Source code"),
464  gettext_noop("Description"));
465  }
466 
468  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_proc p"
469  "\n LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = p.pronamespace\n");
470 
471  if (verbose)
473  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_language l ON l.oid = p.prolang\n");
474 
475  have_where = false;
476 
477  /* filter by function type, if requested */
478  if (showNormal && showAggregate && showTrigger && showWindow)
479  /* Do nothing */ ;
480  else if (showNormal)
481  {
482  if (!showAggregate)
483  {
484  if (have_where)
485  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND ");
486  else
487  {
488  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE ");
489  have_where = true;
490  }
491  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "NOT p.proisagg\n");
492  }
493  if (!showTrigger)
494  {
495  if (have_where)
496  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND ");
497  else
498  {
499  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE ");
500  have_where = true;
501  }
502  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "p.prorettype <> 'pg_catalog.trigger'::pg_catalog.regtype\n");
503  }
504  if (!showWindow && pset.sversion >= 80400)
505  {
506  if (have_where)
507  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND ");
508  else
509  {
510  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE ");
511  have_where = true;
512  }
513  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "NOT p.proiswindow\n");
514  }
515  }
516  else
517  {
518  bool needs_or = false;
519 
520  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE (\n ");
521  have_where = true;
522  /* Note: at least one of these must be true ... */
523  if (showAggregate)
524  {
525  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "p.proisagg\n");
526  needs_or = true;
527  }
528  if (showTrigger)
529  {
530  if (needs_or)
531  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " OR ");
533  "p.prorettype = 'pg_catalog.trigger'::pg_catalog.regtype\n");
534  needs_or = true;
535  }
536  if (showWindow)
537  {
538  if (needs_or)
539  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " OR ");
540  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "p.proiswindow\n");
541  needs_or = true;
542  }
543  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " )\n");
544  }
545 
546  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, have_where, false,
547  "n.nspname", "p.proname", NULL,
548  "pg_catalog.pg_function_is_visible(p.oid)");
549 
550  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
551  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
552  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
553 
554  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2, 4;");
555 
556  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
557  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
558  if (!res)
559  return false;
560 
561  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
562  myopt.title = _("List of functions");
563  myopt.translate_header = true;
564  if (pset.sversion >= 90600)
565  {
566  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
567  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
568  }
569  else
570  {
571  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns_pre_96;
572  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns_pre_96);
573  }
574 
575  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
576 
577  PQclear(res);
578  return true;
579 }
580 
581 
582 
583 /*
584  * \dT
585  * describe types
586  */
587 bool
588 describeTypes(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
589 {
591  PGresult *res;
592  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
593 
594  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
595 
596  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
597  "SELECT n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
598  " pg_catalog.format_type(t.oid, NULL) AS \"%s\",\n",
599  gettext_noop("Schema"),
600  gettext_noop("Name"));
601  if (verbose)
602  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
603  " t.typname AS \"%s\",\n"
604  " CASE WHEN t.typrelid != 0\n"
605  " THEN CAST('tuple' AS pg_catalog.text)\n"
606  " WHEN t.typlen < 0\n"
607  " THEN CAST('var' AS pg_catalog.text)\n"
608  " ELSE CAST(t.typlen AS pg_catalog.text)\n"
609  " END AS \"%s\",\n",
610  gettext_noop("Internal name"),
611  gettext_noop("Size"));
612  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80300)
613  {
615  " pg_catalog.array_to_string(\n"
616  " ARRAY(\n"
617  " SELECT e.enumlabel\n"
618  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_enum e\n"
619  " WHERE e.enumtypid = t.oid\n");
620 
621  if (pset.sversion >= 90100)
623  " ORDER BY e.enumsortorder\n");
624  else
626  " ORDER BY e.oid\n");
627 
628  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
629  " ),\n"
630  " E'\\n'\n"
631  " ) AS \"%s\",\n",
632  gettext_noop("Elements"));
633  }
634  if (verbose)
635  {
636  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
637  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(t.typowner) AS \"%s\",\n",
638  gettext_noop("Owner"));
639  }
640  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 90200)
641  {
642  printACLColumn(&buf, "t.typacl");
643  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n ");
644  }
645 
646  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
647  " pg_catalog.obj_description(t.oid, 'pg_type') as \"%s\"\n",
648  gettext_noop("Description"));
649 
650  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "FROM pg_catalog.pg_type t\n"
651  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = t.typnamespace\n");
652 
653  /*
654  * do not include complex types (typrelid!=0) unless they are standalone
655  * composite types
656  */
657  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE (t.typrelid = 0 ");
658  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "OR (SELECT c.relkind = " CppAsString2(RELKIND_COMPOSITE_TYPE)
659  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c "
660  "WHERE c.oid = t.typrelid))\n");
661 
662  /*
663  * do not include array types (before 8.3 we have to use the assumption
664  * that their names start with underscore)
665  */
666  if (pset.sversion >= 80300)
667  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND NOT EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM pg_catalog.pg_type el WHERE el.oid = t.typelem AND el.typarray = t.oid)\n");
668  else
669  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND t.typname !~ '^_'\n");
670 
671  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
672  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
673  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
674 
675  /* Match name pattern against either internal or external name */
676  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
677  "n.nspname", "t.typname",
678  "pg_catalog.format_type(t.oid, NULL)",
679  "pg_catalog.pg_type_is_visible(t.oid)");
680 
681  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
682 
683  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
684  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
685  if (!res)
686  return false;
687 
688  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
689  myopt.title = _("List of data types");
690  myopt.translate_header = true;
691 
692  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
693 
694  PQclear(res);
695  return true;
696 }
697 
698 
699 /* \do
700  * Describe operators
701  */
702 bool
703 describeOperators(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
704 {
706  PGresult *res;
707  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
708 
709  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
710 
711  /*
712  * Note: before Postgres 9.1, we did not assign comments to any built-in
713  * operators, preferring to let the comment on the underlying function
714  * suffice. The coalesce() on the obj_description() calls below supports
715  * this convention by providing a fallback lookup of a comment on the
716  * operator's function. As of 9.1 there is a policy that every built-in
717  * operator should have a comment; so the coalesce() is no longer
718  * necessary so far as built-in operators are concerned. We keep it
719  * anyway, for now, because (1) third-party modules may still be following
720  * the old convention, and (2) we'd need to do it anyway when talking to a
721  * pre-9.1 server.
722  */
723 
724  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
725  "SELECT n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
726  " o.oprname AS \"%s\",\n"
727  " CASE WHEN o.oprkind='l' THEN NULL ELSE pg_catalog.format_type(o.oprleft, NULL) END AS \"%s\",\n"
728  " CASE WHEN o.oprkind='r' THEN NULL ELSE pg_catalog.format_type(o.oprright, NULL) END AS \"%s\",\n"
729  " pg_catalog.format_type(o.oprresult, NULL) AS \"%s\",\n",
730  gettext_noop("Schema"),
731  gettext_noop("Name"),
732  gettext_noop("Left arg type"),
733  gettext_noop("Right arg type"),
734  gettext_noop("Result type"));
735 
736  if (verbose)
737  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
738  " o.oprcode AS \"%s\",\n",
739  gettext_noop("Function"));
740 
741  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
742  " coalesce(pg_catalog.obj_description(o.oid, 'pg_operator'),\n"
743  " pg_catalog.obj_description(o.oprcode, 'pg_proc')) AS \"%s\"\n"
744  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_operator o\n"
745  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = o.oprnamespace\n",
746  gettext_noop("Description"));
747 
748  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
749  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
750  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
751 
752  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, !showSystem && !pattern, true,
753  "n.nspname", "o.oprname", NULL,
754  "pg_catalog.pg_operator_is_visible(o.oid)");
755 
756  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2, 3, 4;");
757 
758  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
759  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
760  if (!res)
761  return false;
762 
763  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
764  myopt.title = _("List of operators");
765  myopt.translate_header = true;
766 
767  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
768 
769  PQclear(res);
770  return true;
771 }
772 
773 
774 /*
775  * listAllDbs
776  *
777  * for \l, \list, and -l switch
778  */
779 bool
780 listAllDbs(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
781 {
782  PGresult *res;
784  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
785 
786  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
787 
788  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
789  "SELECT d.datname as \"%s\",\n"
790  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(d.datdba) as \"%s\",\n"
791  " pg_catalog.pg_encoding_to_char(d.encoding) as \"%s\",\n",
792  gettext_noop("Name"),
793  gettext_noop("Owner"),
794  gettext_noop("Encoding"));
795  if (pset.sversion >= 80400)
796  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
797  " d.datcollate as \"%s\",\n"
798  " d.datctype as \"%s\",\n",
799  gettext_noop("Collate"),
800  gettext_noop("Ctype"));
801  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " ");
802  printACLColumn(&buf, "d.datacl");
803  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80200)
804  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
805  ",\n CASE WHEN pg_catalog.has_database_privilege(d.datname, 'CONNECT')\n"
806  " THEN pg_catalog.pg_size_pretty(pg_catalog.pg_database_size(d.datname))\n"
807  " ELSE 'No Access'\n"
808  " END as \"%s\"",
809  gettext_noop("Size"));
810  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80000)
811  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
812  ",\n t.spcname as \"%s\"",
813  gettext_noop("Tablespace"));
814  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80200)
815  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
816  ",\n pg_catalog.shobj_description(d.oid, 'pg_database') as \"%s\"",
817  gettext_noop("Description"));
819  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_database d\n");
820  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80000)
822  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_tablespace t on d.dattablespace = t.oid\n");
823 
824  if (pattern)
825  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
826  NULL, "d.datname", NULL, NULL);
827 
828  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
829  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
830  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
831  if (!res)
832  return false;
833 
834  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
835  myopt.title = _("List of databases");
836  myopt.translate_header = true;
837 
838  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
839 
840  PQclear(res);
841  return true;
842 }
843 
844 
845 /*
846  * List Tables' Grant/Revoke Permissions
847  * \z (now also \dp -- perhaps more mnemonic)
848  */
849 bool
850 permissionsList(const char *pattern)
851 {
853  PGresult *res;
854  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
855  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, true, false, false, false};
856 
857  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
858 
859  /*
860  * we ignore indexes and toast tables since they have no meaningful rights
861  */
862  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
863  "SELECT n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
864  " c.relname as \"%s\",\n"
865  " CASE c.relkind"
866  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_RELATION) " THEN '%s'"
867  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_VIEW) " THEN '%s'"
868  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_MATVIEW) " THEN '%s'"
869  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_SEQUENCE) " THEN '%s'"
870  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE) " THEN '%s'"
871  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE) " THEN '%s'"
872  " END as \"%s\",\n"
873  " ",
874  gettext_noop("Schema"),
875  gettext_noop("Name"),
876  gettext_noop("table"),
877  gettext_noop("view"),
878  gettext_noop("materialized view"),
879  gettext_noop("sequence"),
880  gettext_noop("foreign table"),
881  gettext_noop("table"), /* partitioned table */
882  gettext_noop("Type"));
883 
884  printACLColumn(&buf, "c.relacl");
885 
886  if (pset.sversion >= 80400)
887  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
888  ",\n pg_catalog.array_to_string(ARRAY(\n"
889  " SELECT attname || E':\\n ' || pg_catalog.array_to_string(attacl, E'\\n ')\n"
890  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_attribute a\n"
891  " WHERE attrelid = c.oid AND NOT attisdropped AND attacl IS NOT NULL\n"
892  " ), E'\\n') AS \"%s\"",
893  gettext_noop("Column privileges"));
894 
895  if (pset.sversion >= 90500 && pset.sversion < 100000)
896  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
897  ",\n pg_catalog.array_to_string(ARRAY(\n"
898  " SELECT polname\n"
899  " || CASE WHEN polcmd != '*' THEN\n"
900  " E' (' || polcmd || E'):'\n"
901  " ELSE E':'\n"
902  " END\n"
903  " || CASE WHEN polqual IS NOT NULL THEN\n"
904  " E'\\n (u): ' || pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(polqual, polrelid)\n"
905  " ELSE E''\n"
906  " END\n"
907  " || CASE WHEN polwithcheck IS NOT NULL THEN\n"
908  " E'\\n (c): ' || pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(polwithcheck, polrelid)\n"
909  " ELSE E''\n"
910  " END"
911  " || CASE WHEN polroles <> '{0}' THEN\n"
912  " E'\\n to: ' || pg_catalog.array_to_string(\n"
913  " ARRAY(\n"
914  " SELECT rolname\n"
915  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_roles\n"
916  " WHERE oid = ANY (polroles)\n"
917  " ORDER BY 1\n"
918  " ), E', ')\n"
919  " ELSE E''\n"
920  " END\n"
921  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_policy pol\n"
922  " WHERE polrelid = c.oid), E'\\n')\n"
923  " AS \"%s\"",
924  gettext_noop("Policies"));
925 
926  if (pset.sversion >= 100000)
927  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
928  ",\n pg_catalog.array_to_string(ARRAY(\n"
929  " SELECT polname\n"
930  " || CASE WHEN NOT polpermissive THEN\n"
931  " E' (RESTRICTIVE)'\n"
932  " ELSE '' END\n"
933  " || CASE WHEN polcmd != '*' THEN\n"
934  " E' (' || polcmd || E'):'\n"
935  " ELSE E':'\n"
936  " END\n"
937  " || CASE WHEN polqual IS NOT NULL THEN\n"
938  " E'\\n (u): ' || pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(polqual, polrelid)\n"
939  " ELSE E''\n"
940  " END\n"
941  " || CASE WHEN polwithcheck IS NOT NULL THEN\n"
942  " E'\\n (c): ' || pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(polwithcheck, polrelid)\n"
943  " ELSE E''\n"
944  " END"
945  " || CASE WHEN polroles <> '{0}' THEN\n"
946  " E'\\n to: ' || pg_catalog.array_to_string(\n"
947  " ARRAY(\n"
948  " SELECT rolname\n"
949  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_roles\n"
950  " WHERE oid = ANY (polroles)\n"
951  " ORDER BY 1\n"
952  " ), E', ')\n"
953  " ELSE E''\n"
954  " END\n"
955  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_policy pol\n"
956  " WHERE polrelid = c.oid), E'\\n')\n"
957  " AS \"%s\"",
958  gettext_noop("Policies"));
959 
960  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n"
961  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.relnamespace\n"
962  "WHERE c.relkind IN ("
969 
970  /*
971  * Unless a schema pattern is specified, we suppress system and temp
972  * tables, since they normally aren't very interesting from a permissions
973  * point of view. You can see 'em by explicit request though, eg with \z
974  * pg_catalog.*
975  */
976  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
977  "n.nspname", "c.relname", NULL,
978  "n.nspname !~ '^pg_' AND pg_catalog.pg_table_is_visible(c.oid)");
979 
980  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
981 
982  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
983  if (!res)
984  {
985  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
986  return false;
987  }
988 
989  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
990  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Access privileges"));
991  myopt.title = buf.data;
992  myopt.translate_header = true;
993  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
994  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
995 
996  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
997 
998  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
999  PQclear(res);
1000  return true;
1001 }
1002 
1003 
1004 /*
1005  * \ddp
1006  *
1007  * List Default ACLs. The pattern can match either schema or role name.
1008  */
1009 bool
1010 listDefaultACLs(const char *pattern)
1011 {
1013  PGresult *res;
1014  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
1015  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, true, false};
1016 
1017  if (pset.sversion < 90000)
1018  {
1019  char sverbuf[32];
1020 
1021  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support altering default privileges.\n",
1023  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
1024  return true;
1025  }
1026 
1027  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
1028 
1029  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1030  "SELECT pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(d.defaclrole) AS \"%s\",\n"
1031  " n.nspname AS \"%s\",\n"
1032  " CASE d.defaclobjtype WHEN '%c' THEN '%s' WHEN '%c' THEN '%s' WHEN '%c' THEN '%s' WHEN '%c' THEN '%s' WHEN '%c' THEN '%s' END AS \"%s\",\n"
1033  " ",
1034  gettext_noop("Owner"),
1035  gettext_noop("Schema"),
1037  gettext_noop("table"),
1039  gettext_noop("sequence"),
1041  gettext_noop("function"),
1043  gettext_noop("type"),
1045  gettext_noop("schema"),
1046  gettext_noop("Type"));
1047 
1048  printACLColumn(&buf, "d.defaclacl");
1049 
1050  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_default_acl d\n"
1051  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = d.defaclnamespace\n");
1052 
1053  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
1054  NULL,
1055  "n.nspname",
1056  "pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(d.defaclrole)",
1057  NULL);
1058 
1059  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2, 3;");
1060 
1061  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1062  if (!res)
1063  {
1064  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
1065  return false;
1066  }
1067 
1068  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
1069  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Default access privileges"));
1070  myopt.title = buf.data;
1071  myopt.translate_header = true;
1072  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
1073  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
1074 
1075  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
1076 
1077  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
1078  PQclear(res);
1079  return true;
1080 }
1081 
1082 
1083 /*
1084  * Get object comments
1085  *
1086  * \dd [foo]
1087  *
1088  * Note: This command only lists comments for object types which do not have
1089  * their comments displayed by their own backslash commands. The following
1090  * types of objects will be displayed: constraint, operator class,
1091  * operator family, rule, and trigger.
1092  *
1093  */
1094 bool
1095 objectDescription(const char *pattern, bool showSystem)
1096 {
1098  PGresult *res;
1099  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
1100  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, true, false};
1101 
1102  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
1103 
1104  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1105  "SELECT DISTINCT tt.nspname AS \"%s\", tt.name AS \"%s\", tt.object AS \"%s\", d.description AS \"%s\"\n"
1106  "FROM (\n",
1107  gettext_noop("Schema"),
1108  gettext_noop("Name"),
1109  gettext_noop("Object"),
1110  gettext_noop("Description"));
1111 
1112  /* Table constraint descriptions */
1113  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1114  " SELECT pgc.oid as oid, pgc.tableoid AS tableoid,\n"
1115  " n.nspname as nspname,\n"
1116  " CAST(pgc.conname AS pg_catalog.text) as name,"
1117  " CAST('%s' AS pg_catalog.text) as object\n"
1118  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_constraint pgc\n"
1119  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class c "
1120  "ON c.oid = pgc.conrelid\n"
1121  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n "
1122  " ON n.oid = c.relnamespace\n",
1123  gettext_noop("table constraint"));
1124 
1125  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
1126  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
1127  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
1128 
1129  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, !showSystem && !pattern,
1130  false, "n.nspname", "pgc.conname", NULL,
1131  "pg_catalog.pg_table_is_visible(c.oid)");
1132 
1133  /* Domain constraint descriptions */
1134  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1135  "UNION ALL\n"
1136  " SELECT pgc.oid as oid, pgc.tableoid AS tableoid,\n"
1137  " n.nspname as nspname,\n"
1138  " CAST(pgc.conname AS pg_catalog.text) as name,"
1139  " CAST('%s' AS pg_catalog.text) as object\n"
1140  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_constraint pgc\n"
1141  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_type t "
1142  "ON t.oid = pgc.contypid\n"
1143  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n "
1144  " ON n.oid = t.typnamespace\n",
1145  gettext_noop("domain constraint"));
1146 
1147  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
1148  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
1149  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
1150 
1151  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, !showSystem && !pattern,
1152  false, "n.nspname", "pgc.conname", NULL,
1153  "pg_catalog.pg_type_is_visible(t.oid)");
1154 
1155 
1156  /*
1157  * pg_opclass.opcmethod only available in 8.3+
1158  */
1159  if (pset.sversion >= 80300)
1160  {
1161  /* Operator class descriptions */
1162  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1163  "UNION ALL\n"
1164  " SELECT o.oid as oid, o.tableoid as tableoid,\n"
1165  " n.nspname as nspname,\n"
1166  " CAST(o.opcname AS pg_catalog.text) as name,\n"
1167  " CAST('%s' AS pg_catalog.text) as object\n"
1168  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_opclass o\n"
1169  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_am am ON "
1170  "o.opcmethod = am.oid\n"
1171  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON "
1172  "n.oid = o.opcnamespace\n",
1173  gettext_noop("operator class"));
1174 
1175  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
1176  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
1177  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
1178 
1179  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
1180  "n.nspname", "o.opcname", NULL,
1181  "pg_catalog.pg_opclass_is_visible(o.oid)");
1182  }
1183 
1184  /*
1185  * although operator family comments have been around since 8.3,
1186  * pg_opfamily_is_visible is only available in 9.2+
1187  */
1188  if (pset.sversion >= 90200)
1189  {
1190  /* Operator family descriptions */
1191  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1192  "UNION ALL\n"
1193  " SELECT opf.oid as oid, opf.tableoid as tableoid,\n"
1194  " n.nspname as nspname,\n"
1195  " CAST(opf.opfname AS pg_catalog.text) AS name,\n"
1196  " CAST('%s' AS pg_catalog.text) as object\n"
1197  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_opfamily opf\n"
1198  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_am am "
1199  "ON opf.opfmethod = am.oid\n"
1200  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n "
1201  "ON opf.opfnamespace = n.oid\n",
1202  gettext_noop("operator family"));
1203 
1204  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
1205  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
1206  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
1207 
1208  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
1209  "n.nspname", "opf.opfname", NULL,
1210  "pg_catalog.pg_opfamily_is_visible(opf.oid)");
1211  }
1212 
1213  /* Rule descriptions (ignore rules for views) */
1214  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1215  "UNION ALL\n"
1216  " SELECT r.oid as oid, r.tableoid as tableoid,\n"
1217  " n.nspname as nspname,\n"
1218  " CAST(r.rulename AS pg_catalog.text) as name,"
1219  " CAST('%s' AS pg_catalog.text) as object\n"
1220  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_rewrite r\n"
1221  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class c ON c.oid = r.ev_class\n"
1222  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.relnamespace\n"
1223  " WHERE r.rulename != '_RETURN'\n",
1224  gettext_noop("rule"));
1225 
1226  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
1227  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
1228  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
1229 
1230  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
1231  "n.nspname", "r.rulename", NULL,
1232  "pg_catalog.pg_table_is_visible(c.oid)");
1233 
1234  /* Trigger descriptions */
1235  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1236  "UNION ALL\n"
1237  " SELECT t.oid as oid, t.tableoid as tableoid,\n"
1238  " n.nspname as nspname,\n"
1239  " CAST(t.tgname AS pg_catalog.text) as name,"
1240  " CAST('%s' AS pg_catalog.text) as object\n"
1241  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_trigger t\n"
1242  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class c ON c.oid = t.tgrelid\n"
1243  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.relnamespace\n",
1244  gettext_noop("trigger"));
1245 
1246  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
1247  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
1248  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
1249 
1250  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, !showSystem && !pattern, false,
1251  "n.nspname", "t.tgname", NULL,
1252  "pg_catalog.pg_table_is_visible(c.oid)");
1253 
1254  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
1255  ") AS tt\n"
1256  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description d ON (tt.oid = d.objoid AND tt.tableoid = d.classoid AND d.objsubid = 0)\n");
1257 
1258  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2, 3;");
1259 
1260  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1261  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
1262  if (!res)
1263  return false;
1264 
1265  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
1266  myopt.title = _("Object descriptions");
1267  myopt.translate_header = true;
1268  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
1269  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
1270 
1271  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
1272 
1273  PQclear(res);
1274  return true;
1275 }
1276 
1277 
1278 /*
1279  * describeTableDetails (for \d)
1280  *
1281  * This routine finds the tables to be displayed, and calls
1282  * describeOneTableDetails for each one.
1283  *
1284  * verbose: if true, this is \d+
1285  */
1286 bool
1287 describeTableDetails(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
1288 {
1290  PGresult *res;
1291  int i;
1292 
1293  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
1294 
1295  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1296  "SELECT c.oid,\n"
1297  " n.nspname,\n"
1298  " c.relname\n"
1299  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n"
1300  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.relnamespace\n");
1301 
1302  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
1303  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
1304  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
1305 
1306  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, !showSystem && !pattern, false,
1307  "n.nspname", "c.relname", NULL,
1308  "pg_catalog.pg_table_is_visible(c.oid)");
1309 
1310  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 2, 3;");
1311 
1312  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1313  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
1314  if (!res)
1315  return false;
1316 
1317  if (PQntuples(res) == 0)
1318  {
1319  if (!pset.quiet)
1320  psql_error("Did not find any relation named \"%s\".\n",
1321  pattern);
1322  PQclear(res);
1323  return false;
1324  }
1325 
1326  for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(res); i++)
1327  {
1328  const char *oid;
1329  const char *nspname;
1330  const char *relname;
1331 
1332  oid = PQgetvalue(res, i, 0);
1333  nspname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 1);
1334  relname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 2);
1335 
1336  if (!describeOneTableDetails(nspname, relname, oid, verbose))
1337  {
1338  PQclear(res);
1339  return false;
1340  }
1341  if (cancel_pressed)
1342  {
1343  PQclear(res);
1344  return false;
1345  }
1346  }
1347 
1348  PQclear(res);
1349  return true;
1350 }
1351 
1352 /*
1353  * describeOneTableDetails (for \d)
1354  *
1355  * Unfortunately, the information presented here is so complicated that it
1356  * cannot be done in a single query. So we have to assemble the printed table
1357  * by hand and pass it to the underlying printTable() function.
1358  */
1359 static bool
1360 describeOneTableDetails(const char *schemaname,
1361  const char *relationname,
1362  const char *oid,
1363  bool verbose)
1364 {
1366  PGresult *res = NULL;
1367  printTableOpt myopt = pset.popt.topt;
1368  printTableContent cont;
1369  bool printTableInitialized = false;
1370  int i;
1371  char *view_def = NULL;
1372  char *headers[11];
1373  char **seq_values = NULL;
1374  char **ptr;
1375  PQExpBufferData title;
1377  int cols;
1378  int numrows = 0;
1379  struct
1380  {
1381  int16 checks;
1382  char relkind;
1383  bool hasindex;
1384  bool hasrules;
1385  bool hastriggers;
1386  bool rowsecurity;
1387  bool forcerowsecurity;
1388  bool hasoids;
1389  Oid tablespace;
1390  char *reloptions;
1391  char *reloftype;
1392  char relpersistence;
1393  char relreplident;
1394  } tableinfo;
1395  bool show_column_details = false;
1396  bool retval;
1397 
1398  retval = false;
1399 
1400  myopt.default_footer = false;
1401  /* This output looks confusing in expanded mode. */
1402  myopt.expanded = false;
1403 
1404  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
1405  initPQExpBuffer(&title);
1406  initPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf);
1407 
1408  /* Get general table info */
1409  if (pset.sversion >= 90500)
1410  {
1411  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1412  "SELECT c.relchecks, c.relkind, c.relhasindex, c.relhasrules, "
1413  "c.relhastriggers, c.relrowsecurity, c.relforcerowsecurity, "
1414  "c.relhasoids, %s, c.reltablespace, "
1415  "CASE WHEN c.reloftype = 0 THEN '' ELSE c.reloftype::pg_catalog.regtype::pg_catalog.text END, "
1416  "c.relpersistence, c.relreplident\n"
1417  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n "
1418  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class tc ON (c.reltoastrelid = tc.oid)\n"
1419  "WHERE c.oid = '%s';",
1420  (verbose ?
1421  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(c.reloptions || "
1422  "array(select 'toast.' || x from pg_catalog.unnest(tc.reloptions) x), ', ')\n"
1423  : "''"),
1424  oid);
1425  }
1426  else if (pset.sversion >= 90400)
1427  {
1428  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1429  "SELECT c.relchecks, c.relkind, c.relhasindex, c.relhasrules, "
1430  "c.relhastriggers, false, false, c.relhasoids, "
1431  "%s, c.reltablespace, "
1432  "CASE WHEN c.reloftype = 0 THEN '' ELSE c.reloftype::pg_catalog.regtype::pg_catalog.text END, "
1433  "c.relpersistence, c.relreplident\n"
1434  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n "
1435  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class tc ON (c.reltoastrelid = tc.oid)\n"
1436  "WHERE c.oid = '%s';",
1437  (verbose ?
1438  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(c.reloptions || "
1439  "array(select 'toast.' || x from pg_catalog.unnest(tc.reloptions) x), ', ')\n"
1440  : "''"),
1441  oid);
1442  }
1443  else if (pset.sversion >= 90100)
1444  {
1445  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1446  "SELECT c.relchecks, c.relkind, c.relhasindex, c.relhasrules, "
1447  "c.relhastriggers, false, false, c.relhasoids, "
1448  "%s, c.reltablespace, "
1449  "CASE WHEN c.reloftype = 0 THEN '' ELSE c.reloftype::pg_catalog.regtype::pg_catalog.text END, "
1450  "c.relpersistence\n"
1451  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n "
1452  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class tc ON (c.reltoastrelid = tc.oid)\n"
1453  "WHERE c.oid = '%s';",
1454  (verbose ?
1455  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(c.reloptions || "
1456  "array(select 'toast.' || x from pg_catalog.unnest(tc.reloptions) x), ', ')\n"
1457  : "''"),
1458  oid);
1459  }
1460  else if (pset.sversion >= 90000)
1461  {
1462  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1463  "SELECT c.relchecks, c.relkind, c.relhasindex, c.relhasrules, "
1464  "c.relhastriggers, false, false, c.relhasoids, "
1465  "%s, c.reltablespace, "
1466  "CASE WHEN c.reloftype = 0 THEN '' ELSE c.reloftype::pg_catalog.regtype::pg_catalog.text END\n"
1467  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n "
1468  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class tc ON (c.reltoastrelid = tc.oid)\n"
1469  "WHERE c.oid = '%s';",
1470  (verbose ?
1471  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(c.reloptions || "
1472  "array(select 'toast.' || x from pg_catalog.unnest(tc.reloptions) x), ', ')\n"
1473  : "''"),
1474  oid);
1475  }
1476  else if (pset.sversion >= 80400)
1477  {
1478  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1479  "SELECT c.relchecks, c.relkind, c.relhasindex, c.relhasrules, "
1480  "c.relhastriggers, false, false, c.relhasoids, "
1481  "%s, c.reltablespace\n"
1482  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c\n "
1483  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class tc ON (c.reltoastrelid = tc.oid)\n"
1484  "WHERE c.oid = '%s';",
1485  (verbose ?
1486  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(c.reloptions || "
1487  "array(select 'toast.' || x from pg_catalog.unnest(tc.reloptions) x), ', ')\n"
1488  : "''"),
1489  oid);
1490  }
1491  else if (pset.sversion >= 80200)
1492  {
1493  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1494  "SELECT relchecks, relkind, relhasindex, relhasrules, "
1495  "reltriggers <> 0, false, false, relhasoids, "
1496  "%s, reltablespace\n"
1497  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class WHERE oid = '%s';",
1498  (verbose ?
1499  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(reloptions, E', ')" : "''"),
1500  oid);
1501  }
1502  else if (pset.sversion >= 80000)
1503  {
1504  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1505  "SELECT relchecks, relkind, relhasindex, relhasrules, "
1506  "reltriggers <> 0, false, false, relhasoids, "
1507  "'', reltablespace\n"
1508  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class WHERE oid = '%s';",
1509  oid);
1510  }
1511  else
1512  {
1513  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1514  "SELECT relchecks, relkind, relhasindex, relhasrules, "
1515  "reltriggers <> 0, false, false, relhasoids, "
1516  "'', ''\n"
1517  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class WHERE oid = '%s';",
1518  oid);
1519  }
1520 
1521  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1522  if (!res)
1523  goto error_return;
1524 
1525  /* Did we get anything? */
1526  if (PQntuples(res) == 0)
1527  {
1528  if (!pset.quiet)
1529  psql_error("Did not find any relation with OID %s.\n", oid);
1530  goto error_return;
1531  }
1532 
1533  tableinfo.checks = atoi(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 0));
1534  tableinfo.relkind = *(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 1));
1535  tableinfo.hasindex = strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 2), "t") == 0;
1536  tableinfo.hasrules = strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 3), "t") == 0;
1537  tableinfo.hastriggers = strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 4), "t") == 0;
1538  tableinfo.rowsecurity = strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 5), "t") == 0;
1539  tableinfo.forcerowsecurity = strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 6), "t") == 0;
1540  tableinfo.hasoids = strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 7), "t") == 0;
1541  tableinfo.reloptions = (pset.sversion >= 80200) ?
1542  pg_strdup(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 8)) : NULL;
1543  tableinfo.tablespace = (pset.sversion >= 80000) ?
1544  atooid(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 9)) : 0;
1545  tableinfo.reloftype = (pset.sversion >= 90000 &&
1546  strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 10), "") != 0) ?
1547  pg_strdup(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 10)) : NULL;
1548  tableinfo.relpersistence = (pset.sversion >= 90100) ?
1549  *(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 11)) : 0;
1550  tableinfo.relreplident = (pset.sversion >= 90400) ?
1551  *(PQgetvalue(res, 0, 12)) : 'd';
1552  PQclear(res);
1553  res = NULL;
1554 
1555  /*
1556  * If it's a sequence, fetch its values and store into an array that will
1557  * be used later.
1558  */
1559  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_SEQUENCE)
1560  {
1561  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "SELECT * FROM %s", fmtId(schemaname));
1562  /* must be separate because fmtId isn't reentrant */
1563  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, ".%s;", fmtId(relationname));
1564 
1565  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1566  if (!res)
1567  goto error_return;
1568 
1569  seq_values = pg_malloc((PQnfields(res) + 1) * sizeof(*seq_values));
1570 
1571  for (i = 0; i < PQnfields(res); i++)
1572  seq_values[i] = pg_strdup(PQgetvalue(res, 0, i));
1573  seq_values[i] = NULL;
1574 
1575  PQclear(res);
1576  res = NULL;
1577  }
1578 
1579  /*
1580  * Get column info
1581  *
1582  * You need to modify value of "firstvcol" which will be defined below if
1583  * you are adding column(s) preceding to verbose-only columns.
1584  */
1585  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "SELECT a.attname,");
1586  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\n pg_catalog.format_type(a.atttypid, a.atttypmod),"
1587  "\n (SELECT substring(pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(d.adbin, d.adrelid) for 128)"
1588  "\n FROM pg_catalog.pg_attrdef d"
1589  "\n WHERE d.adrelid = a.attrelid AND d.adnum = a.attnum AND a.atthasdef),"
1590  "\n a.attnotnull, a.attnum,");
1591  if (pset.sversion >= 90100)
1592  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\n (SELECT c.collname FROM pg_catalog.pg_collation c, pg_catalog.pg_type t\n"
1593  " WHERE c.oid = a.attcollation AND t.oid = a.atttypid AND a.attcollation <> t.typcollation) AS attcollation");
1594  else
1595  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\n NULL AS attcollation");
1596  if (pset.sversion >= 100000)
1597  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ", a.attidentity");
1598  else
1599  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ", ''::\"char\" AS attidentity");
1600  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_INDEX)
1601  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n pg_catalog.pg_get_indexdef(a.attrelid, a.attnum, TRUE) AS indexdef");
1602  else
1603  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n NULL AS indexdef");
1604  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE && pset.sversion >= 90200)
1605  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n CASE WHEN attfdwoptions IS NULL THEN '' ELSE "
1606  " '(' || array_to_string(ARRAY(SELECT quote_ident(option_name) || ' ' || quote_literal(option_value) FROM "
1607  " pg_options_to_table(attfdwoptions)), ', ') || ')' END AS attfdwoptions");
1608  else
1609  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n NULL AS attfdwoptions");
1610  if (verbose)
1611  {
1612  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n a.attstorage");
1613  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n CASE WHEN a.attstattarget=-1 THEN NULL ELSE a.attstattarget END AS attstattarget");
1614 
1615  /*
1616  * In 9.0+, we have column comments for: relations, views, composite
1617  * types, and foreign tables (c.f. CommentObject() in comment.c).
1618  */
1619  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
1620  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_VIEW ||
1621  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
1622  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE ||
1623  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_COMPOSITE_TYPE ||
1624  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
1625  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ", pg_catalog.col_description(a.attrelid, a.attnum)");
1626  }
1627 
1628  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_attribute a");
1629  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "\nWHERE a.attrelid = '%s' AND a.attnum > 0 AND NOT a.attisdropped", oid);
1630  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nORDER BY a.attnum;");
1631 
1632  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1633  if (!res)
1634  goto error_return;
1635  numrows = PQntuples(res);
1636 
1637  /* Make title */
1638  switch (tableinfo.relkind)
1639  {
1640  case RELKIND_RELATION:
1641  if (tableinfo.relpersistence == 'u')
1642  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Unlogged table \"%s.%s\""),
1643  schemaname, relationname);
1644  else
1645  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Table \"%s.%s\""),
1646  schemaname, relationname);
1647  break;
1648  case RELKIND_VIEW:
1649  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("View \"%s.%s\""),
1650  schemaname, relationname);
1651  break;
1652  case RELKIND_MATVIEW:
1653  if (tableinfo.relpersistence == 'u')
1654  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Unlogged materialized view \"%s.%s\""),
1655  schemaname, relationname);
1656  else
1657  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Materialized view \"%s.%s\""),
1658  schemaname, relationname);
1659  break;
1660  case RELKIND_SEQUENCE:
1661  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Sequence \"%s.%s\""),
1662  schemaname, relationname);
1663  break;
1664  case RELKIND_INDEX:
1665  if (tableinfo.relpersistence == 'u')
1666  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Unlogged index \"%s.%s\""),
1667  schemaname, relationname);
1668  else
1669  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Index \"%s.%s\""),
1670  schemaname, relationname);
1671  break;
1672  case 's':
1673  /* not used as of 8.2, but keep it for backwards compatibility */
1674  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Special relation \"%s.%s\""),
1675  schemaname, relationname);
1676  break;
1677  case RELKIND_TOASTVALUE:
1678  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("TOAST table \"%s.%s\""),
1679  schemaname, relationname);
1680  break;
1682  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Composite type \"%s.%s\""),
1683  schemaname, relationname);
1684  break;
1685  case RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE:
1686  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Foreign table \"%s.%s\""),
1687  schemaname, relationname);
1688  break;
1690  if (tableinfo.relpersistence == 'u')
1691  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Unlogged table \"%s.%s\""),
1692  schemaname, relationname);
1693  else
1694  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Table \"%s.%s\""),
1695  schemaname, relationname);
1696  break;
1697  default:
1698  /* untranslated unknown relkind */
1699  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, "?%c? \"%s.%s\"",
1700  tableinfo.relkind, schemaname, relationname);
1701  break;
1702  }
1703 
1704  /* Set the number of columns, and their names */
1705  headers[0] = gettext_noop("Column");
1706  headers[1] = gettext_noop("Type");
1707  cols = 2;
1708 
1709  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
1710  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_VIEW ||
1711  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
1712  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE ||
1713  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_COMPOSITE_TYPE ||
1714  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
1715  {
1716  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("Collation");
1717  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("Nullable");
1718  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("Default");
1719  show_column_details = true;
1720  }
1721 
1722  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_SEQUENCE)
1723  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("Value");
1724 
1725  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_INDEX)
1726  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("Definition");
1727 
1728  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE && pset.sversion >= 90200)
1729  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("FDW Options");
1730 
1731  if (verbose)
1732  {
1733  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("Storage");
1734  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
1735  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
1736  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE ||
1737  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
1738  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("Stats target");
1739  /* Column comments, if the relkind supports this feature. */
1740  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
1741  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_VIEW ||
1742  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
1743  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_COMPOSITE_TYPE ||
1744  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE ||
1745  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
1746  headers[cols++] = gettext_noop("Description");
1747  }
1748 
1749  printTableInit(&cont, &myopt, title.data, cols, numrows);
1750  printTableInitialized = true;
1751 
1752  for (i = 0; i < cols; i++)
1753  printTableAddHeader(&cont, headers[i], true, 'l');
1754 
1755  /* Get view_def if table is a view or materialized view */
1756  if ((tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_VIEW ||
1757  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW) && verbose)
1758  {
1759  PGresult *result;
1760 
1761  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1762  "SELECT pg_catalog.pg_get_viewdef('%s'::pg_catalog.oid, true);",
1763  oid);
1764  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1765  if (!result)
1766  goto error_return;
1767 
1768  if (PQntuples(result) > 0)
1769  view_def = pg_strdup(PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0));
1770 
1771  PQclear(result);
1772  }
1773 
1774  /* Generate table cells to be printed */
1775  for (i = 0; i < numrows; i++)
1776  {
1777  /* Column */
1778  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 0), false, false);
1779 
1780  /* Type */
1781  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 1), false, false);
1782 
1783  /* Collation, Nullable, Default */
1784  if (show_column_details)
1785  {
1786  char *identity;
1787  char *default_str = "";
1788 
1789  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 5), false, false);
1790 
1791  printTableAddCell(&cont, strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, 3), "t") == 0 ? "not null" : "", false, false);
1792 
1793  identity = PQgetvalue(res, i, 6);
1794 
1795  if (!identity[0])
1796  /* (note: above we cut off the 'default' string at 128) */
1797  default_str = PQgetvalue(res, i, 2);
1798  else if (identity[0] == ATTRIBUTE_IDENTITY_ALWAYS)
1799  default_str = "generated always as identity";
1800  else if (identity[0] == ATTRIBUTE_IDENTITY_BY_DEFAULT)
1801  default_str = "generated by default as identity";
1802 
1803  printTableAddCell(&cont, default_str, false, false);
1804  }
1805 
1806  /* Value: for sequences only */
1807  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_SEQUENCE)
1808  printTableAddCell(&cont, seq_values[i], false, false);
1809 
1810  /* Expression for index column */
1811  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_INDEX)
1812  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 7), false, false);
1813 
1814  /* FDW options for foreign table column, only for 9.2 or later */
1815  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE && pset.sversion >= 90200)
1816  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 8), false, false);
1817 
1818  /* Storage and Description */
1819  if (verbose)
1820  {
1821  int firstvcol = 9;
1822  char *storage = PQgetvalue(res, i, firstvcol);
1823 
1824  /* these strings are literal in our syntax, so not translated. */
1825  printTableAddCell(&cont, (storage[0] == 'p' ? "plain" :
1826  (storage[0] == 'm' ? "main" :
1827  (storage[0] == 'x' ? "extended" :
1828  (storage[0] == 'e' ? "external" :
1829  "???")))),
1830  false, false);
1831 
1832  /* Statistics target, if the relkind supports this feature */
1833  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
1834  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
1835  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE ||
1836  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
1837  {
1838  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, firstvcol + 1),
1839  false, false);
1840  }
1841 
1842  /* Column comments, if the relkind supports this feature. */
1843  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
1844  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_VIEW ||
1845  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
1846  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_COMPOSITE_TYPE ||
1847  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE ||
1848  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
1849  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, firstvcol + 2),
1850  false, false);
1851  }
1852  }
1853 
1854  /* Make footers */
1855  if (pset.sversion >= 100000)
1856  {
1857  /* Get the partition information */
1858  PGresult *result;
1859  char *parent_name;
1860  char *partdef;
1861  char *partconstraintdef = NULL;
1862 
1863  /* If verbose, also request the partition constraint definition */
1864  if (verbose)
1865  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1866  "SELECT inhparent::pg_catalog.regclass,"
1867  " pg_get_expr(c.relpartbound, inhrelid),"
1868  " pg_get_partition_constraintdef(inhrelid)"
1869  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c"
1870  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_inherits"
1871  " ON c.oid = inhrelid"
1872  " WHERE c.oid = '%s' AND c.relispartition;", oid);
1873  else
1874  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1875  "SELECT inhparent::pg_catalog.regclass,"
1876  " pg_get_expr(c.relpartbound, inhrelid)"
1877  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c"
1878  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_inherits"
1879  " ON c.oid = inhrelid"
1880  " WHERE c.oid = '%s' AND c.relispartition;", oid);
1881  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1882  if (!result)
1883  goto error_return;
1884 
1885  if (PQntuples(result) > 0)
1886  {
1887  parent_name = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0);
1888  partdef = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 1);
1889 
1890  if (PQnfields(result) == 3)
1891  partconstraintdef = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 2);
1892 
1893  printfPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, _("Partition of: %s %s"), parent_name,
1894  partdef);
1895  printTableAddFooter(&cont, tmpbuf.data);
1896 
1897  if (partconstraintdef)
1898  {
1899  printfPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, _("Partition constraint: %s"),
1900  partconstraintdef);
1901  printTableAddFooter(&cont, tmpbuf.data);
1902  }
1903 
1904  PQclear(result);
1905  }
1906  }
1907 
1908  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
1909  {
1910  /* Get the partition key information */
1911  PGresult *result;
1912  char *partkeydef;
1913 
1914  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1915  "SELECT pg_catalog.pg_get_partkeydef('%s'::pg_catalog.oid);",
1916  oid);
1917  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1918  if (!result || PQntuples(result) != 1)
1919  goto error_return;
1920 
1921  partkeydef = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0);
1922  printfPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, _("Partition key: %s"), partkeydef);
1923  printTableAddFooter(&cont, tmpbuf.data);
1924  PQclear(result);
1925  }
1926 
1927  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_INDEX)
1928  {
1929  /* Footer information about an index */
1930  PGresult *result;
1931 
1932  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
1933  "SELECT i.indisunique, i.indisprimary, i.indisclustered, ");
1934  if (pset.sversion >= 80200)
1935  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "i.indisvalid,\n");
1936  else
1937  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "true AS indisvalid,\n");
1938  if (pset.sversion >= 90000)
1939  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
1940  " (NOT i.indimmediate) AND "
1941  "EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM pg_catalog.pg_constraint "
1942  "WHERE conrelid = i.indrelid AND "
1943  "conindid = i.indexrelid AND "
1944  "contype IN ('p','u','x') AND "
1945  "condeferrable) AS condeferrable,\n"
1946  " (NOT i.indimmediate) AND "
1947  "EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM pg_catalog.pg_constraint "
1948  "WHERE conrelid = i.indrelid AND "
1949  "conindid = i.indexrelid AND "
1950  "contype IN ('p','u','x') AND "
1951  "condeferred) AS condeferred,\n");
1952  else
1953  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
1954  " false AS condeferrable, false AS condeferred,\n");
1955 
1956  if (pset.sversion >= 90400)
1957  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "i.indisreplident,\n");
1958  else
1959  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "false AS indisreplident,\n");
1960 
1961  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, " a.amname, c2.relname, "
1962  "pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(i.indpred, i.indrelid, true)\n"
1963  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_index i, pg_catalog.pg_class c, pg_catalog.pg_class c2, pg_catalog.pg_am a\n"
1964  "WHERE i.indexrelid = c.oid AND c.oid = '%s' AND c.relam = a.oid\n"
1965  "AND i.indrelid = c2.oid;",
1966  oid);
1967 
1968  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
1969  if (!result)
1970  goto error_return;
1971  else if (PQntuples(result) != 1)
1972  {
1973  PQclear(result);
1974  goto error_return;
1975  }
1976  else
1977  {
1978  char *indisunique = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0);
1979  char *indisprimary = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 1);
1980  char *indisclustered = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 2);
1981  char *indisvalid = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 3);
1982  char *deferrable = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 4);
1983  char *deferred = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 5);
1984  char *indisreplident = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 6);
1985  char *indamname = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 7);
1986  char *indtable = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 8);
1987  char *indpred = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 9);
1988 
1989  if (strcmp(indisprimary, "t") == 0)
1990  printfPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, _("primary key, "));
1991  else if (strcmp(indisunique, "t") == 0)
1992  printfPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, _("unique, "));
1993  else
1994  resetPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf);
1995  appendPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, "%s, ", indamname);
1996 
1997  /* we assume here that index and table are in same schema */
1998  appendPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, _("for table \"%s.%s\""),
1999  schemaname, indtable);
2000 
2001  if (strlen(indpred))
2002  appendPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, _(", predicate (%s)"), indpred);
2003 
2004  if (strcmp(indisclustered, "t") == 0)
2005  appendPQExpBufferStr(&tmpbuf, _(", clustered"));
2006 
2007  if (strcmp(indisvalid, "t") != 0)
2008  appendPQExpBufferStr(&tmpbuf, _(", invalid"));
2009 
2010  if (strcmp(deferrable, "t") == 0)
2011  appendPQExpBufferStr(&tmpbuf, _(", deferrable"));
2012 
2013  if (strcmp(deferred, "t") == 0)
2014  appendPQExpBufferStr(&tmpbuf, _(", initially deferred"));
2015 
2016  if (strcmp(indisreplident, "t") == 0)
2017  appendPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf, _(", replica identity"));
2018 
2019  printTableAddFooter(&cont, tmpbuf.data);
2020  add_tablespace_footer(&cont, tableinfo.relkind,
2021  tableinfo.tablespace, true);
2022  }
2023 
2024  PQclear(result);
2025  }
2026  else if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_SEQUENCE)
2027  {
2028  /* Footer information about a sequence */
2029  PGresult *result = NULL;
2030 
2031  /* Get the column that owns this sequence */
2032  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "SELECT pg_catalog.quote_ident(nspname) || '.' ||"
2033  "\n pg_catalog.quote_ident(relname) || '.' ||"
2034  "\n pg_catalog.quote_ident(attname),"
2035  "\n d.deptype"
2036  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_class c"
2037  "\nINNER JOIN pg_catalog.pg_depend d ON c.oid=d.refobjid"
2038  "\nINNER JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid=c.relnamespace"
2039  "\nINNER JOIN pg_catalog.pg_attribute a ON ("
2040  "\n a.attrelid=c.oid AND"
2041  "\n a.attnum=d.refobjsubid)"
2042  "\nWHERE d.classid='pg_catalog.pg_class'::pg_catalog.regclass"
2043  "\n AND d.refclassid='pg_catalog.pg_class'::pg_catalog.regclass"
2044  "\n AND d.objid=%s"
2045  "\n AND d.deptype IN ('a', 'i')",
2046  oid);
2047 
2048  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2049  if (!result)
2050  goto error_return;
2051  else if (PQntuples(result) == 1)
2052  {
2053  switch (PQgetvalue(result, 0, 1)[0])
2054  {
2055  case 'a':
2056  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Owned by: %s"),
2057  PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0));
2058  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2059  break;
2060  case 'i':
2061  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Sequence for identity column: %s"),
2062  PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0));
2063  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2064  break;
2065  }
2066  }
2067 
2068  /*
2069  * If we get no rows back, don't show anything (obviously). We should
2070  * never get more than one row back, but if we do, just ignore it and
2071  * don't print anything.
2072  */
2073  PQclear(result);
2074  }
2075  else if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
2076  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
2077  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE ||
2078  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
2079  {
2080  /* Footer information about a table */
2081  PGresult *result = NULL;
2082  int tuples = 0;
2083 
2084  /* print indexes */
2085  if (tableinfo.hasindex)
2086  {
2087  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2088  "SELECT c2.relname, i.indisprimary, i.indisunique, i.indisclustered, ");
2089  if (pset.sversion >= 80200)
2090  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "i.indisvalid, ");
2091  else
2092  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "true as indisvalid, ");
2093  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "pg_catalog.pg_get_indexdef(i.indexrelid, 0, true),\n ");
2094  if (pset.sversion >= 90000)
2095  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
2096  "pg_catalog.pg_get_constraintdef(con.oid, true), "
2097  "contype, condeferrable, condeferred");
2098  else
2099  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
2100  "null AS constraintdef, null AS contype, "
2101  "false AS condeferrable, false AS condeferred");
2102  if (pset.sversion >= 90400)
2103  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ", i.indisreplident");
2104  else
2105  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ", false AS indisreplident");
2106  if (pset.sversion >= 80000)
2107  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ", c2.reltablespace");
2108  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
2109  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_class c, pg_catalog.pg_class c2, pg_catalog.pg_index i\n");
2110  if (pset.sversion >= 90000)
2111  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
2112  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_constraint con ON (conrelid = i.indrelid AND conindid = i.indexrelid AND contype IN ('p','u','x'))\n");
2113  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2114  "WHERE c.oid = '%s' AND c.oid = i.indrelid AND i.indexrelid = c2.oid\n"
2115  "ORDER BY i.indisprimary DESC, i.indisunique DESC, c2.relname;",
2116  oid);
2117  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2118  if (!result)
2119  goto error_return;
2120  else
2121  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2122 
2123  if (tuples > 0)
2124  {
2125  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Indexes:"));
2126  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2127  {
2128  /* untranslated index name */
2129  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " \"%s\"",
2130  PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
2131 
2132  /* If exclusion constraint, print the constraintdef */
2133  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 7), "x") == 0)
2134  {
2135  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, " %s",
2136  PQgetvalue(result, i, 6));
2137  }
2138  else
2139  {
2140  const char *indexdef;
2141  const char *usingpos;
2142 
2143  /* Label as primary key or unique (but not both) */
2144  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 1), "t") == 0)
2145  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " PRIMARY KEY,");
2146  else if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 2), "t") == 0)
2147  {
2148  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 7), "u") == 0)
2149  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " UNIQUE CONSTRAINT,");
2150  else
2151  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " UNIQUE,");
2152  }
2153 
2154  /* Everything after "USING" is echoed verbatim */
2155  indexdef = PQgetvalue(result, i, 5);
2156  usingpos = strstr(indexdef, " USING ");
2157  if (usingpos)
2158  indexdef = usingpos + 7;
2159  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, " %s", indexdef);
2160 
2161  /* Need these for deferrable PK/UNIQUE indexes */
2162  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 8), "t") == 0)
2163  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " DEFERRABLE");
2164 
2165  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 9), "t") == 0)
2166  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " INITIALLY DEFERRED");
2167  }
2168 
2169  /* Add these for all cases */
2170  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 3), "t") == 0)
2171  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " CLUSTER");
2172 
2173  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 4), "t") != 0)
2174  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " INVALID");
2175 
2176  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 10), "t") == 0)
2177  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, " REPLICA IDENTITY");
2178 
2179  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2180 
2181  /* Print tablespace of the index on the same line */
2182  if (pset.sversion >= 80000)
2184  atooid(PQgetvalue(result, i, 11)),
2185  false);
2186  }
2187  }
2188  PQclear(result);
2189  }
2190 
2191  /* print table (and column) check constraints */
2192  if (tableinfo.checks)
2193  {
2194  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2195  "SELECT r.conname, "
2196  "pg_catalog.pg_get_constraintdef(r.oid, true)\n"
2197  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_constraint r\n"
2198  "WHERE r.conrelid = '%s' AND r.contype = 'c'\n"
2199  "ORDER BY 1;",
2200  oid);
2201  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2202  if (!result)
2203  goto error_return;
2204  else
2205  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2206 
2207  if (tuples > 0)
2208  {
2209  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Check constraints:"));
2210  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2211  {
2212  /* untranslated constraint name and def */
2213  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " \"%s\" %s",
2214  PQgetvalue(result, i, 0),
2215  PQgetvalue(result, i, 1));
2216 
2217  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2218  }
2219  }
2220  PQclear(result);
2221  }
2222 
2223  /* print foreign-key constraints (there are none if no triggers) */
2224  if (tableinfo.hastriggers)
2225  {
2226  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2227  "SELECT conname,\n"
2228  " pg_catalog.pg_get_constraintdef(r.oid, true) as condef\n"
2229  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_constraint r\n"
2230  "WHERE r.conrelid = '%s' AND r.contype = 'f' ORDER BY 1;",
2231  oid);
2232  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2233  if (!result)
2234  goto error_return;
2235  else
2236  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2237 
2238  if (tuples > 0)
2239  {
2240  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Foreign-key constraints:"));
2241  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2242  {
2243  /* untranslated constraint name and def */
2244  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " \"%s\" %s",
2245  PQgetvalue(result, i, 0),
2246  PQgetvalue(result, i, 1));
2247 
2248  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2249  }
2250  }
2251  PQclear(result);
2252  }
2253 
2254  /* print incoming foreign-key references (none if no triggers) */
2255  if (tableinfo.hastriggers)
2256  {
2257  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2258  "SELECT conname, conrelid::pg_catalog.regclass,\n"
2259  " pg_catalog.pg_get_constraintdef(c.oid, true) as condef\n"
2260  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_constraint c\n"
2261  "WHERE c.confrelid = '%s' AND c.contype = 'f' ORDER BY 1;",
2262  oid);
2263  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2264  if (!result)
2265  goto error_return;
2266  else
2267  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2268 
2269  if (tuples > 0)
2270  {
2271  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Referenced by:"));
2272  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2273  {
2274  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " TABLE \"%s\" CONSTRAINT \"%s\" %s",
2275  PQgetvalue(result, i, 1),
2276  PQgetvalue(result, i, 0),
2277  PQgetvalue(result, i, 2));
2278 
2279  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2280  }
2281  }
2282  PQclear(result);
2283  }
2284 
2285  /* print any row-level policies */
2286  if (pset.sversion >= 90500)
2287  {
2288  if (pset.sversion >= 100000)
2289  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2290  "SELECT pol.polname, pol.polpermissive,\n"
2291  "CASE WHEN pol.polroles = '{0}' THEN NULL ELSE array_to_string(array(select rolname from pg_roles where oid = any (pol.polroles) order by 1),',') END,\n"
2292  "pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(pol.polqual, pol.polrelid),\n"
2293  "pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(pol.polwithcheck, pol.polrelid),\n"
2294  "CASE pol.polcmd\n"
2295  "WHEN 'r' THEN 'SELECT'\n"
2296  "WHEN 'a' THEN 'INSERT'\n"
2297  "WHEN 'w' THEN 'UPDATE'\n"
2298  "WHEN 'd' THEN 'DELETE'\n"
2299  "END AS cmd\n"
2300  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_policy pol\n"
2301  "WHERE pol.polrelid = '%s' ORDER BY 1;",
2302  oid);
2303  else
2304  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2305  "SELECT pol.polname, 't' as polpermissive,\n"
2306  "CASE WHEN pol.polroles = '{0}' THEN NULL ELSE array_to_string(array(select rolname from pg_roles where oid = any (pol.polroles) order by 1),',') END,\n"
2307  "pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(pol.polqual, pol.polrelid),\n"
2308  "pg_catalog.pg_get_expr(pol.polwithcheck, pol.polrelid),\n"
2309  "CASE pol.polcmd\n"
2310  "WHEN 'r' THEN 'SELECT'\n"
2311  "WHEN 'a' THEN 'INSERT'\n"
2312  "WHEN 'w' THEN 'UPDATE'\n"
2313  "WHEN 'd' THEN 'DELETE'\n"
2314  "END AS cmd\n"
2315  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_policy pol\n"
2316  "WHERE pol.polrelid = '%s' ORDER BY 1;",
2317  oid);
2318 
2319  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2320  if (!result)
2321  goto error_return;
2322  else
2323  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2324 
2325  /*
2326  * Handle cases where RLS is enabled and there are policies, or
2327  * there aren't policies, or RLS isn't enabled but there are
2328  * policies
2329  */
2330  if (tableinfo.rowsecurity && !tableinfo.forcerowsecurity && tuples > 0)
2331  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Policies:"));
2332 
2333  if (tableinfo.rowsecurity && tableinfo.forcerowsecurity && tuples > 0)
2334  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Policies (forced row security enabled):"));
2335 
2336  if (tableinfo.rowsecurity && !tableinfo.forcerowsecurity && tuples == 0)
2337  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Policies (row security enabled): (none)"));
2338 
2339  if (tableinfo.rowsecurity && tableinfo.forcerowsecurity && tuples == 0)
2340  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Policies (forced row security enabled): (none)"));
2341 
2342  if (!tableinfo.rowsecurity && tuples > 0)
2343  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Policies (row security disabled):"));
2344 
2345  /* Might be an empty set - that's ok */
2346  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2347  {
2348  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " POLICY \"%s\"",
2349  PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
2350 
2351  if (*(PQgetvalue(result, i, 1)) == 'f')
2352  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, " AS RESTRICTIVE");
2353 
2354  if (!PQgetisnull(result, i, 5))
2355  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, " FOR %s",
2356  PQgetvalue(result, i, 5));
2357 
2358  if (!PQgetisnull(result, i, 2))
2359  {
2360  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "\n TO %s",
2361  PQgetvalue(result, i, 2));
2362  }
2363 
2364  if (!PQgetisnull(result, i, 3))
2365  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "\n USING (%s)",
2366  PQgetvalue(result, i, 3));
2367 
2368  if (!PQgetisnull(result, i, 4))
2369  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "\n WITH CHECK (%s)",
2370  PQgetvalue(result, i, 4));
2371 
2372  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2373 
2374  }
2375  PQclear(result);
2376  }
2377 
2378  /* print any extended statistics */
2379  if (pset.sversion >= 100000)
2380  {
2381  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2382  "SELECT oid, "
2383  "stxrelid::pg_catalog.regclass, "
2384  "stxnamespace::pg_catalog.regnamespace AS nsp, "
2385  "stxname,\n"
2386  " (SELECT pg_catalog.string_agg(pg_catalog.quote_ident(attname),', ')\n"
2387  " FROM pg_catalog.unnest(stxkeys) s(attnum)\n"
2388  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_attribute a ON (stxrelid = a.attrelid AND\n"
2389  " a.attnum = s.attnum AND NOT attisdropped)) AS columns,\n"
2390  " (stxkind @> '{d}') AS ndist_enabled,\n"
2391  " (stxkind @> '{f}') AS deps_enabled\n"
2392  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_statistic_ext stat "
2393  "WHERE stxrelid = '%s'\n"
2394  "ORDER BY 1;",
2395  oid);
2396 
2397  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2398  if (!result)
2399  goto error_return;
2400  else
2401  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2402 
2403  if (tuples > 0)
2404  {
2405  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Statistics objects:"));
2406 
2407  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2408  {
2409  bool gotone = false;
2410 
2411  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " ");
2412 
2413  /* statistics object name (qualified with namespace) */
2414  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "\"%s\".\"%s\" (",
2415  PQgetvalue(result, i, 2),
2416  PQgetvalue(result, i, 3));
2417 
2418  /* options */
2419  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 5), "t") == 0)
2420  {
2421  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ndistinct");
2422  gotone = true;
2423  }
2424 
2425  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(result, i, 6), "t") == 0)
2426  {
2427  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%sdependencies", gotone ? ", " : "");
2428  }
2429 
2430  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, ") ON %s FROM %s",
2431  PQgetvalue(result, i, 4),
2432  PQgetvalue(result, i, 1));
2433 
2434  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2435  }
2436  }
2437  PQclear(result);
2438  }
2439 
2440  /* print rules */
2441  if (tableinfo.hasrules && tableinfo.relkind != RELKIND_MATVIEW)
2442  {
2443  if (pset.sversion >= 80300)
2444  {
2445  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2446  "SELECT r.rulename, trim(trailing ';' from pg_catalog.pg_get_ruledef(r.oid, true)), "
2447  "ev_enabled\n"
2448  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_rewrite r\n"
2449  "WHERE r.ev_class = '%s' ORDER BY 1;",
2450  oid);
2451  }
2452  else
2453  {
2454  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2455  "SELECT r.rulename, trim(trailing ';' from pg_catalog.pg_get_ruledef(r.oid, true)), "
2456  "'O'::char AS ev_enabled\n"
2457  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_rewrite r\n"
2458  "WHERE r.ev_class = '%s' ORDER BY 1;",
2459  oid);
2460  }
2461  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2462  if (!result)
2463  goto error_return;
2464  else
2465  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2466 
2467  if (tuples > 0)
2468  {
2469  bool have_heading;
2470  int category;
2471 
2472  for (category = 0; category < 4; category++)
2473  {
2474  have_heading = false;
2475 
2476  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2477  {
2478  const char *ruledef;
2479  bool list_rule = false;
2480 
2481  switch (category)
2482  {
2483  case 0:
2484  if (*PQgetvalue(result, i, 2) == 'O')
2485  list_rule = true;
2486  break;
2487  case 1:
2488  if (*PQgetvalue(result, i, 2) == 'D')
2489  list_rule = true;
2490  break;
2491  case 2:
2492  if (*PQgetvalue(result, i, 2) == 'A')
2493  list_rule = true;
2494  break;
2495  case 3:
2496  if (*PQgetvalue(result, i, 2) == 'R')
2497  list_rule = true;
2498  break;
2499  }
2500  if (!list_rule)
2501  continue;
2502 
2503  if (!have_heading)
2504  {
2505  switch (category)
2506  {
2507  case 0:
2508  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Rules:"));
2509  break;
2510  case 1:
2511  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Disabled rules:"));
2512  break;
2513  case 2:
2514  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Rules firing always:"));
2515  break;
2516  case 3:
2517  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Rules firing on replica only:"));
2518  break;
2519  }
2520  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2521  have_heading = true;
2522  }
2523 
2524  /* Everything after "CREATE RULE" is echoed verbatim */
2525  ruledef = PQgetvalue(result, i, 1);
2526  ruledef += 12;
2527  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " %s", ruledef);
2528  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2529  }
2530  }
2531  }
2532  PQclear(result);
2533  }
2534 
2535  /* print any publications */
2536  if (pset.sversion >= 100000)
2537  {
2538  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2539  "SELECT pub.pubname\n"
2540  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_publication pub\n"
2541  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_publication_rel pr\n"
2542  " ON (pr.prpubid = pub.oid)\n"
2543  "WHERE pr.prrelid = '%s' OR pub.puballtables\n"
2544  "ORDER BY 1;",
2545  oid);
2546 
2547  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2548  if (!result)
2549  goto error_return;
2550  else
2551  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2552 
2553  if (tuples > 0)
2554  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Publications:"));
2555 
2556  /* Might be an empty set - that's ok */
2557  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2558  {
2559  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " \"%s\"",
2560  PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
2561 
2562  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2563  }
2564  PQclear(result);
2565  }
2566  }
2567 
2568  if (view_def)
2569  {
2570  PGresult *result = NULL;
2571 
2572  /* Footer information about a view */
2573  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("View definition:"));
2574  printTableAddFooter(&cont, view_def);
2575 
2576  /* print rules */
2577  if (tableinfo.hasrules)
2578  {
2579  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2580  "SELECT r.rulename, trim(trailing ';' from pg_catalog.pg_get_ruledef(r.oid, true))\n"
2581  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_rewrite r\n"
2582  "WHERE r.ev_class = '%s' AND r.rulename != '_RETURN' ORDER BY 1;",
2583  oid);
2584  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2585  if (!result)
2586  goto error_return;
2587 
2588  if (PQntuples(result) > 0)
2589  {
2590  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Rules:"));
2591  for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(result); i++)
2592  {
2593  const char *ruledef;
2594 
2595  /* Everything after "CREATE RULE" is echoed verbatim */
2596  ruledef = PQgetvalue(result, i, 1);
2597  ruledef += 12;
2598 
2599  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " %s", ruledef);
2600  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2601  }
2602  }
2603  PQclear(result);
2604  }
2605  }
2606 
2607  /*
2608  * Print triggers next, if any (but only user-defined triggers). This
2609  * could apply to either a table or a view.
2610  */
2611  if (tableinfo.hastriggers)
2612  {
2613  PGresult *result;
2614  int tuples;
2615 
2616  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2617  "SELECT t.tgname, "
2618  "pg_catalog.pg_get_triggerdef(t.oid%s), "
2619  "t.tgenabled, %s\n"
2620  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_trigger t\n"
2621  "WHERE t.tgrelid = '%s' AND ",
2622  (pset.sversion >= 90000 ? ", true" : ""),
2623  (pset.sversion >= 90000 ? "t.tgisinternal" :
2624  pset.sversion >= 80300 ?
2625  "t.tgconstraint <> 0 AS tgisinternal" :
2626  "false AS tgisinternal"), oid);
2627  if (pset.sversion >= 90000)
2628  /* display/warn about disabled internal triggers */
2629  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "(NOT t.tgisinternal OR (t.tgisinternal AND t.tgenabled = 'D'))");
2630  else if (pset.sversion >= 80300)
2631  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "(t.tgconstraint = 0 OR (t.tgconstraint <> 0 AND t.tgenabled = 'D'))");
2632  else
2633  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
2634  "(NOT tgisconstraint "
2635  " OR NOT EXISTS"
2636  " (SELECT 1 FROM pg_catalog.pg_depend d "
2637  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_constraint c ON (d.refclassid = c.tableoid AND d.refobjid = c.oid) "
2638  " WHERE d.classid = t.tableoid AND d.objid = t.oid AND d.deptype = 'i' AND c.contype = 'f'))");
2639  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nORDER BY 1;");
2640 
2641  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2642  if (!result)
2643  goto error_return;
2644  else
2645  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2646 
2647  if (tuples > 0)
2648  {
2649  bool have_heading;
2650  int category;
2651 
2652  /*
2653  * split the output into 4 different categories. Enabled triggers,
2654  * disabled triggers and the two special ALWAYS and REPLICA
2655  * configurations.
2656  */
2657  for (category = 0; category <= 4; category++)
2658  {
2659  have_heading = false;
2660  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2661  {
2662  bool list_trigger;
2663  const char *tgdef;
2664  const char *usingpos;
2665  const char *tgenabled;
2666  const char *tgisinternal;
2667 
2668  /*
2669  * Check if this trigger falls into the current category
2670  */
2671  tgenabled = PQgetvalue(result, i, 2);
2672  tgisinternal = PQgetvalue(result, i, 3);
2673  list_trigger = false;
2674  switch (category)
2675  {
2676  case 0:
2677  if (*tgenabled == 'O' || *tgenabled == 't')
2678  list_trigger = true;
2679  break;
2680  case 1:
2681  if ((*tgenabled == 'D' || *tgenabled == 'f') &&
2682  *tgisinternal == 'f')
2683  list_trigger = true;
2684  break;
2685  case 2:
2686  if ((*tgenabled == 'D' || *tgenabled == 'f') &&
2687  *tgisinternal == 't')
2688  list_trigger = true;
2689  break;
2690  case 3:
2691  if (*tgenabled == 'A')
2692  list_trigger = true;
2693  break;
2694  case 4:
2695  if (*tgenabled == 'R')
2696  list_trigger = true;
2697  break;
2698  }
2699  if (list_trigger == false)
2700  continue;
2701 
2702  /* Print the category heading once */
2703  if (have_heading == false)
2704  {
2705  switch (category)
2706  {
2707  case 0:
2708  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Triggers:"));
2709  break;
2710  case 1:
2711  if (pset.sversion >= 80300)
2712  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Disabled user triggers:"));
2713  else
2714  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Disabled triggers:"));
2715  break;
2716  case 2:
2717  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Disabled internal triggers:"));
2718  break;
2719  case 3:
2720  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Triggers firing always:"));
2721  break;
2722  case 4:
2723  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Triggers firing on replica only:"));
2724  break;
2725 
2726  }
2727  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2728  have_heading = true;
2729  }
2730 
2731  /* Everything after "TRIGGER" is echoed verbatim */
2732  tgdef = PQgetvalue(result, i, 1);
2733  usingpos = strstr(tgdef, " TRIGGER ");
2734  if (usingpos)
2735  tgdef = usingpos + 9;
2736 
2737  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " %s", tgdef);
2738  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2739  }
2740  }
2741  }
2742  PQclear(result);
2743  }
2744 
2745  /*
2746  * Finish printing the footer information about a table.
2747  */
2748  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
2749  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
2750  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE ||
2751  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
2752  {
2753  PGresult *result;
2754  int tuples;
2755 
2756  /* print foreign server name */
2757  if (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE)
2758  {
2759  char *ftoptions;
2760 
2761  /* Footer information about foreign table */
2762  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2763  "SELECT s.srvname,\n"
2764  " array_to_string(ARRAY(SELECT "
2765  " quote_ident(option_name) || ' ' || "
2766  " quote_literal(option_value) FROM "
2767  " pg_options_to_table(ftoptions)), ', ') "
2768  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_foreign_table f,\n"
2769  " pg_catalog.pg_foreign_server s\n"
2770  "WHERE f.ftrelid = %s AND s.oid = f.ftserver;",
2771  oid);
2772  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2773  if (!result)
2774  goto error_return;
2775  else if (PQntuples(result) != 1)
2776  {
2777  PQclear(result);
2778  goto error_return;
2779  }
2780 
2781  /* Print server name */
2782  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Server: %s"),
2783  PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0));
2784  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2785 
2786  /* Print per-table FDW options, if any */
2787  ftoptions = PQgetvalue(result, 0, 1);
2788  if (ftoptions && ftoptions[0] != '\0')
2789  {
2790  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("FDW Options: (%s)"), ftoptions);
2791  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2792  }
2793  PQclear(result);
2794  }
2795 
2796  /* print inherited tables (exclude, if parent is a partitioned table) */
2797  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2798  "SELECT c.oid::pg_catalog.regclass"
2799  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c, pg_catalog.pg_inherits i"
2800  " WHERE c.oid=i.inhparent AND i.inhrelid = '%s'"
2801  " AND c.relkind != " CppAsString2(RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
2802  " ORDER BY inhseqno;", oid);
2803 
2804  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2805  if (!result)
2806  goto error_return;
2807  else
2808  {
2809  const char *s = _("Inherits");
2810  int sw = pg_wcswidth(s, strlen(s), pset.encoding);
2811 
2812  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2813 
2814  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2815  {
2816  if (i == 0)
2817  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%s: %s",
2818  s, PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
2819  else
2820  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%*s %s",
2821  sw, "", PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
2822  if (i < tuples - 1)
2823  appendPQExpBufferChar(&buf, ',');
2824 
2825  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2826  }
2827 
2828  PQclear(result);
2829  }
2830 
2831  /* print child tables (with additional info if partitions) */
2832  if (pset.sversion >= 100000)
2833  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2834  "SELECT c.oid::pg_catalog.regclass, pg_get_expr(c.relpartbound, c.oid)"
2835  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c, pg_catalog.pg_inherits i"
2836  " WHERE c.oid=i.inhrelid AND"
2837  " i.inhparent = '%s' AND"
2838  " EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM pg_class c WHERE c.oid = '%s')"
2839  " ORDER BY c.oid::pg_catalog.regclass::pg_catalog.text;", oid, oid);
2840  else if (pset.sversion >= 80300)
2841  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
2842  "SELECT c.oid::pg_catalog.regclass"
2843  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c, pg_catalog.pg_inherits i"
2844  " WHERE c.oid=i.inhrelid AND"
2845  " i.inhparent = '%s' AND"
2846  " EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM pg_class c WHERE c.oid = '%s')"
2847  " ORDER BY c.oid::pg_catalog.regclass::pg_catalog.text;", oid, oid);
2848  else
2849  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "SELECT c.oid::pg_catalog.regclass FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c, pg_catalog.pg_inherits i WHERE c.oid=i.inhrelid AND i.inhparent = '%s' ORDER BY c.relname;", oid);
2850 
2851  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
2852  if (!result)
2853  goto error_return;
2854  else
2855  tuples = PQntuples(result);
2856 
2857  if (!verbose)
2858  {
2859  /* print the number of child tables, if any */
2860  if (tuples > 0)
2861  {
2862  if (tableinfo.relkind != RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
2863  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Number of child tables: %d (Use \\d+ to list them.)"), tuples);
2864  else
2865  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Number of partitions: %d (Use \\d+ to list them.)"), tuples);
2866  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2867  }
2868  }
2869  else
2870  {
2871  /* display the list of child tables */
2872  const char *ct = (tableinfo.relkind != RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE) ?
2873  _("Child tables") : _("Partitions");
2874  int ctw = pg_wcswidth(ct, strlen(ct), pset.encoding);
2875 
2876  for (i = 0; i < tuples; i++)
2877  {
2878  if (tableinfo.relkind != RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
2879  {
2880  if (i == 0)
2881  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%s: %s",
2882  ct, PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
2883  else
2884  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%*s %s",
2885  ctw, "", PQgetvalue(result, i, 0));
2886  }
2887  else
2888  {
2889  if (i == 0)
2890  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%s: %s %s",
2891  ct, PQgetvalue(result, i, 0), PQgetvalue(result, i, 1));
2892  else
2893  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%*s %s %s",
2894  ctw, "", PQgetvalue(result, i, 0), PQgetvalue(result, i, 1));
2895  }
2896  if (i < tuples - 1)
2897  appendPQExpBufferChar(&buf, ',');
2898 
2899  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2900  }
2901  }
2902  PQclear(result);
2903 
2904  /* Table type */
2905  if (tableinfo.reloftype)
2906  {
2907  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Typed table of type: %s"), tableinfo.reloftype);
2908  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2909  }
2910 
2911  if (verbose &&
2912  (tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
2913  tableinfo.relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW) &&
2914 
2915  /*
2916  * No need to display default values; we already display a REPLICA
2917  * IDENTITY marker on indexes.
2918  */
2919  tableinfo.relreplident != 'i' &&
2920  ((strcmp(schemaname, "pg_catalog") != 0 && tableinfo.relreplident != 'd') ||
2921  (strcmp(schemaname, "pg_catalog") == 0 && tableinfo.relreplident != 'n')))
2922  {
2923  const char *s = _("Replica Identity");
2924 
2925  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%s: %s",
2926  s,
2927  tableinfo.relreplident == 'f' ? "FULL" :
2928  tableinfo.relreplident == 'n' ? "NOTHING" :
2929  "???");
2930 
2931  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2932  }
2933 
2934  /* OIDs, if verbose and not a materialized view */
2935  if (verbose && tableinfo.relkind != RELKIND_MATVIEW && tableinfo.hasoids)
2936  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Has OIDs: yes"));
2937 
2938  /* Tablespace info */
2939  add_tablespace_footer(&cont, tableinfo.relkind, tableinfo.tablespace,
2940  true);
2941  }
2942 
2943  /* reloptions, if verbose */
2944  if (verbose &&
2945  tableinfo.reloptions && tableinfo.reloptions[0] != '\0')
2946  {
2947  const char *t = _("Options");
2948 
2949  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%s: %s", t, tableinfo.reloptions);
2950  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
2951  }
2952 
2953  printTable(&cont, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
2954 
2955  retval = true;
2956 
2957 error_return:
2958 
2959  /* clean up */
2960  if (printTableInitialized)
2961  printTableCleanup(&cont);
2962  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
2963  termPQExpBuffer(&title);
2964  termPQExpBuffer(&tmpbuf);
2965 
2966  if (seq_values)
2967  {
2968  for (ptr = seq_values; *ptr; ptr++)
2969  free(*ptr);
2970  free(seq_values);
2971  }
2972 
2973  if (view_def)
2974  free(view_def);
2975 
2976  if (res)
2977  PQclear(res);
2978 
2979  return retval;
2980 }
2981 
2982 /*
2983  * Add a tablespace description to a footer. If 'newline' is true, it is added
2984  * in a new line; otherwise it's appended to the current value of the last
2985  * footer.
2986  */
2987 static void
2988 add_tablespace_footer(printTableContent *const cont, char relkind,
2989  Oid tablespace, const bool newline)
2990 {
2991  /* relkinds for which we support tablespaces */
2992  if (relkind == RELKIND_RELATION ||
2993  relkind == RELKIND_MATVIEW ||
2994  relkind == RELKIND_INDEX ||
2995  relkind == RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE)
2996  {
2997  /*
2998  * We ignore the database default tablespace so that users not using
2999  * tablespaces don't need to know about them. This case also covers
3000  * pre-8.0 servers, for which tablespace will always be 0.
3001  */
3002  if (tablespace != 0)
3003  {
3004  PGresult *result = NULL;
3006 
3007  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3008  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3009  "SELECT spcname FROM pg_catalog.pg_tablespace\n"
3010  "WHERE oid = '%u';", tablespace);
3011  result = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3012  if (!result)
3013  return;
3014  /* Should always be the case, but.... */
3015  if (PQntuples(result) > 0)
3016  {
3017  if (newline)
3018  {
3019  /* Add the tablespace as a new footer */
3020  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, _("Tablespace: \"%s\""),
3021  PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0));
3022  printTableAddFooter(cont, buf.data);
3023  }
3024  else
3025  {
3026  /* Append the tablespace to the latest footer */
3027  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "%s", cont->footer->data);
3028 
3029  /*-------
3030  translator: before this string there's an index description like
3031  '"foo_pkey" PRIMARY KEY, btree (a)' */
3032  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, _(", tablespace \"%s\""),
3033  PQgetvalue(result, 0, 0));
3034  printTableSetFooter(cont, buf.data);
3035  }
3036  }
3037  PQclear(result);
3038  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3039  }
3040  }
3041 }
3042 
3043 /*
3044  * \du or \dg
3045  *
3046  * Describes roles. Any schema portion of the pattern is ignored.
3047  */
3048 bool
3049 describeRoles(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
3050 {
3052  PGresult *res;
3053  printTableContent cont;
3054  printTableOpt myopt = pset.popt.topt;
3055  int ncols = 3;
3056  int nrows = 0;
3057  int i;
3058  int conns;
3059  const char align = 'l';
3060  char **attr;
3061 
3062  myopt.default_footer = false;
3063 
3064  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3065 
3066  if (pset.sversion >= 80100)
3067  {
3068  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3069  "SELECT r.rolname, r.rolsuper, r.rolinherit,\n"
3070  " r.rolcreaterole, r.rolcreatedb, r.rolcanlogin,\n"
3071  " r.rolconnlimit, r.rolvaliduntil,\n"
3072  " ARRAY(SELECT b.rolname\n"
3073  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_auth_members m\n"
3074  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_roles b ON (m.roleid = b.oid)\n"
3075  " WHERE m.member = r.oid) as memberof");
3076 
3077  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80200)
3078  {
3079  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\n, pg_catalog.shobj_description(r.oid, 'pg_authid') AS description");
3080  ncols++;
3081  }
3082  if (pset.sversion >= 90100)
3083  {
3084  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\n, r.rolreplication");
3085  }
3086 
3087  if (pset.sversion >= 90500)
3088  {
3089  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\n, r.rolbypassrls");
3090  }
3091 
3092  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_roles r\n");
3093 
3094  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
3095  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE r.rolname !~ '^pg_'\n");
3096 
3097  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
3098  NULL, "r.rolname", NULL, NULL);
3099  }
3100  else
3101  {
3102  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3103  "SELECT u.usename AS rolname,\n"
3104  " u.usesuper AS rolsuper,\n"
3105  " true AS rolinherit, false AS rolcreaterole,\n"
3106  " u.usecreatedb AS rolcreatedb, true AS rolcanlogin,\n"
3107  " -1 AS rolconnlimit,"
3108  " u.valuntil as rolvaliduntil,\n"
3109  " ARRAY(SELECT g.groname FROM pg_catalog.pg_group g WHERE u.usesysid = ANY(g.grolist)) as memberof"
3110  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_user u\n");
3111 
3112  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
3113  NULL, "u.usename", NULL, NULL);
3114  }
3115 
3116  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
3117 
3118  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3119  if (!res)
3120  return false;
3121 
3122  nrows = PQntuples(res);
3123  attr = pg_malloc0((nrows + 1) * sizeof(*attr));
3124 
3125  printTableInit(&cont, &myopt, _("List of roles"), ncols, nrows);
3126 
3127  printTableAddHeader(&cont, gettext_noop("Role name"), true, align);
3128  printTableAddHeader(&cont, gettext_noop("Attributes"), true, align);
3129  printTableAddHeader(&cont, gettext_noop("Member of"), true, align);
3130 
3131  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80200)
3132  printTableAddHeader(&cont, gettext_noop("Description"), true, align);
3133 
3134  for (i = 0; i < nrows; i++)
3135  {
3136  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 0), false, false);
3137 
3138  resetPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3139  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, 1), "t") == 0)
3140  add_role_attribute(&buf, _("Superuser"));
3141 
3142  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, 2), "t") != 0)
3143  add_role_attribute(&buf, _("No inheritance"));
3144 
3145  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, 3), "t") == 0)
3146  add_role_attribute(&buf, _("Create role"));
3147 
3148  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, 4), "t") == 0)
3149  add_role_attribute(&buf, _("Create DB"));
3150 
3151  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, 5), "t") != 0)
3152  add_role_attribute(&buf, _("Cannot login"));
3153 
3154  if (pset.sversion >= 90100)
3155  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, (verbose ? 10 : 9)), "t") == 0)
3156  add_role_attribute(&buf, _("Replication"));
3157 
3158  if (pset.sversion >= 90500)
3159  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, (verbose ? 11 : 10)), "t") == 0)
3160  add_role_attribute(&buf, _("Bypass RLS"));
3161 
3162  conns = atoi(PQgetvalue(res, i, 6));
3163  if (conns >= 0)
3164  {
3165  if (buf.len > 0)
3166  appendPQExpBufferChar(&buf, '\n');
3167 
3168  if (conns == 0)
3169  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, _("No connections"));
3170  else
3171  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, ngettext("%d connection",
3172  "%d connections",
3173  conns),
3174  conns);
3175  }
3176 
3177  if (strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, 7), "") != 0)
3178  {
3179  if (buf.len > 0)
3180  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\n");
3181  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, _("Password valid until "));
3182  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, PQgetvalue(res, i, 7));
3183  }
3184 
3185  attr[i] = pg_strdup(buf.data);
3186 
3187  printTableAddCell(&cont, attr[i], false, false);
3188 
3189  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 8), false, false);
3190 
3191  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 80200)
3192  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 9), false, false);
3193  }
3194  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3195 
3196  printTable(&cont, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3197  printTableCleanup(&cont);
3198 
3199  for (i = 0; i < nrows; i++)
3200  free(attr[i]);
3201  free(attr);
3202 
3203  PQclear(res);
3204  return true;
3205 }
3206 
3207 static void
3208 add_role_attribute(PQExpBuffer buf, const char *const str)
3209 {
3210  if (buf->len > 0)
3211  appendPQExpBufferStr(buf, ", ");
3212 
3213  appendPQExpBufferStr(buf, str);
3214 }
3215 
3216 /*
3217  * \drds
3218  */
3219 bool
3220 listDbRoleSettings(const char *pattern, const char *pattern2)
3221 {
3223  PGresult *res;
3224  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3225 
3226  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3227 
3228  if (pset.sversion >= 90000)
3229  {
3230  bool havewhere;
3231 
3232  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, "SELECT rolname AS \"%s\", datname AS \"%s\",\n"
3233  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(setconfig, E'\\n') AS \"%s\"\n"
3234  "FROM pg_db_role_setting AS s\n"
3235  "LEFT JOIN pg_database ON pg_database.oid = setdatabase\n"
3236  "LEFT JOIN pg_roles ON pg_roles.oid = setrole\n",
3237  gettext_noop("Role"),
3238  gettext_noop("Database"),
3239  gettext_noop("Settings"));
3240  havewhere = processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
3241  NULL, "pg_roles.rolname", NULL, NULL);
3242  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern2, havewhere, false,
3243  NULL, "pg_database.datname", NULL, NULL);
3244  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
3245  }
3246  else
3247  {
3248  fprintf(pset.queryFout,
3249  _("No per-database role settings support in this server version.\n"));
3250  return false;
3251  }
3252 
3253  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3254  if (!res)
3255  return false;
3256 
3257  if (PQntuples(res) == 0 && !pset.quiet)
3258  {
3259  if (pattern)
3260  fprintf(pset.queryFout, _("No matching settings found.\n"));
3261  else
3262  fprintf(pset.queryFout, _("No settings found.\n"));
3263  }
3264  else
3265  {
3266  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3267  myopt.title = _("List of settings");
3268  myopt.translate_header = true;
3269 
3270  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3271  }
3272 
3273  PQclear(res);
3274  resetPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3275  return true;
3276 }
3277 
3278 
3279 /*
3280  * listTables()
3281  *
3282  * handler for \dt, \di, etc.
3283  *
3284  * tabtypes is an array of characters, specifying what info is desired:
3285  * t - tables
3286  * i - indexes
3287  * v - views
3288  * m - materialized views
3289  * s - sequences
3290  * E - foreign table (Note: different from 'f', the relkind value)
3291  * (any order of the above is fine)
3292  * If tabtypes is empty, we default to \dtvsE.
3293  */
3294 bool
3295 listTables(const char *tabtypes, const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
3296 {
3297  bool showTables = strchr(tabtypes, 't') != NULL;
3298  bool showIndexes = strchr(tabtypes, 'i') != NULL;
3299  bool showViews = strchr(tabtypes, 'v') != NULL;
3300  bool showMatViews = strchr(tabtypes, 'm') != NULL;
3301  bool showSeq = strchr(tabtypes, 's') != NULL;
3302  bool showForeign = strchr(tabtypes, 'E') != NULL;
3303 
3305  PGresult *res;
3306  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3307  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, true, false, false, false, false};
3308 
3309  if (!(showTables || showIndexes || showViews || showMatViews || showSeq || showForeign))
3310  showTables = showViews = showMatViews = showSeq = showForeign = true;
3311 
3312  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3313 
3314  /*
3315  * Note: as of Pg 8.2, we no longer use relkind 's' (special), but we keep
3316  * it here for backwards compatibility.
3317  */
3318  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3319  "SELECT n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
3320  " c.relname as \"%s\",\n"
3321  " CASE c.relkind"
3322  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_RELATION) " THEN '%s'"
3323  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_VIEW) " THEN '%s'"
3324  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_MATVIEW) " THEN '%s'"
3325  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_INDEX) " THEN '%s'"
3326  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_SEQUENCE) " THEN '%s'"
3327  " WHEN 's' THEN '%s'"
3328  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_FOREIGN_TABLE) " THEN '%s'"
3329  " WHEN " CppAsString2(RELKIND_PARTITIONED_TABLE) " THEN '%s'"
3330  " END as \"%s\",\n"
3331  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(c.relowner) as \"%s\"",
3332  gettext_noop("Schema"),
3333  gettext_noop("Name"),
3334  gettext_noop("table"),
3335  gettext_noop("view"),
3336  gettext_noop("materialized view"),
3337  gettext_noop("index"),
3338  gettext_noop("sequence"),
3339  gettext_noop("special"),
3340  gettext_noop("foreign table"),
3341  gettext_noop("table"), /* partitioned table */
3342  gettext_noop("Type"),
3343  gettext_noop("Owner"));
3344 
3345  if (showIndexes)
3346  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3347  ",\n c2.relname as \"%s\"",
3348  gettext_noop("Table"));
3349 
3350  if (verbose)
3351  {
3352  /*
3353  * As of PostgreSQL 9.0, use pg_table_size() to show a more accurate
3354  * size of a table, including FSM, VM and TOAST tables.
3355  */
3356  if (pset.sversion >= 90000)
3357  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3358  ",\n pg_catalog.pg_size_pretty(pg_catalog.pg_table_size(c.oid)) as \"%s\"",
3359  gettext_noop("Size"));
3360  else if (pset.sversion >= 80100)
3361  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3362  ",\n pg_catalog.pg_size_pretty(pg_catalog.pg_relation_size(c.oid)) as \"%s\"",
3363  gettext_noop("Size"));
3364 
3365  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3366  ",\n pg_catalog.obj_description(c.oid, 'pg_class') as \"%s\"",
3367  gettext_noop("Description"));
3368  }
3369 
3370  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3371  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_class c"
3372  "\n LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.relnamespace");
3373  if (showIndexes)
3374  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3375  "\n LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_index i ON i.indexrelid = c.oid"
3376  "\n LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class c2 ON i.indrelid = c2.oid");
3377 
3378  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nWHERE c.relkind IN (");
3379  if (showTables)
3382  if (showViews)
3384  if (showMatViews)
3386  if (showIndexes)
3388  if (showSeq)
3390  if (showSystem || pattern)
3391  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "'s',"); /* was RELKIND_SPECIAL */
3392  if (showForeign)
3394 
3395  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "''"); /* dummy */
3396  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ")\n");
3397 
3398  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
3399  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
3400  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
3401 
3402  /*
3403  * TOAST objects are suppressed unconditionally. Since we don't provide
3404  * any way to select RELKIND_TOASTVALUE above, we would never show toast
3405  * tables in any case; it seems a bit confusing to allow their indexes to
3406  * be shown. Use plain \d if you really need to look at a TOAST
3407  * table/index.
3408  */
3409  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname !~ '^pg_toast'\n");
3410 
3411  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
3412  "n.nspname", "c.relname", NULL,
3413  "pg_catalog.pg_table_is_visible(c.oid)");
3414 
3415  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1,2;");
3416 
3417  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3418  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3419  if (!res)
3420  return false;
3421 
3422  if (PQntuples(res) == 0 && !pset.quiet)
3423  {
3424  if (pattern)
3425  fprintf(pset.queryFout, _("No matching relations found.\n"));
3426  else
3427  fprintf(pset.queryFout, _("No relations found.\n"));
3428  }
3429  else
3430  {
3431  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3432  myopt.title = _("List of relations");
3433  myopt.translate_header = true;
3434  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
3435  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
3436 
3437  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3438  }
3439 
3440  PQclear(res);
3441  return true;
3442 }
3443 
3444 
3445 /*
3446  * \dL
3447  *
3448  * Describes languages.
3449  */
3450 bool
3451 listLanguages(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
3452 {
3454  PGresult *res;
3455  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3456 
3457  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3458 
3459  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3460  "SELECT l.lanname AS \"%s\",\n",
3461  gettext_noop("Name"));
3462  if (pset.sversion >= 80300)
3463  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3464  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(l.lanowner) as \"%s\",\n",
3465  gettext_noop("Owner"));
3466 
3467  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3468  " l.lanpltrusted AS \"%s\"",
3469  gettext_noop("Trusted"));
3470 
3471  if (verbose)
3472  {
3473  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3474  ",\n NOT l.lanispl AS \"%s\",\n"
3475  " l.lanplcallfoid::regprocedure AS \"%s\",\n"
3476  " l.lanvalidator::regprocedure AS \"%s\",\n ",
3477  gettext_noop("Internal Language"),
3478  gettext_noop("Call Handler"),
3479  gettext_noop("Validator"));
3480  if (pset.sversion >= 90000)
3481  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf, "l.laninline::regprocedure AS \"%s\",\n ",
3482  gettext_noop("Inline Handler"));
3483  printACLColumn(&buf, "l.lanacl");
3484  }
3485 
3486  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3487  ",\n d.description AS \"%s\""
3488  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_language l\n"
3489  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description d\n"
3490  " ON d.classoid = l.tableoid AND d.objoid = l.oid\n"
3491  " AND d.objsubid = 0\n",
3492  gettext_noop("Description"));
3493 
3494  if (pattern)
3495  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
3496  NULL, "l.lanname", NULL, NULL);
3497 
3498  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
3499  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE l.lanplcallfoid != 0\n");
3500 
3501 
3502  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
3503 
3504  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3505  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3506  if (!res)
3507  return false;
3508 
3509  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3510  myopt.title = _("List of languages");
3511  myopt.translate_header = true;
3512 
3513  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3514 
3515  PQclear(res);
3516  return true;
3517 }
3518 
3519 
3520 /*
3521  * \dD
3522  *
3523  * Describes domains.
3524  */
3525 bool
3526 listDomains(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
3527 {
3529  PGresult *res;
3530  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3531 
3532  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3533 
3534  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3535  "SELECT n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
3536  " t.typname as \"%s\",\n"
3537  " pg_catalog.format_type(t.typbasetype, t.typtypmod) as \"%s\",\n",
3538  gettext_noop("Schema"),
3539  gettext_noop("Name"),
3540  gettext_noop("Type"));
3541 
3542  if (pset.sversion >= 90100)
3543  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3544  " (SELECT c.collname FROM pg_catalog.pg_collation c, pg_catalog.pg_type bt\n"
3545  " WHERE c.oid = t.typcollation AND bt.oid = t.typbasetype AND t.typcollation <> bt.typcollation) as \"%s\",\n",
3546  gettext_noop("Collation"));
3547  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3548  " CASE WHEN t.typnotnull THEN 'not null' END as \"%s\",\n"
3549  " t.typdefault as \"%s\",\n"
3550  " pg_catalog.array_to_string(ARRAY(\n"
3551  " SELECT pg_catalog.pg_get_constraintdef(r.oid, true) FROM pg_catalog.pg_constraint r WHERE t.oid = r.contypid\n"
3552  " ), ' ') as \"%s\"",
3553  gettext_noop("Nullable"),
3554  gettext_noop("Default"),
3555  gettext_noop("Check"));
3556 
3557  if (verbose)
3558  {
3559  if (pset.sversion >= 90200)
3560  {
3561  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n ");
3562  printACLColumn(&buf, "t.typacl");
3563  }
3564  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3565  ",\n d.description as \"%s\"",
3566  gettext_noop("Description"));
3567  }
3568 
3569  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3570  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_type t\n"
3571  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = t.typnamespace\n");
3572 
3573  if (verbose)
3574  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3575  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description d "
3576  "ON d.classoid = t.tableoid AND d.objoid = t.oid "
3577  "AND d.objsubid = 0\n");
3578 
3579  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE t.typtype = 'd'\n");
3580 
3581  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
3582  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
3583  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
3584 
3585  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
3586  "n.nspname", "t.typname", NULL,
3587  "pg_catalog.pg_type_is_visible(t.oid)");
3588 
3589  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
3590 
3591  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3592  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3593  if (!res)
3594  return false;
3595 
3596  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3597  myopt.title = _("List of domains");
3598  myopt.translate_header = true;
3599 
3600  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3601 
3602  PQclear(res);
3603  return true;
3604 }
3605 
3606 /*
3607  * \dc
3608  *
3609  * Describes conversions.
3610  */
3611 bool
3612 listConversions(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
3613 {
3615  PGresult *res;
3616  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3617  static const bool translate_columns[] =
3618  {false, false, false, false, true, false};
3619 
3620  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3621 
3622  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3623  "SELECT n.nspname AS \"%s\",\n"
3624  " c.conname AS \"%s\",\n"
3625  " pg_catalog.pg_encoding_to_char(c.conforencoding) AS \"%s\",\n"
3626  " pg_catalog.pg_encoding_to_char(c.contoencoding) AS \"%s\",\n"
3627  " CASE WHEN c.condefault THEN '%s'\n"
3628  " ELSE '%s' END AS \"%s\"",
3629  gettext_noop("Schema"),
3630  gettext_noop("Name"),
3631  gettext_noop("Source"),
3632  gettext_noop("Destination"),
3633  gettext_noop("yes"), gettext_noop("no"),
3634  gettext_noop("Default?"));
3635 
3636  if (verbose)
3637  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3638  ",\n d.description AS \"%s\"",
3639  gettext_noop("Description"));
3640 
3641  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3642  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_conversion c\n"
3643  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n "
3644  "ON n.oid = c.connamespace\n");
3645 
3646  if (verbose)
3647  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3648  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description d "
3649  "ON d.classoid = c.tableoid\n"
3650  " AND d.objoid = c.oid "
3651  "AND d.objsubid = 0\n");
3652 
3653  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE true\n");
3654 
3655  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
3656  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
3657  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
3658 
3659  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
3660  "n.nspname", "c.conname", NULL,
3661  "pg_catalog.pg_conversion_is_visible(c.oid)");
3662 
3663  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
3664 
3665  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3666  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3667  if (!res)
3668  return false;
3669 
3670  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3671  myopt.title = _("List of conversions");
3672  myopt.translate_header = true;
3673  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
3674  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
3675 
3676  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3677 
3678  PQclear(res);
3679  return true;
3680 }
3681 
3682 /*
3683  * \dy
3684  *
3685  * Describes Event Triggers.
3686  */
3687 bool
3688 listEventTriggers(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
3689 {
3691  PGresult *res;
3692  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3693  static const bool translate_columns[] =
3694  {false, false, false, true, false, false, false};
3695 
3696  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3697 
3698  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3699  "SELECT evtname as \"%s\", "
3700  "evtevent as \"%s\", "
3701  "pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(e.evtowner) as \"%s\",\n"
3702  " case evtenabled when 'O' then '%s'"
3703  " when 'R' then '%s'"
3704  " when 'A' then '%s'"
3705  " when 'D' then '%s' end as \"%s\",\n"
3706  " e.evtfoid::pg_catalog.regproc as \"%s\", "
3707  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(array(select x"
3708  " from pg_catalog.unnest(evttags) as t(x)), ', ') as \"%s\"",
3709  gettext_noop("Name"),
3710  gettext_noop("Event"),
3711  gettext_noop("Owner"),
3712  gettext_noop("enabled"),
3713  gettext_noop("replica"),
3714  gettext_noop("always"),
3715  gettext_noop("disabled"),
3716  gettext_noop("Enabled"),
3717  gettext_noop("Procedure"),
3718  gettext_noop("Tags"));
3719  if (verbose)
3720  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3721  ",\npg_catalog.obj_description(e.oid, 'pg_event_trigger') as \"%s\"",
3722  gettext_noop("Description"));
3723  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3724  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_event_trigger e ");
3725 
3726  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
3727  NULL, "evtname", NULL, NULL);
3728 
3729  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1");
3730 
3731  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3732  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3733  if (!res)
3734  return false;
3735 
3736  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3737  myopt.title = _("List of event triggers");
3738  myopt.translate_header = true;
3739  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
3740  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
3741 
3742  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3743 
3744  PQclear(res);
3745  return true;
3746 }
3747 
3748 /*
3749  * \dC
3750  *
3751  * Describes casts.
3752  */
3753 bool
3754 listCasts(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
3755 {
3757  PGresult *res;
3758  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3759  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, false, true, false};
3760 
3761  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3762 
3763  /*
3764  * We need a left join to pg_proc for binary casts; the others are just
3765  * paranoia. Also note that we don't attempt to localize '(binary
3766  * coercible)', because there's too much risk of gettext translating a
3767  * function name that happens to match some string in the PO database.
3768  */
3769  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3770  "SELECT pg_catalog.format_type(castsource, NULL) AS \"%s\",\n"
3771  " pg_catalog.format_type(casttarget, NULL) AS \"%s\",\n"
3772  " CASE WHEN castfunc = 0 THEN '(binary coercible)'\n"
3773  " ELSE p.proname\n"
3774  " END as \"%s\",\n"
3775  " CASE WHEN c.castcontext = 'e' THEN '%s'\n"
3776  " WHEN c.castcontext = 'a' THEN '%s'\n"
3777  " ELSE '%s'\n"
3778  " END as \"%s\"",
3779  gettext_noop("Source type"),
3780  gettext_noop("Target type"),
3781  gettext_noop("Function"),
3782  gettext_noop("no"),
3783  gettext_noop("in assignment"),
3784  gettext_noop("yes"),
3785  gettext_noop("Implicit?"));
3786 
3787  if (verbose)
3788  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3789  ",\n d.description AS \"%s\"\n",
3790  gettext_noop("Description"));
3791 
3792  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3793  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_cast c LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_proc p\n"
3794  " ON c.castfunc = p.oid\n"
3795  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_type ts\n"
3796  " ON c.castsource = ts.oid\n"
3797  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace ns\n"
3798  " ON ns.oid = ts.typnamespace\n"
3799  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_type tt\n"
3800  " ON c.casttarget = tt.oid\n"
3801  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace nt\n"
3802  " ON nt.oid = tt.typnamespace\n");
3803 
3804  if (verbose)
3805  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3806  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description d\n"
3807  " ON d.classoid = c.tableoid AND d.objoid = "
3808  "c.oid AND d.objsubid = 0\n");
3809 
3810  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "WHERE ( (true");
3811 
3812  /*
3813  * Match name pattern against either internal or external name of either
3814  * castsource or casttarget
3815  */
3816  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
3817  "ns.nspname", "ts.typname",
3818  "pg_catalog.format_type(ts.oid, NULL)",
3819  "pg_catalog.pg_type_is_visible(ts.oid)");
3820 
3821  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ") OR (true");
3822 
3823  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
3824  "nt.nspname", "tt.typname",
3825  "pg_catalog.format_type(tt.oid, NULL)",
3826  "pg_catalog.pg_type_is_visible(tt.oid)");
3827 
3828  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ") )\nORDER BY 1, 2;");
3829 
3830  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3831  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3832  if (!res)
3833  return false;
3834 
3835  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3836  myopt.title = _("List of casts");
3837  myopt.translate_header = true;
3838  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
3839  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
3840 
3841  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3842 
3843  PQclear(res);
3844  return true;
3845 }
3846 
3847 /*
3848  * \dO
3849  *
3850  * Describes collations.
3851  */
3852 bool
3853 listCollations(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
3854 {
3856  PGresult *res;
3857  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3858  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, false, false, false, false};
3859 
3860  if (pset.sversion < 90100)
3861  {
3862  char sverbuf[32];
3863 
3864  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support collations.\n",
3866  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
3867  return true;
3868  }
3869 
3870  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3871 
3872  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3873  "SELECT n.nspname AS \"%s\",\n"
3874  " c.collname AS \"%s\",\n"
3875  " c.collcollate AS \"%s\",\n"
3876  " c.collctype AS \"%s\"",
3877  gettext_noop("Schema"),
3878  gettext_noop("Name"),
3879  gettext_noop("Collate"),
3880  gettext_noop("Ctype"));
3881 
3882  if (pset.sversion >= 100000)
3883  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3884  ",\n CASE c.collprovider WHEN 'd' THEN 'default' WHEN 'c' THEN 'libc' WHEN 'i' THEN 'icu' END AS \"%s\"",
3885  gettext_noop("Provider"));
3886 
3887  if (verbose)
3888  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3889  ",\n pg_catalog.obj_description(c.oid, 'pg_collation') AS \"%s\"",
3890  gettext_noop("Description"));
3891 
3892  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3893  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_collation c, pg_catalog.pg_namespace n\n"
3894  "WHERE n.oid = c.collnamespace\n");
3895 
3896  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
3897  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
3898  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
3899 
3900  /*
3901  * Hide collations that aren't usable in the current database's encoding.
3902  * If you think to change this, note that pg_collation_is_visible rejects
3903  * unusable collations, so you will need to hack name pattern processing
3904  * somehow to avoid inconsistent behavior.
3905  */
3906  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, " AND c.collencoding IN (-1, pg_catalog.pg_char_to_encoding(pg_catalog.getdatabaseencoding()))\n");
3907 
3908  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
3909  "n.nspname", "c.collname", NULL,
3910  "pg_catalog.pg_collation_is_visible(c.oid)");
3911 
3912  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
3913 
3914  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3915  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3916  if (!res)
3917  return false;
3918 
3919  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3920  myopt.title = _("List of collations");
3921  myopt.translate_header = true;
3922  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
3923  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
3924 
3925  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3926 
3927  PQclear(res);
3928  return true;
3929 }
3930 
3931 /*
3932  * \dn
3933  *
3934  * Describes schemas (namespaces)
3935  */
3936 bool
3937 listSchemas(const char *pattern, bool verbose, bool showSystem)
3938 {
3940  PGresult *res;
3941  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3942 
3943  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3944  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3945  "SELECT n.nspname AS \"%s\",\n"
3946  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(n.nspowner) AS \"%s\"",
3947  gettext_noop("Name"),
3948  gettext_noop("Owner"));
3949 
3950  if (verbose)
3951  {
3952  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n ");
3953  printACLColumn(&buf, "n.nspacl");
3954  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3955  ",\n pg_catalog.obj_description(n.oid, 'pg_namespace') AS \"%s\"",
3956  gettext_noop("Description"));
3957  }
3958 
3959  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
3960  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_namespace n\n");
3961 
3962  if (!showSystem && !pattern)
3963  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
3964  "WHERE n.nspname !~ '^pg_' AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n");
3965 
3966  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern,
3967  !showSystem && !pattern, false,
3968  NULL, "n.nspname", NULL,
3969  NULL);
3970 
3971  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
3972 
3973  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
3974  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
3975  if (!res)
3976  return false;
3977 
3978  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
3979  myopt.title = _("List of schemas");
3980  myopt.translate_header = true;
3981 
3982  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
3983 
3984  PQclear(res);
3985  return true;
3986 }
3987 
3988 
3989 /*
3990  * \dFp
3991  * list text search parsers
3992  */
3993 bool
3994 listTSParsers(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
3995 {
3997  PGresult *res;
3998  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
3999 
4000  if (pset.sversion < 80300)
4001  {
4002  char sverbuf[32];
4003 
4004  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support full text search.\n",
4006  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4007  return true;
4008  }
4009 
4010  if (verbose)
4011  return listTSParsersVerbose(pattern);
4012 
4013  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4014 
4015  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4016  "SELECT\n"
4017  " n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
4018  " p.prsname as \"%s\",\n"
4019  " pg_catalog.obj_description(p.oid, 'pg_ts_parser') as \"%s\"\n"
4020  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser p\n"
4021  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = p.prsnamespace\n",
4022  gettext_noop("Schema"),
4023  gettext_noop("Name"),
4024  gettext_noop("Description")
4025  );
4026 
4027  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4028  "n.nspname", "p.prsname", NULL,
4029  "pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser_is_visible(p.oid)");
4030 
4031  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
4032 
4033  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4034  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4035  if (!res)
4036  return false;
4037 
4038  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4039  myopt.title = _("List of text search parsers");
4040  myopt.translate_header = true;
4041 
4042  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4043 
4044  PQclear(res);
4045  return true;
4046 }
4047 
4048 /*
4049  * full description of parsers
4050  */
4051 static bool
4052 listTSParsersVerbose(const char *pattern)
4053 {
4055  PGresult *res;
4056  int i;
4057 
4058  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4059 
4060  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4061  "SELECT p.oid,\n"
4062  " n.nspname,\n"
4063  " p.prsname\n"
4064  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser p\n"
4065  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = p.prsnamespace\n"
4066  );
4067 
4068  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4069  "n.nspname", "p.prsname", NULL,
4070  "pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser_is_visible(p.oid)");
4071 
4072  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
4073 
4074  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4075  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4076  if (!res)
4077  return false;
4078 
4079  if (PQntuples(res) == 0)
4080  {
4081  if (!pset.quiet)
4082  psql_error("Did not find any text search parser named \"%s\".\n",
4083  pattern);
4084  PQclear(res);
4085  return false;
4086  }
4087 
4088  for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(res); i++)
4089  {
4090  const char *oid;
4091  const char *nspname = NULL;
4092  const char *prsname;
4093 
4094  oid = PQgetvalue(res, i, 0);
4095  if (!PQgetisnull(res, i, 1))
4096  nspname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 1);
4097  prsname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 2);
4098 
4099  if (!describeOneTSParser(oid, nspname, prsname))
4100  {
4101  PQclear(res);
4102  return false;
4103  }
4104 
4105  if (cancel_pressed)
4106  {
4107  PQclear(res);
4108  return false;
4109  }
4110  }
4111 
4112  PQclear(res);
4113  return true;
4114 }
4115 
4116 static bool
4117 describeOneTSParser(const char *oid, const char *nspname, const char *prsname)
4118 {
4120  PGresult *res;
4121  char title[1024];
4122  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4123  static const bool translate_columns[] = {true, false, false};
4124 
4125  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4126 
4127  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4128  "SELECT '%s' AS \"%s\",\n"
4129  " p.prsstart::pg_catalog.regproc AS \"%s\",\n"
4130  " pg_catalog.obj_description(p.prsstart, 'pg_proc') as \"%s\"\n"
4131  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser p\n"
4132  " WHERE p.oid = '%s'\n"
4133  "UNION ALL\n"
4134  "SELECT '%s',\n"
4135  " p.prstoken::pg_catalog.regproc,\n"
4136  " pg_catalog.obj_description(p.prstoken, 'pg_proc')\n"
4137  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser p\n"
4138  " WHERE p.oid = '%s'\n"
4139  "UNION ALL\n"
4140  "SELECT '%s',\n"
4141  " p.prsend::pg_catalog.regproc,\n"
4142  " pg_catalog.obj_description(p.prsend, 'pg_proc')\n"
4143  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser p\n"
4144  " WHERE p.oid = '%s'\n"
4145  "UNION ALL\n"
4146  "SELECT '%s',\n"
4147  " p.prsheadline::pg_catalog.regproc,\n"
4148  " pg_catalog.obj_description(p.prsheadline, 'pg_proc')\n"
4149  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser p\n"
4150  " WHERE p.oid = '%s'\n"
4151  "UNION ALL\n"
4152  "SELECT '%s',\n"
4153  " p.prslextype::pg_catalog.regproc,\n"
4154  " pg_catalog.obj_description(p.prslextype, 'pg_proc')\n"
4155  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser p\n"
4156  " WHERE p.oid = '%s';",
4157  gettext_noop("Start parse"),
4158  gettext_noop("Method"),
4159  gettext_noop("Function"),
4160  gettext_noop("Description"),
4161  oid,
4162  gettext_noop("Get next token"),
4163  oid,
4164  gettext_noop("End parse"),
4165  oid,
4166  gettext_noop("Get headline"),
4167  oid,
4168  gettext_noop("Get token types"),
4169  oid);
4170 
4171  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4172  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4173  if (!res)
4174  return false;
4175 
4176  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4177  if (nspname)
4178  sprintf(title, _("Text search parser \"%s.%s\""), nspname, prsname);
4179  else
4180  sprintf(title, _("Text search parser \"%s\""), prsname);
4181  myopt.title = title;
4182  myopt.footers = NULL;
4183  myopt.topt.default_footer = false;
4184  myopt.translate_header = true;
4185  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
4186  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
4187 
4188  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4189 
4190  PQclear(res);
4191 
4192  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4193 
4194  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4195  "SELECT t.alias as \"%s\",\n"
4196  " t.description as \"%s\"\n"
4197  "FROM pg_catalog.ts_token_type( '%s'::pg_catalog.oid ) as t\n"
4198  "ORDER BY 1;",
4199  gettext_noop("Token name"),
4200  gettext_noop("Description"),
4201  oid);
4202 
4203  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4204  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4205  if (!res)
4206  return false;
4207 
4208  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4209  if (nspname)
4210  sprintf(title, _("Token types for parser \"%s.%s\""), nspname, prsname);
4211  else
4212  sprintf(title, _("Token types for parser \"%s\""), prsname);
4213  myopt.title = title;
4214  myopt.footers = NULL;
4215  myopt.topt.default_footer = true;
4216  myopt.translate_header = true;
4217  myopt.translate_columns = NULL;
4218  myopt.n_translate_columns = 0;
4219 
4220  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4221 
4222  PQclear(res);
4223  return true;
4224 }
4225 
4226 
4227 /*
4228  * \dFd
4229  * list text search dictionaries
4230  */
4231 bool
4232 listTSDictionaries(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
4233 {
4235  PGresult *res;
4236  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4237 
4238  if (pset.sversion < 80300)
4239  {
4240  char sverbuf[32];
4241 
4242  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support full text search.\n",
4244  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4245  return true;
4246  }
4247 
4248  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4249 
4250  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4251  "SELECT\n"
4252  " n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
4253  " d.dictname as \"%s\",\n",
4254  gettext_noop("Schema"),
4255  gettext_noop("Name"));
4256 
4257  if (verbose)
4258  {
4259  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4260  " ( SELECT COALESCE(nt.nspname, '(null)')::pg_catalog.text || '.' || t.tmplname FROM\n"
4261  " pg_catalog.pg_ts_template t\n"
4262  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace nt ON nt.oid = t.tmplnamespace\n"
4263  " WHERE d.dicttemplate = t.oid ) AS \"%s\",\n"
4264  " d.dictinitoption as \"%s\",\n",
4265  gettext_noop("Template"),
4266  gettext_noop("Init options"));
4267  }
4268 
4269  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4270  " pg_catalog.obj_description(d.oid, 'pg_ts_dict') as \"%s\"\n",
4271  gettext_noop("Description"));
4272 
4273  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_dict d\n"
4274  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = d.dictnamespace\n");
4275 
4276  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4277  "n.nspname", "d.dictname", NULL,
4278  "pg_catalog.pg_ts_dict_is_visible(d.oid)");
4279 
4280  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
4281 
4282  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4283  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4284  if (!res)
4285  return false;
4286 
4287  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4288  myopt.title = _("List of text search dictionaries");
4289  myopt.translate_header = true;
4290 
4291  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4292 
4293  PQclear(res);
4294  return true;
4295 }
4296 
4297 
4298 /*
4299  * \dFt
4300  * list text search templates
4301  */
4302 bool
4303 listTSTemplates(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
4304 {
4306  PGresult *res;
4307  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4308 
4309  if (pset.sversion < 80300)
4310  {
4311  char sverbuf[32];
4312 
4313  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support full text search.\n",
4315  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4316  return true;
4317  }
4318 
4319  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4320 
4321  if (verbose)
4322  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4323  "SELECT\n"
4324  " n.nspname AS \"%s\",\n"
4325  " t.tmplname AS \"%s\",\n"
4326  " t.tmplinit::pg_catalog.regproc AS \"%s\",\n"
4327  " t.tmpllexize::pg_catalog.regproc AS \"%s\",\n"
4328  " pg_catalog.obj_description(t.oid, 'pg_ts_template') AS \"%s\"\n",
4329  gettext_noop("Schema"),
4330  gettext_noop("Name"),
4331  gettext_noop("Init"),
4332  gettext_noop("Lexize"),
4333  gettext_noop("Description"));
4334  else
4335  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4336  "SELECT\n"
4337  " n.nspname AS \"%s\",\n"
4338  " t.tmplname AS \"%s\",\n"
4339  " pg_catalog.obj_description(t.oid, 'pg_ts_template') AS \"%s\"\n",
4340  gettext_noop("Schema"),
4341  gettext_noop("Name"),
4342  gettext_noop("Description"));
4343 
4344  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_template t\n"
4345  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = t.tmplnamespace\n");
4346 
4347  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4348  "n.nspname", "t.tmplname", NULL,
4349  "pg_catalog.pg_ts_template_is_visible(t.oid)");
4350 
4351  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
4352 
4353  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4354  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4355  if (!res)
4356  return false;
4357 
4358  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4359  myopt.title = _("List of text search templates");
4360  myopt.translate_header = true;
4361 
4362  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4363 
4364  PQclear(res);
4365  return true;
4366 }
4367 
4368 
4369 /*
4370  * \dF
4371  * list text search configurations
4372  */
4373 bool
4374 listTSConfigs(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
4375 {
4377  PGresult *res;
4378  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4379 
4380  if (pset.sversion < 80300)
4381  {
4382  char sverbuf[32];
4383 
4384  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support full text search.\n",
4386  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4387  return true;
4388  }
4389 
4390  if (verbose)
4391  return listTSConfigsVerbose(pattern);
4392 
4393  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4394 
4395  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4396  "SELECT\n"
4397  " n.nspname as \"%s\",\n"
4398  " c.cfgname as \"%s\",\n"
4399  " pg_catalog.obj_description(c.oid, 'pg_ts_config') as \"%s\"\n"
4400  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_config c\n"
4401  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.cfgnamespace\n",
4402  gettext_noop("Schema"),
4403  gettext_noop("Name"),
4404  gettext_noop("Description")
4405  );
4406 
4407  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4408  "n.nspname", "c.cfgname", NULL,
4409  "pg_catalog.pg_ts_config_is_visible(c.oid)");
4410 
4411  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
4412 
4413  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4414  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4415  if (!res)
4416  return false;
4417 
4418  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4419  myopt.title = _("List of text search configurations");
4420  myopt.translate_header = true;
4421 
4422  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4423 
4424  PQclear(res);
4425  return true;
4426 }
4427 
4428 static bool
4429 listTSConfigsVerbose(const char *pattern)
4430 {
4432  PGresult *res;
4433  int i;
4434 
4435  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4436 
4437  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4438  "SELECT c.oid, c.cfgname,\n"
4439  " n.nspname,\n"
4440  " p.prsname,\n"
4441  " np.nspname as pnspname\n"
4442  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_config c\n"
4443  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.cfgnamespace,\n"
4444  " pg_catalog.pg_ts_parser p\n"
4445  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace np ON np.oid = p.prsnamespace\n"
4446  "WHERE p.oid = c.cfgparser\n"
4447  );
4448 
4449  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
4450  "n.nspname", "c.cfgname", NULL,
4451  "pg_catalog.pg_ts_config_is_visible(c.oid)");
4452 
4453  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 3, 2;");
4454 
4455  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4456  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4457  if (!res)
4458  return false;
4459 
4460  if (PQntuples(res) == 0)
4461  {
4462  if (!pset.quiet)
4463  psql_error("Did not find any text search configuration named \"%s\".\n",
4464  pattern);
4465  PQclear(res);
4466  return false;
4467  }
4468 
4469  for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(res); i++)
4470  {
4471  const char *oid;
4472  const char *cfgname;
4473  const char *nspname = NULL;
4474  const char *prsname;
4475  const char *pnspname = NULL;
4476 
4477  oid = PQgetvalue(res, i, 0);
4478  cfgname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 1);
4479  if (!PQgetisnull(res, i, 2))
4480  nspname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 2);
4481  prsname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 3);
4482  if (!PQgetisnull(res, i, 4))
4483  pnspname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 4);
4484 
4485  if (!describeOneTSConfig(oid, nspname, cfgname, pnspname, prsname))
4486  {
4487  PQclear(res);
4488  return false;
4489  }
4490 
4491  if (cancel_pressed)
4492  {
4493  PQclear(res);
4494  return false;
4495  }
4496  }
4497 
4498  PQclear(res);
4499  return true;
4500 }
4501 
4502 static bool
4503 describeOneTSConfig(const char *oid, const char *nspname, const char *cfgname,
4504  const char *pnspname, const char *prsname)
4505 {
4507  title;
4508  PGresult *res;
4509  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4510 
4511  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4512 
4513  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4514  "SELECT\n"
4515  " ( SELECT t.alias FROM\n"
4516  " pg_catalog.ts_token_type(c.cfgparser) AS t\n"
4517  " WHERE t.tokid = m.maptokentype ) AS \"%s\",\n"
4518  " pg_catalog.btrim(\n"
4519  " ARRAY( SELECT mm.mapdict::pg_catalog.regdictionary\n"
4520  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_config_map AS mm\n"
4521  " WHERE mm.mapcfg = m.mapcfg AND mm.maptokentype = m.maptokentype\n"
4522  " ORDER BY mapcfg, maptokentype, mapseqno\n"
4523  " ) :: pg_catalog.text,\n"
4524  " '{}') AS \"%s\"\n"
4525  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_ts_config AS c, pg_catalog.pg_ts_config_map AS m\n"
4526  "WHERE c.oid = '%s' AND m.mapcfg = c.oid\n"
4527  "GROUP BY m.mapcfg, m.maptokentype, c.cfgparser\n"
4528  "ORDER BY 1;",
4529  gettext_noop("Token"),
4530  gettext_noop("Dictionaries"),
4531  oid);
4532 
4533  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4534  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4535  if (!res)
4536  return false;
4537 
4538  initPQExpBuffer(&title);
4539 
4540  if (nspname)
4541  appendPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Text search configuration \"%s.%s\""),
4542  nspname, cfgname);
4543  else
4544  appendPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Text search configuration \"%s\""),
4545  cfgname);
4546 
4547  if (pnspname)
4548  appendPQExpBuffer(&title, _("\nParser: \"%s.%s\""),
4549  pnspname, prsname);
4550  else
4551  appendPQExpBuffer(&title, _("\nParser: \"%s\""),
4552  prsname);
4553 
4554  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4555  myopt.title = title.data;
4556  myopt.footers = NULL;
4557  myopt.topt.default_footer = false;
4558  myopt.translate_header = true;
4559 
4560  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4561 
4562  termPQExpBuffer(&title);
4563 
4564  PQclear(res);
4565  return true;
4566 }
4567 
4568 
4569 /*
4570  * \dew
4571  *
4572  * Describes foreign-data wrappers
4573  */
4574 bool
4575 listForeignDataWrappers(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
4576 {
4578  PGresult *res;
4579  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4580 
4581  if (pset.sversion < 80400)
4582  {
4583  char sverbuf[32];
4584 
4585  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support foreign-data wrappers.\n",
4587  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4588  return true;
4589  }
4590 
4591  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4592  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4593  "SELECT fdw.fdwname AS \"%s\",\n"
4594  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(fdw.fdwowner) AS \"%s\",\n",
4595  gettext_noop("Name"),
4596  gettext_noop("Owner"));
4597  if (pset.sversion >= 90100)
4598  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4599  " fdw.fdwhandler::pg_catalog.regproc AS \"%s\",\n",
4600  gettext_noop("Handler"));
4601  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4602  " fdw.fdwvalidator::pg_catalog.regproc AS \"%s\"",
4603  gettext_noop("Validator"));
4604 
4605  if (verbose)
4606  {
4607  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n ");
4608  printACLColumn(&buf, "fdwacl");
4609  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4610  ",\n CASE WHEN fdwoptions IS NULL THEN '' ELSE "
4611  " '(' || array_to_string(ARRAY(SELECT "
4612  " quote_ident(option_name) || ' ' || "
4613  " quote_literal(option_value) FROM "
4614  " pg_options_to_table(fdwoptions)), ', ') || ')' "
4615  " END AS \"%s\"",
4616  gettext_noop("FDW Options"));
4617 
4618  if (pset.sversion >= 90100)
4619  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4620  ",\n d.description AS \"%s\" ",
4621  gettext_noop("Description"));
4622  }
4623 
4624  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_foreign_data_wrapper fdw\n");
4625 
4626  if (verbose && pset.sversion >= 90100)
4627  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
4628  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description d\n"
4629  " ON d.classoid = fdw.tableoid "
4630  "AND d.objoid = fdw.oid AND d.objsubid = 0\n");
4631 
4632  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4633  NULL, "fdwname", NULL, NULL);
4634 
4635  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
4636 
4637  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4638  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4639  if (!res)
4640  return false;
4641 
4642  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4643  myopt.title = _("List of foreign-data wrappers");
4644  myopt.translate_header = true;
4645 
4646  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4647 
4648  PQclear(res);
4649  return true;
4650 }
4651 
4652 /*
4653  * \des
4654  *
4655  * Describes foreign servers.
4656  */
4657 bool
4658 listForeignServers(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
4659 {
4661  PGresult *res;
4662  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4663 
4664  if (pset.sversion < 80400)
4665  {
4666  char sverbuf[32];
4667 
4668  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support foreign servers.\n",
4670  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4671  return true;
4672  }
4673 
4674  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4675  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4676  "SELECT s.srvname AS \"%s\",\n"
4677  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(s.srvowner) AS \"%s\",\n"
4678  " f.fdwname AS \"%s\"",
4679  gettext_noop("Name"),
4680  gettext_noop("Owner"),
4681  gettext_noop("Foreign-data wrapper"));
4682 
4683  if (verbose)
4684  {
4685  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, ",\n ");
4686  printACLColumn(&buf, "s.srvacl");
4687  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4688  ",\n"
4689  " s.srvtype AS \"%s\",\n"
4690  " s.srvversion AS \"%s\",\n"
4691  " CASE WHEN srvoptions IS NULL THEN '' ELSE "
4692  " '(' || array_to_string(ARRAY(SELECT "
4693  " quote_ident(option_name) || ' ' || "
4694  " quote_literal(option_value) FROM "
4695  " pg_options_to_table(srvoptions)), ', ') || ')' "
4696  " END AS \"%s\",\n"
4697  " d.description AS \"%s\"",
4698  gettext_noop("Type"),
4699  gettext_noop("Version"),
4700  gettext_noop("FDW Options"),
4701  gettext_noop("Description"));
4702  }
4703 
4704  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
4705  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_foreign_server s\n"
4706  " JOIN pg_catalog.pg_foreign_data_wrapper f ON f.oid=s.srvfdw\n");
4707 
4708  if (verbose)
4709  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
4710  "LEFT JOIN pg_description d\n "
4711  "ON d.classoid = s.tableoid AND d.objoid = s.oid "
4712  "AND d.objsubid = 0\n");
4713 
4714  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4715  NULL, "s.srvname", NULL, NULL);
4716 
4717  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
4718 
4719  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4720  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4721  if (!res)
4722  return false;
4723 
4724  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4725  myopt.title = _("List of foreign servers");
4726  myopt.translate_header = true;
4727 
4728  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4729 
4730  PQclear(res);
4731  return true;
4732 }
4733 
4734 /*
4735  * \deu
4736  *
4737  * Describes user mappings.
4738  */
4739 bool
4740 listUserMappings(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
4741 {
4743  PGresult *res;
4744  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4745 
4746  if (pset.sversion < 80400)
4747  {
4748  char sverbuf[32];
4749 
4750  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support user mappings.\n",
4752  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4753  return true;
4754  }
4755 
4756  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4757  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4758  "SELECT um.srvname AS \"%s\",\n"
4759  " um.usename AS \"%s\"",
4760  gettext_noop("Server"),
4761  gettext_noop("User name"));
4762 
4763  if (verbose)
4764  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4765  ",\n CASE WHEN umoptions IS NULL THEN '' ELSE "
4766  " '(' || array_to_string(ARRAY(SELECT "
4767  " quote_ident(option_name) || ' ' || "
4768  " quote_literal(option_value) FROM "
4769  " pg_options_to_table(umoptions)), ', ') || ')' "
4770  " END AS \"%s\"",
4771  gettext_noop("FDW Options"));
4772 
4773  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_user_mappings um\n");
4774 
4775  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4776  NULL, "um.srvname", "um.usename", NULL);
4777 
4778  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
4779 
4780  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4781  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4782  if (!res)
4783  return false;
4784 
4785  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4786  myopt.title = _("List of user mappings");
4787  myopt.translate_header = true;
4788 
4789  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4790 
4791  PQclear(res);
4792  return true;
4793 }
4794 
4795 /*
4796  * \det
4797  *
4798  * Describes foreign tables.
4799  */
4800 bool
4801 listForeignTables(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
4802 {
4804  PGresult *res;
4805  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4806 
4807  if (pset.sversion < 90100)
4808  {
4809  char sverbuf[32];
4810 
4811  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support foreign tables.\n",
4813  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4814  return true;
4815  }
4816 
4817  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4818  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4819  "SELECT n.nspname AS \"%s\",\n"
4820  " c.relname AS \"%s\",\n"
4821  " s.srvname AS \"%s\"",
4822  gettext_noop("Schema"),
4823  gettext_noop("Table"),
4824  gettext_noop("Server"));
4825 
4826  if (verbose)
4827  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4828  ",\n CASE WHEN ftoptions IS NULL THEN '' ELSE "
4829  " '(' || array_to_string(ARRAY(SELECT "
4830  " quote_ident(option_name) || ' ' || "
4831  " quote_literal(option_value) FROM "
4832  " pg_options_to_table(ftoptions)), ', ') || ')' "
4833  " END AS \"%s\",\n"
4834  " d.description AS \"%s\"",
4835  gettext_noop("FDW Options"),
4836  gettext_noop("Description"));
4837 
4838  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
4839  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_foreign_table ft\n"
4840  " INNER JOIN pg_catalog.pg_class c"
4841  " ON c.oid = ft.ftrelid\n"
4842  " INNER JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n"
4843  " ON n.oid = c.relnamespace\n"
4844  " INNER JOIN pg_catalog.pg_foreign_server s"
4845  " ON s.oid = ft.ftserver\n");
4846  if (verbose)
4847  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
4848  " LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description d\n"
4849  " ON d.classoid = c.tableoid AND "
4850  "d.objoid = c.oid AND d.objsubid = 0\n");
4851 
4852  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
4853  "n.nspname", "c.relname", NULL,
4854  "pg_catalog.pg_table_is_visible(c.oid)");
4855 
4856  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1, 2;");
4857 
4858  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4859  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4860  if (!res)
4861  return false;
4862 
4863  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4864  myopt.title = _("List of foreign tables");
4865  myopt.translate_header = true;
4866 
4867  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4868 
4869  PQclear(res);
4870  return true;
4871 }
4872 
4873 /*
4874  * \dx
4875  *
4876  * Briefly describes installed extensions.
4877  */
4878 bool
4879 listExtensions(const char *pattern)
4880 {
4882  PGresult *res;
4883  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
4884 
4885  if (pset.sversion < 90100)
4886  {
4887  char sverbuf[32];
4888 
4889  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support extensions.\n",
4891  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4892  return true;
4893  }
4894 
4895  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4896  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4897  "SELECT e.extname AS \"%s\", "
4898  "e.extversion AS \"%s\", n.nspname AS \"%s\", c.description AS \"%s\"\n"
4899  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_extension e "
4900  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace n ON n.oid = e.extnamespace "
4901  "LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description c ON c.objoid = e.oid "
4902  "AND c.classoid = 'pg_catalog.pg_extension'::pg_catalog.regclass\n",
4903  gettext_noop("Name"),
4904  gettext_noop("Version"),
4905  gettext_noop("Schema"),
4906  gettext_noop("Description"));
4907 
4908  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern,
4909  false, false,
4910  NULL, "e.extname", NULL,
4911  NULL);
4912 
4913  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
4914 
4915  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4916  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4917  if (!res)
4918  return false;
4919 
4920  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
4921  myopt.title = _("List of installed extensions");
4922  myopt.translate_header = true;
4923 
4924  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
4925 
4926  PQclear(res);
4927  return true;
4928 }
4929 
4930 /*
4931  * \dx+
4932  *
4933  * List contents of installed extensions.
4934  */
4935 bool
4936 listExtensionContents(const char *pattern)
4937 {
4939  PGresult *res;
4940  int i;
4941 
4942  if (pset.sversion < 90100)
4943  {
4944  char sverbuf[32];
4945 
4946  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support extensions.\n",
4948  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
4949  return true;
4950  }
4951 
4952  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4953  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
4954  "SELECT e.extname, e.oid\n"
4955  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_extension e\n");
4956 
4957  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern,
4958  false, false,
4959  NULL, "e.extname", NULL,
4960  NULL);
4961 
4962  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
4963 
4964  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
4965  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
4966  if (!res)
4967  return false;
4968 
4969  if (PQntuples(res) == 0)
4970  {
4971  if (!pset.quiet)
4972  {
4973  if (pattern)
4974  psql_error("Did not find any extension named \"%s\".\n",
4975  pattern);
4976  else
4977  psql_error("Did not find any extensions.\n");
4978  }
4979  PQclear(res);
4980  return false;
4981  }
4982 
4983  for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(res); i++)
4984  {
4985  const char *extname;
4986  const char *oid;
4987 
4988  extname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 0);
4989  oid = PQgetvalue(res, i, 1);
4990 
4991  if (!listOneExtensionContents(extname, oid))
4992  {
4993  PQclear(res);
4994  return false;
4995  }
4996  if (cancel_pressed)
4997  {
4998  PQclear(res);
4999  return false;
5000  }
5001  }
5002 
5003  PQclear(res);
5004  return true;
5005 }
5006 
5007 static bool
5008 listOneExtensionContents(const char *extname, const char *oid)
5009 {
5011  PGresult *res;
5012  char title[1024];
5013  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
5014 
5015  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5016  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
5017  "SELECT pg_catalog.pg_describe_object(classid, objid, 0) AS \"%s\"\n"
5018  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_depend\n"
5019  "WHERE refclassid = 'pg_catalog.pg_extension'::pg_catalog.regclass AND refobjid = '%s' AND deptype = 'e'\n"
5020  "ORDER BY 1;",
5021  gettext_noop("Object Description"),
5022  oid);
5023 
5024  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
5025  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5026  if (!res)
5027  return false;
5028 
5029  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
5030  snprintf(title, sizeof(title), _("Objects in extension \"%s\""), extname);
5031  myopt.title = title;
5032  myopt.translate_header = true;
5033 
5034  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
5035 
5036  PQclear(res);
5037  return true;
5038 }
5039 
5040 /* \dRp
5041  * Lists publications.
5042  *
5043  * Takes an optional regexp to select particular publications
5044  */
5045 bool
5046 listPublications(const char *pattern)
5047 {
5049  PGresult *res;
5050  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
5051  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, false, false, false};
5052 
5053  if (pset.sversion < 100000)
5054  {
5055  char sverbuf[32];
5056 
5057  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support publications.\n",
5059  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
5060  return true;
5061  }
5062 
5063  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5064 
5065  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
5066  "SELECT pubname AS \"%s\",\n"
5067  " pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(pubowner) AS \"%s\",\n"
5068  " pubinsert AS \"%s\",\n"
5069  " pubupdate AS \"%s\",\n"
5070  " pubdelete AS \"%s\"\n",
5071  gettext_noop("Name"),
5072  gettext_noop("Owner"),
5073  gettext_noop("Inserts"),
5074  gettext_noop("Updates"),
5075  gettext_noop("Deletes"));
5076 
5077  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
5078  "\nFROM pg_catalog.pg_publication\n");
5079 
5080  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
5081  NULL, "pubname", NULL,
5082  NULL);
5083 
5084  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
5085 
5086  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
5087  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5088  if (!res)
5089  return false;
5090 
5091  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
5092  myopt.title = _("List of publications");
5093  myopt.translate_header = true;
5094  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
5095  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
5096 
5097  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
5098 
5099  PQclear(res);
5100 
5101  return true;
5102 }
5103 
5104 /* \dRp+
5105  * Describes publications including the contents.
5106  *
5107  * Takes an optional regexp to select particular publications
5108  */
5109 bool
5110 describePublications(const char *pattern)
5111 {
5113  int i;
5114  PGresult *res;
5115 
5116  if (pset.sversion < 100000)
5117  {
5118  char sverbuf[32];
5119 
5120  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support publications.\n",
5122  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
5123  return true;
5124  }
5125 
5126  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5127 
5128  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
5129  "SELECT oid, pubname, puballtables, pubinsert,\n"
5130  " pubupdate, pubdelete\n"
5131  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_publication\n");
5132 
5133  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, false, false,
5134  NULL, "pubname", NULL,
5135  NULL);
5136 
5137  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 2;");
5138 
5139  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
5140  if (!res)
5141  {
5142  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5143  return false;
5144  }
5145 
5146  for (i = 0; i < PQntuples(res); i++)
5147  {
5148  const char align = 'l';
5149  int ncols = 3;
5150  int nrows = 1;
5151  int tables = 0;
5152  PGresult *tabres;
5153  char *pubid = PQgetvalue(res, i, 0);
5154  char *pubname = PQgetvalue(res, i, 1);
5155  bool puballtables = strcmp(PQgetvalue(res, i, 2), "t") == 0;
5156  int j;
5157  PQExpBufferData title;
5158  printTableOpt myopt = pset.popt.topt;
5159  printTableContent cont;
5160 
5161  initPQExpBuffer(&title);
5162  printfPQExpBuffer(&title, _("Publication %s"), pubname);
5163  printTableInit(&cont, &myopt, title.data, ncols, nrows);
5164 
5165  printTableAddHeader(&cont, gettext_noop("Inserts"), true, align);
5166  printTableAddHeader(&cont, gettext_noop("Updates"), true, align);
5167  printTableAddHeader(&cont, gettext_noop("Deletes"), true, align);
5168 
5169  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 3), false, false);
5170  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 4), false, false);
5171  printTableAddCell(&cont, PQgetvalue(res, i, 5), false, false);
5172 
5173  if (puballtables)
5174  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
5175  "SELECT n.nspname, c.relname\n"
5176  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c,\n"
5177  " pg_catalog.pg_namespace n\n"
5178  "WHERE c.relnamespace = n.oid\n"
5179  " AND c.relkind = " CppAsString2(RELKIND_RELATION) "\n"
5180  " AND n.nspname <> 'pg_catalog'\n"
5181  " AND n.nspname <> 'information_schema'\n"
5182  "ORDER BY 1,2");
5183  else
5184  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
5185  "SELECT n.nspname, c.relname\n"
5186  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_class c,\n"
5187  " pg_catalog.pg_namespace n,\n"
5188  " pg_catalog.pg_publication_rel pr\n"
5189  "WHERE c.relnamespace = n.oid\n"
5190  " AND c.oid = pr.prrelid\n"
5191  " AND pr.prpubid = '%s'\n"
5192  "ORDER BY 1,2", pubid);
5193 
5194  tabres = PSQLexec(buf.data);
5195  if (!tabres)
5196  {
5197  printTableCleanup(&cont);
5198  PQclear(res);
5199  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5200  termPQExpBuffer(&title);
5201  return false;
5202  }
5203  else
5204  tables = PQntuples(tabres);
5205 
5206  if (tables > 0)
5207  printTableAddFooter(&cont, _("Tables:"));
5208 
5209  for (j = 0; j < tables; j++)
5210  {
5211  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf, " \"%s.%s\"",
5212  PQgetvalue(tabres, j, 0),
5213  PQgetvalue(tabres, j, 1));
5214 
5215  printTableAddFooter(&cont, buf.data);
5216  }
5217  PQclear(tabres);
5218 
5219  printTable(&cont, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
5220  printTableCleanup(&cont);
5221 
5222  termPQExpBuffer(&title);
5223  }
5224 
5225  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5226  PQclear(res);
5227 
5228  return true;
5229 }
5230 
5231 /* \dRs
5232  * Describes subscriptions.
5233  *
5234  * Takes an optional regexp to select particular subscriptions
5235  */
5236 bool
5237 describeSubscriptions(const char *pattern, bool verbose)
5238 {
5240  PGresult *res;
5241  printQueryOpt myopt = pset.popt;
5242  static const bool translate_columns[] = {false, false, false, false,
5243  false, false};
5244 
5245  if (pset.sversion < 100000)
5246  {
5247  char sverbuf[32];
5248 
5249  psql_error("The server (version %s) does not support subscriptions.\n",
5251  sverbuf, sizeof(sverbuf)));
5252  return true;
5253  }
5254 
5255  initPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5256 
5257  printfPQExpBuffer(&buf,
5258  "SELECT subname AS \"%s\"\n"
5259  ", pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(subowner) AS \"%s\"\n"
5260  ", subenabled AS \"%s\"\n"
5261  ", subpublications AS \"%s\"\n",
5262  gettext_noop("Name"),
5263  gettext_noop("Owner"),
5264  gettext_noop("Enabled"),
5265  gettext_noop("Publication"));
5266 
5267  if (verbose)
5268  {
5269  appendPQExpBuffer(&buf,
5270  ", subsynccommit AS \"%s\"\n"
5271  ", subconninfo AS \"%s\"\n",
5272  gettext_noop("Synchronous commit"),
5273  gettext_noop("Conninfo"));
5274  }
5275 
5276  /* Only display subscriptions in current database. */
5277  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf,
5278  "FROM pg_catalog.pg_subscription\n"
5279  "WHERE subdbid = (SELECT oid\n"
5280  " FROM pg_catalog.pg_database\n"
5281  " WHERE datname = current_database())");
5282 
5283  processSQLNamePattern(pset.db, &buf, pattern, true, false,
5284  NULL, "subname", NULL,
5285  NULL);
5286 
5287  appendPQExpBufferStr(&buf, "ORDER BY 1;");
5288 
5289  res = PSQLexec(buf.data);
5290  termPQExpBuffer(&buf);
5291  if (!res)
5292  return false;
5293 
5294  myopt.nullPrint = NULL;
5295  myopt.title = _("List of subscriptions");
5296  myopt.translate_header = true;
5297  myopt.translate_columns = translate_columns;
5298  myopt.n_translate_columns = lengthof(translate_columns);
5299 
5300  printQuery(res, &myopt, pset.queryFout, false, pset.logfile);
5301 
5302  PQclear(res);
5303  return true;
5304 }
5305 
5306 /*
5307  * printACLColumn
5308  *
5309  * Helper function for consistently formatting ACL (privilege) columns.
5310  * The proper targetlist entry is appended to buf. Note lack of any
5311  * whitespace or comma decoration.
5312  */
5313 static void
5314 printACLColumn(PQExpBuffer buf, const char *colname)
5315 {
5316  if (pset.sversion >= 80100)
5317  appendPQExpBuffer(buf,
5318  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(%s, E'\\n') AS \"%s\"",
5319  colname, gettext_noop("Access privileges"));
5320  else
5321  appendPQExpBuffer(buf,
5322  "pg_catalog.array_to_string(%s, '\\n') AS \"%s\"",
5323  colname, gettext_noop("Access privileges"));
5324 }
signed short int16
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int snprintf(char *str, size_t count, const char *fmt,...) pg_attribute_printf(3
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