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name.c
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1 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
2  *
3  * name.c
4  * Functions for the built-in type "name".
5  *
6  * name replaces char16 and is carefully implemented so that it
7  * is a string of physical length NAMEDATALEN.
8  * DO NOT use hard-coded constants anywhere
9  * always use NAMEDATALEN as the symbolic constant! - jolly 8/21/95
10  *
11  *
12  * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2023, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
13  * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
14  *
15  *
16  * IDENTIFICATION
17  * src/backend/utils/adt/name.c
18  *
19  *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
20  */
21 #include "postgres.h"
22 
23 #include "catalog/namespace.h"
24 #include "catalog/pg_collation.h"
25 #include "catalog/pg_type.h"
26 #include "libpq/pqformat.h"
27 #include "mb/pg_wchar.h"
28 #include "miscadmin.h"
29 #include "utils/array.h"
30 #include "utils/builtins.h"
31 #include "utils/lsyscache.h"
32 #include "utils/varlena.h"
33 
34 
35 /*****************************************************************************
36  * USER I/O ROUTINES (none) *
37  *****************************************************************************/
38 
39 
40 /*
41  * namein - converts "..." to internal representation
42  *
43  * Note:
44  * [Old] Currently if strlen(s) < NAMEDATALEN, the extra chars are nulls
45  * Now, always NULL terminated
46  */
47 Datum
49 {
50  char *s = PG_GETARG_CSTRING(0);
51  Name result;
52  int len;
53 
54  len = strlen(s);
55 
56  /* Truncate oversize input */
57  if (len >= NAMEDATALEN)
58  len = pg_mbcliplen(s, len, NAMEDATALEN - 1);
59 
60  /* We use palloc0 here to ensure result is zero-padded */
61  result = (Name) palloc0(NAMEDATALEN);
62  memcpy(NameStr(*result), s, len);
63 
64  PG_RETURN_NAME(result);
65 }
66 
67 /*
68  * nameout - converts internal representation to "..."
69  */
70 Datum
72 {
73  Name s = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
74 
76 }
77 
78 /*
79  * namerecv - converts external binary format to name
80  */
81 Datum
83 {
85  Name result;
86  char *str;
87  int nbytes;
88 
89  str = pq_getmsgtext(buf, buf->len - buf->cursor, &nbytes);
90  if (nbytes >= NAMEDATALEN)
91  ereport(ERROR,
92  (errcode(ERRCODE_NAME_TOO_LONG),
93  errmsg("identifier too long"),
94  errdetail("Identifier must be less than %d characters.",
95  NAMEDATALEN)));
96  result = (NameData *) palloc0(NAMEDATALEN);
97  memcpy(result, str, nbytes);
98  pfree(str);
99  PG_RETURN_NAME(result);
100 }
101 
102 /*
103  * namesend - converts name to binary format
104  */
105 Datum
107 {
108  Name s = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
110 
112  pq_sendtext(&buf, NameStr(*s), strlen(NameStr(*s)));
114 }
115 
116 
117 /*****************************************************************************
118  * COMPARISON/SORTING ROUTINES *
119  *****************************************************************************/
120 
121 /*
122  * nameeq - returns 1 iff arguments are equal
123  * namene - returns 1 iff arguments are not equal
124  * namelt - returns 1 iff a < b
125  * namele - returns 1 iff a <= b
126  * namegt - returns 1 iff a > b
127  * namege - returns 1 iff a >= b
128  *
129  * Note that the use of strncmp with NAMEDATALEN limit is mostly historical;
130  * strcmp would do as well, because we do not allow NAME values that don't
131  * have a '\0' terminator. Whatever might be past the terminator is not
132  * considered relevant to comparisons.
133  */
134 static int
135 namecmp(Name arg1, Name arg2, Oid collid)
136 {
137  /* Fast path for common case used in system catalogs */
138  if (collid == C_COLLATION_OID)
139  return strncmp(NameStr(*arg1), NameStr(*arg2), NAMEDATALEN);
140 
141  /* Else rely on the varstr infrastructure */
142  return varstr_cmp(NameStr(*arg1), strlen(NameStr(*arg1)),
143  NameStr(*arg2), strlen(NameStr(*arg2)),
144  collid);
145 }
146 
147 Datum
149 {
150  Name arg1 = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
151  Name arg2 = PG_GETARG_NAME(1);
152 
153  PG_RETURN_BOOL(namecmp(arg1, arg2, PG_GET_COLLATION()) == 0);
154 }
155 
156 Datum
158 {
159  Name arg1 = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
160  Name arg2 = PG_GETARG_NAME(1);
161 
162  PG_RETURN_BOOL(namecmp(arg1, arg2, PG_GET_COLLATION()) != 0);
163 }
164 
165 Datum
167 {
168  Name arg1 = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
169  Name arg2 = PG_GETARG_NAME(1);
170 
171  PG_RETURN_BOOL(namecmp(arg1, arg2, PG_GET_COLLATION()) < 0);
172 }
173 
174 Datum
176 {
177  Name arg1 = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
178  Name arg2 = PG_GETARG_NAME(1);
179 
180  PG_RETURN_BOOL(namecmp(arg1, arg2, PG_GET_COLLATION()) <= 0);
181 }
182 
183 Datum
185 {
186  Name arg1 = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
187  Name arg2 = PG_GETARG_NAME(1);
188 
189  PG_RETURN_BOOL(namecmp(arg1, arg2, PG_GET_COLLATION()) > 0);
190 }
191 
192 Datum
194 {
195  Name arg1 = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
196  Name arg2 = PG_GETARG_NAME(1);
197 
198  PG_RETURN_BOOL(namecmp(arg1, arg2, PG_GET_COLLATION()) >= 0);
199 }
200 
201 Datum
203 {
204  Name arg1 = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
205  Name arg2 = PG_GETARG_NAME(1);
206 
207  PG_RETURN_INT32(namecmp(arg1, arg2, PG_GET_COLLATION()));
208 }
209 
210 Datum
212 {
214  Oid collid = ssup->ssup_collation;
215  MemoryContext oldcontext;
216 
217  oldcontext = MemoryContextSwitchTo(ssup->ssup_cxt);
218 
219  /* Use generic string SortSupport */
220  varstr_sortsupport(ssup, NAMEOID, collid);
221 
222  MemoryContextSwitchTo(oldcontext);
223 
224  PG_RETURN_VOID();
225 }
226 
227 
228 /*****************************************************************************
229  * MISCELLANEOUS PUBLIC ROUTINES *
230  *****************************************************************************/
231 
232 void
233 namestrcpy(Name name, const char *str)
234 {
235  /* NB: We need to zero-pad the destination. */
236  strncpy(NameStr(*name), str, NAMEDATALEN);
237  NameStr(*name)[NAMEDATALEN - 1] = '\0';
238 }
239 
240 /*
241  * Compare a NAME to a C string
242  *
243  * Assumes C collation always; be careful when using this for
244  * anything but equality checks!
245  */
246 int
247 namestrcmp(Name name, const char *str)
248 {
249  if (!name && !str)
250  return 0;
251  if (!name)
252  return -1; /* NULL < anything */
253  if (!str)
254  return 1; /* NULL < anything */
255  return strncmp(NameStr(*name), str, NAMEDATALEN);
256 }
257 
258 
259 /*
260  * SQL-functions CURRENT_USER, SESSION_USER
261  */
262 Datum
264 {
266 }
267 
268 Datum
270 {
272 }
273 
274 
275 /*
276  * SQL-functions CURRENT_SCHEMA, CURRENT_SCHEMAS
277  */
278 Datum
280 {
281  List *search_path = fetch_search_path(false);
282  char *nspname;
283 
284  if (search_path == NIL)
285  PG_RETURN_NULL();
286  nspname = get_namespace_name(linitial_oid(search_path));
287  list_free(search_path);
288  if (!nspname)
289  PG_RETURN_NULL(); /* recently-deleted namespace? */
291 }
292 
293 Datum
295 {
296  List *search_path = fetch_search_path(PG_GETARG_BOOL(0));
297  ListCell *l;
298  Datum *names;
299  int i;
300  ArrayType *array;
301 
302  names = (Datum *) palloc(list_length(search_path) * sizeof(Datum));
303  i = 0;
304  foreach(l, search_path)
305  {
306  char *nspname;
307 
308  nspname = get_namespace_name(lfirst_oid(l));
309  if (nspname) /* watch out for deleted namespace */
310  {
311  names[i] = DirectFunctionCall1(namein, CStringGetDatum(nspname));
312  i++;
313  }
314  }
315  list_free(search_path);
316 
317  array = construct_array_builtin(names, i, NAMEOID);
318 
319  PG_RETURN_POINTER(array);
320 }
321 
322 /*
323  * SQL-function nameconcatoid(name, oid) returns name
324  *
325  * This is used in the information_schema to produce specific_name columns,
326  * which are supposed to be unique per schema. We achieve that (in an ugly
327  * way) by appending the object's OID. The result is the same as
328  * ($1::text || '_' || $2::text)::name
329  * except that, if it would not fit in NAMEDATALEN, we make it do so by
330  * truncating the name input (not the oid).
331  */
332 Datum
334 {
335  Name nam = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
336  Oid oid = PG_GETARG_OID(1);
337  Name result;
338  char suffix[20];
339  int suflen;
340  int namlen;
341 
342  suflen = snprintf(suffix, sizeof(suffix), "_%u", oid);
343  namlen = strlen(NameStr(*nam));
344 
345  /* Truncate oversize input by truncating name part, not suffix */
346  if (namlen + suflen >= NAMEDATALEN)
347  namlen = pg_mbcliplen(NameStr(*nam), namlen, NAMEDATALEN - 1 - suflen);
348 
349  /* We use palloc0 here to ensure result is zero-padded */
350  result = (Name) palloc0(NAMEDATALEN);
351  memcpy(NameStr(*result), NameStr(*nam), namlen);
352  memcpy(NameStr(*result) + namlen, suffix, suflen);
353 
354  PG_RETURN_NAME(result);
355 }
ArrayType * construct_array_builtin(Datum *elems, int nelems, Oid elmtype)
Definition: arrayfuncs.c:3363
#define NameStr(name)
Definition: c.h:730
NameData * Name
Definition: c.h:728
Oid collid
int errdetail(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: elog.c:1202
int errcode(int sqlerrcode)
Definition: elog.c:858
int errmsg(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: elog.c:1069
#define ERROR
Definition: elog.h:39
#define ereport(elevel,...)
Definition: elog.h:149
const char * name
Definition: encode.c:571
#define PG_RETURN_VOID()
Definition: fmgr.h:349
#define PG_GETARG_OID(n)
Definition: fmgr.h:275
#define PG_RETURN_BYTEA_P(x)
Definition: fmgr.h:371
#define PG_GETARG_POINTER(n)
Definition: fmgr.h:276
#define PG_RETURN_CSTRING(x)
Definition: fmgr.h:362
#define DirectFunctionCall1(func, arg1)
Definition: fmgr.h:642
#define PG_GETARG_CSTRING(n)
Definition: fmgr.h:277
#define PG_RETURN_NULL()
Definition: fmgr.h:345
#define PG_GETARG_NAME(n)
Definition: fmgr.h:278
#define PG_RETURN_INT32(x)
Definition: fmgr.h:354
#define PG_RETURN_NAME(x)
Definition: fmgr.h:363
#define PG_GETARG_BOOL(n)
Definition: fmgr.h:274
#define PG_RETURN_DATUM(x)
Definition: fmgr.h:353
#define PG_RETURN_POINTER(x)
Definition: fmgr.h:361
#define PG_GET_COLLATION()
Definition: fmgr.h:198
#define PG_FUNCTION_ARGS
Definition: fmgr.h:193
#define PG_RETURN_BOOL(x)
Definition: fmgr.h:359
int i
Definition: isn.c:73
void list_free(List *list)
Definition: list.c:1545
char * get_namespace_name(Oid nspid)
Definition: lsyscache.c:3331
int pg_mbcliplen(const char *mbstr, int len, int limit)
Definition: mbutils.c:1084
char * pstrdup(const char *in)
Definition: mcxt.c:1624
void pfree(void *pointer)
Definition: mcxt.c:1436
void * palloc0(Size size)
Definition: mcxt.c:1241
void * palloc(Size size)
Definition: mcxt.c:1210
char * GetUserNameFromId(Oid roleid, bool noerr)
Definition: miscinit.c:972
Oid GetUserId(void)
Definition: miscinit.c:502
Oid GetSessionUserId(void)
Definition: miscinit.c:536
Datum nameout(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:71
Datum nameeq(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:148
Datum nameconcatoid(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:333
Datum btnamecmp(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:202
Datum current_user(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:263
Datum btnamesortsupport(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:211
int namestrcmp(Name name, const char *str)
Definition: name.c:247
Datum namele(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:175
Datum namerecv(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:82
Datum namegt(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:184
void namestrcpy(Name name, const char *str)
Definition: name.c:233
Datum session_user(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:269
Datum namelt(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:166
Datum namein(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:48
Datum current_schema(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:279
Datum namege(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:193
static int namecmp(Name arg1, Name arg2, Oid collid)
Definition: name.c:135
Datum namesend(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:106
Datum current_schemas(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:294
Datum namene(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: name.c:157
List * fetch_search_path(bool includeImplicit)
Definition: namespace.c:4428
static MemoryContext MemoryContextSwitchTo(MemoryContext context)
Definition: palloc.h:138
#define NAMEDATALEN
const void size_t len
static int list_length(const List *l)
Definition: pg_list.h:152
#define NIL
Definition: pg_list.h:68
#define linitial_oid(l)
Definition: pg_list.h:180
#define lfirst_oid(lc)
Definition: pg_list.h:174
static char * buf
Definition: pg_test_fsync.c:67
#define snprintf
Definition: port.h:238
uintptr_t Datum
Definition: postgres.h:64
static Datum CStringGetDatum(const char *X)
Definition: postgres.h:350
unsigned int Oid
Definition: postgres_ext.h:31
void pq_sendtext(StringInfo buf, const char *str, int slen)
Definition: pqformat.c:175
char * pq_getmsgtext(StringInfo msg, int rawbytes, int *nbytes)
Definition: pqformat.c:549
void pq_begintypsend(StringInfo buf)
Definition: pqformat.c:329
bytea * pq_endtypsend(StringInfo buf)
Definition: pqformat.c:349
struct SortSupportData * SortSupport
Definition: sortsupport.h:58
StringInfoData * StringInfo
Definition: stringinfo.h:44
Definition: pg_list.h:54
MemoryContext ssup_cxt
Definition: sortsupport.h:66
Definition: c.h:725
int varstr_cmp(const char *arg1, int len1, const char *arg2, int len2, Oid collid)
Definition: varlena.c:1543
void varstr_sortsupport(SortSupport ssup, Oid typid, Oid collid)
Definition: varlena.c:2037