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heapam.h
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1 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
2  *
3  * heapam.h
4  * POSTGRES heap access method definitions.
5  *
6  *
7  * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2021, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
8  * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
9  *
10  * src/include/access/heapam.h
11  *
12  *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
13  */
14 #ifndef HEAPAM_H
15 #define HEAPAM_H
16 
17 #include "access/relation.h" /* for backward compatibility */
18 #include "access/relscan.h"
19 #include "access/sdir.h"
20 #include "access/skey.h"
21 #include "access/table.h" /* for backward compatibility */
22 #include "access/tableam.h"
23 #include "nodes/lockoptions.h"
24 #include "nodes/primnodes.h"
25 #include "storage/bufpage.h"
26 #include "storage/dsm.h"
27 #include "storage/lockdefs.h"
28 #include "storage/shm_toc.h"
29 #include "utils/relcache.h"
30 #include "utils/snapshot.h"
31 
32 
33 /* "options" flag bits for heap_insert */
34 #define HEAP_INSERT_SKIP_FSM TABLE_INSERT_SKIP_FSM
35 #define HEAP_INSERT_FROZEN TABLE_INSERT_FROZEN
36 #define HEAP_INSERT_NO_LOGICAL TABLE_INSERT_NO_LOGICAL
37 #define HEAP_INSERT_SPECULATIVE 0x0010
38 
40 struct TupleTableSlot;
41 
42 #define MaxLockTupleMode LockTupleExclusive
43 
44 /*
45  * Descriptor for heap table scans.
46  */
47 typedef struct HeapScanDescData
48 {
49  TableScanDescData rs_base; /* AM independent part of the descriptor */
50 
51  /* state set up at initscan time */
52  BlockNumber rs_nblocks; /* total number of blocks in rel */
53  BlockNumber rs_startblock; /* block # to start at */
54  BlockNumber rs_numblocks; /* max number of blocks to scan */
55  /* rs_numblocks is usually InvalidBlockNumber, meaning "scan whole rel" */
56 
57  /* scan current state */
58  bool rs_inited; /* false = scan not init'd yet */
59  BlockNumber rs_cblock; /* current block # in scan, if any */
60  Buffer rs_cbuf; /* current buffer in scan, if any */
61  /* NB: if rs_cbuf is not InvalidBuffer, we hold a pin on that buffer */
62 
63  /* rs_numblocks is usually InvalidBlockNumber, meaning "scan whole rel" */
64  BufferAccessStrategy rs_strategy; /* access strategy for reads */
65 
66  HeapTupleData rs_ctup; /* current tuple in scan, if any */
67 
68  /*
69  * For parallel scans to store page allocation data. NULL when not
70  * performing a parallel scan.
71  */
73 
74  /* these fields only used in page-at-a-time mode and for bitmap scans */
75  int rs_cindex; /* current tuple's index in vistuples */
76  int rs_ntuples; /* number of visible tuples on page */
80 
81 /*
82  * Descriptor for fetches from heap via an index.
83  */
84 typedef struct IndexFetchHeapData
85 {
86  IndexFetchTableData xs_base; /* AM independent part of the descriptor */
87 
88  Buffer xs_cbuf; /* current heap buffer in scan, if any */
89  /* NB: if xs_cbuf is not InvalidBuffer, we hold a pin on that buffer */
91 
92 /* Result codes for HeapTupleSatisfiesVacuum */
93 typedef enum
94 {
95  HEAPTUPLE_DEAD, /* tuple is dead and deletable */
96  HEAPTUPLE_LIVE, /* tuple is live (committed, no deleter) */
97  HEAPTUPLE_RECENTLY_DEAD, /* tuple is dead, but not deletable yet */
98  HEAPTUPLE_INSERT_IN_PROGRESS, /* inserting xact is still in progress */
99  HEAPTUPLE_DELETE_IN_PROGRESS /* deleting xact is still in progress */
100 } HTSV_Result;
101 
102 /* ----------------
103  * function prototypes for heap access method
104  *
105  * heap_create, heap_create_with_catalog, and heap_drop_with_catalog
106  * are declared in catalog/heap.h
107  * ----------------
108  */
109 
110 
111 /*
112  * HeapScanIsValid
113  * True iff the heap scan is valid.
114  */
115 #define HeapScanIsValid(scan) PointerIsValid(scan)
116 
117 extern TableScanDesc heap_beginscan(Relation relation, Snapshot snapshot,
118  int nkeys, ScanKey key,
119  ParallelTableScanDesc parallel_scan,
120  uint32 flags);
121 extern void heap_setscanlimits(TableScanDesc scan, BlockNumber startBlk,
122  BlockNumber numBlks);
123 extern void heapgetpage(TableScanDesc scan, BlockNumber page);
124 extern void heap_rescan(TableScanDesc scan, ScanKey key, bool set_params,
125  bool allow_strat, bool allow_sync, bool allow_pagemode);
126 extern void heap_endscan(TableScanDesc scan);
127 extern HeapTuple heap_getnext(TableScanDesc scan, ScanDirection direction);
128 extern bool heap_getnextslot(TableScanDesc sscan,
129  ScanDirection direction, struct TupleTableSlot *slot);
130 extern void heap_set_tidrange(TableScanDesc sscan, ItemPointer mintid,
131  ItemPointer maxtid);
132 extern bool heap_getnextslot_tidrange(TableScanDesc sscan,
133  ScanDirection direction,
134  TupleTableSlot *slot);
135 extern bool heap_fetch(Relation relation, Snapshot snapshot,
136  HeapTuple tuple, Buffer *userbuf);
137 extern bool heap_hot_search_buffer(ItemPointer tid, Relation relation,
138  Buffer buffer, Snapshot snapshot, HeapTuple heapTuple,
139  bool *all_dead, bool first_call);
140 
141 extern void heap_get_latest_tid(TableScanDesc scan, ItemPointer tid);
142 
143 extern BulkInsertState GetBulkInsertState(void);
144 extern void FreeBulkInsertState(BulkInsertState);
145 extern void ReleaseBulkInsertStatePin(BulkInsertState bistate);
146 
147 extern void heap_insert(Relation relation, HeapTuple tup, CommandId cid,
148  int options, BulkInsertState bistate);
149 extern void heap_multi_insert(Relation relation, struct TupleTableSlot **slots,
150  int ntuples, CommandId cid, int options,
151  BulkInsertState bistate);
152 extern TM_Result heap_delete(Relation relation, ItemPointer tid,
153  CommandId cid, Snapshot crosscheck, bool wait,
154  struct TM_FailureData *tmfd, bool changingPart);
155 extern void heap_finish_speculative(Relation relation, ItemPointer tid);
156 extern void heap_abort_speculative(Relation relation, ItemPointer tid);
157 extern TM_Result heap_update(Relation relation, ItemPointer otid,
158  HeapTuple newtup,
159  CommandId cid, Snapshot crosscheck, bool wait,
160  struct TM_FailureData *tmfd, LockTupleMode *lockmode);
161 extern TM_Result heap_lock_tuple(Relation relation, HeapTuple tuple,
162  CommandId cid, LockTupleMode mode, LockWaitPolicy wait_policy,
163  bool follow_update,
164  Buffer *buffer, struct TM_FailureData *tmfd);
165 
166 extern void heap_inplace_update(Relation relation, HeapTuple tuple);
167 extern bool heap_freeze_tuple(HeapTupleHeader tuple,
168  TransactionId relfrozenxid, TransactionId relminmxid,
169  TransactionId cutoff_xid, TransactionId cutoff_multi);
170 extern bool heap_tuple_needs_freeze(HeapTupleHeader tuple, TransactionId cutoff_xid,
171  MultiXactId cutoff_multi, Buffer buf);
173 
174 extern void simple_heap_insert(Relation relation, HeapTuple tup);
175 extern void simple_heap_delete(Relation relation, ItemPointer tid);
176 extern void simple_heap_update(Relation relation, ItemPointer otid,
177  HeapTuple tup);
178 
180  TM_IndexDeleteOp *delstate);
181 
182 /* in heap/pruneheap.c */
183 struct GlobalVisState;
184 extern void heap_page_prune_opt(Relation relation, Buffer buffer);
185 extern int heap_page_prune(Relation relation, Buffer buffer,
186  struct GlobalVisState *vistest,
187  TransactionId old_snap_xmin,
188  TimestampTz old_snap_ts_ts,
189  bool report_stats,
190  OffsetNumber *off_loc);
191 extern void heap_page_prune_execute(Buffer buffer,
192  OffsetNumber *redirected, int nredirected,
193  OffsetNumber *nowdead, int ndead,
194  OffsetNumber *nowunused, int nunused);
195 extern void heap_get_root_tuples(Page page, OffsetNumber *root_offsets);
196 
197 /* in heap/vacuumlazy.c */
198 struct VacuumParams;
199 extern void heap_vacuum_rel(Relation rel,
200  struct VacuumParams *params, BufferAccessStrategy bstrategy);
201 extern void parallel_vacuum_main(dsm_segment *seg, shm_toc *toc);
202 
203 /* in heap/heapam_visibility.c */
204 extern bool HeapTupleSatisfiesVisibility(HeapTuple stup, Snapshot snapshot,
205  Buffer buffer);
207  Buffer buffer);
209  Buffer buffer);
211  TransactionId *dead_after);
212 extern void HeapTupleSetHintBits(HeapTupleHeader tuple, Buffer buffer,
213  uint16 infomask, TransactionId xid);
215 extern bool XidInMVCCSnapshot(TransactionId xid, Snapshot snapshot);
216 extern bool HeapTupleIsSurelyDead(HeapTuple htup,
217  struct GlobalVisState *vistest);
218 
219 /*
220  * To avoid leaking too much knowledge about reorderbuffer implementation
221  * details this is implemented in reorderbuffer.c not heapam_visibility.c
222  */
223 struct HTAB;
225  Snapshot snapshot,
226  HeapTuple htup,
227  Buffer buffer,
228  CommandId *cmin, CommandId *cmax);
229 extern void HeapCheckForSerializableConflictOut(bool valid, Relation relation, HeapTuple tuple,
230  Buffer buffer, Snapshot snapshot);
231 
232 #endif /* HEAPAM_H */
uint32 CommandId
Definition: c.h:601
bool heap_fetch(Relation relation, Snapshot snapshot, HeapTuple tuple, Buffer *userbuf)
Definition: heapam.c:1595
static PgChecksumMode mode
Definition: pg_checksums.c:61
BlockNumber rs_cblock
Definition: heapam.h:59
LockTupleMode
Definition: lockoptions.h:49
int heap_page_prune(Relation relation, Buffer buffer, struct GlobalVisState *vistest, TransactionId old_snap_xmin, TimestampTz old_snap_ts_ts, bool report_stats, OffsetNumber *off_loc)
Definition: pruneheap.c:219
uint32 TransactionId
Definition: c.h:587
bool HeapTupleHeaderIsOnlyLocked(HeapTupleHeader tuple)
int64 TimestampTz
Definition: timestamp.h:39
TableScanDescData rs_base
Definition: heapam.h:49
void ReleaseBulkInsertStatePin(BulkInsertState bistate)
Definition: heapam.c:2033
#define MaxHeapTuplesPerPage
Definition: htup_details.h:573
bool heap_tuple_needs_eventual_freeze(HeapTupleHeader tuple)
Definition: heapam.c:7115
void heapgetpage(TableScanDesc scan, BlockNumber page)
Definition: heapam.c:371
uint32 BlockNumber
Definition: block.h:31
void HeapTupleSetHintBits(HeapTupleHeader tuple, Buffer buffer, uint16 infomask, TransactionId xid)
void parallel_vacuum_main(dsm_segment *seg, shm_toc *toc)
Definition: vacuumlazy.c:4132
void heap_vacuum_rel(Relation rel, struct VacuumParams *params, BufferAccessStrategy bstrategy)
Definition: vacuumlazy.c:481
struct HeapScanDescData * HeapScanDesc
Definition: heapam.h:79
HeapTupleData rs_ctup
Definition: heapam.h:66
void heap_get_root_tuples(Page page, OffsetNumber *root_offsets)
Definition: pruneheap.c:900
uint16 OffsetNumber
Definition: off.h:24
void heap_multi_insert(Relation relation, struct TupleTableSlot **slots, int ntuples, CommandId cid, int options, BulkInsertState bistate)
Definition: heapam.c:2370
TM_Result heap_lock_tuple(Relation relation, HeapTuple tuple, CommandId cid, LockTupleMode mode, LockWaitPolicy wait_policy, bool follow_update, Buffer *buffer, struct TM_FailureData *tmfd)
Definition: heapam.c:4315
void simple_heap_delete(Relation relation, ItemPointer tid)
Definition: heapam.c:3175
Definition: dynahash.c:219
bool HeapTupleSatisfiesVisibility(HeapTuple stup, Snapshot snapshot, Buffer buffer)
unsigned short uint16
Definition: c.h:440
bool heap_freeze_tuple(HeapTupleHeader tuple, TransactionId relfrozenxid, TransactionId relminmxid, TransactionId cutoff_xid, TransactionId cutoff_multi)
Definition: heapam.c:6720
BulkInsertState GetBulkInsertState(void)
Definition: heapam.c:2007
void heap_insert(Relation relation, HeapTuple tup, CommandId cid, int options, BulkInsertState bistate)
Definition: heapam.c:2060
BlockNumber rs_numblocks
Definition: heapam.h:54
bool XidInMVCCSnapshot(TransactionId xid, Snapshot snapshot)
Definition: snapmgr.c:2242
void heap_endscan(TableScanDesc scan)
Definition: heapam.c:1307
struct HeapScanDescData HeapScanDescData
Buffer xs_cbuf
Definition: heapam.h:88
static char * buf
Definition: pg_test_fsync.c:68
ScanDirection
Definition: sdir.h:22
bool heap_getnextslot_tidrange(TableScanDesc sscan, ScanDirection direction, TupleTableSlot *slot)
Definition: heapam.c:1492
ParallelBlockTableScanWorkerData * rs_parallelworkerdata
Definition: heapam.h:72
unsigned int uint32
Definition: c.h:441
bool rs_inited
Definition: heapam.h:58
void simple_heap_insert(Relation relation, HeapTuple tup)
Definition: heapam.c:2710
BlockNumber rs_startblock
Definition: heapam.h:53
TM_Result heap_update(Relation relation, ItemPointer otid, HeapTuple newtup, CommandId cid, Snapshot crosscheck, bool wait, struct TM_FailureData *tmfd, LockTupleMode *lockmode)
Definition: heapam.c:3221
int rs_ntuples
Definition: heapam.h:76
void heap_finish_speculative(Relation relation, ItemPointer tid)
Definition: heapam.c:5815
static HTAB * tuplecid_data
Definition: snapmgr.c:116
bool heap_hot_search_buffer(ItemPointer tid, Relation relation, Buffer buffer, Snapshot snapshot, HeapTuple heapTuple, bool *all_dead, bool first_call)
Definition: heapam.c:1710
TM_Result
Definition: tableam.h:71
TransactionId heap_index_delete_tuples(Relation rel, TM_IndexDeleteOp *delstate)
Definition: heapam.c:7337
BlockNumber rs_nblocks
Definition: heapam.h:52
BufferAccessStrategy rs_strategy
Definition: heapam.h:64
void heap_set_tidrange(TableScanDesc sscan, ItemPointer mintid, ItemPointer maxtid)
Definition: heapam.c:1419
Buffer rs_cbuf
Definition: heapam.h:60
struct IndexFetchHeapData IndexFetchHeapData
TransactionId MultiXactId
Definition: c.h:597
OffsetNumber rs_vistuples[MaxHeapTuplesPerPage]
Definition: heapam.h:77
void heap_setscanlimits(TableScanDesc scan, BlockNumber startBlk, BlockNumber numBlks)
Definition: heapam.c:348
TM_Result heap_delete(Relation relation, ItemPointer tid, CommandId cid, Snapshot crosscheck, bool wait, struct TM_FailureData *tmfd, bool changingPart)
Definition: heapam.c:2768
struct BulkInsertStateData * BulkInsertState
Definition: heapam.h:39
bool heap_tuple_needs_freeze(HeapTupleHeader tuple, TransactionId cutoff_xid, MultiXactId cutoff_multi, Buffer buf)
Definition: heapam.c:7168
void FreeBulkInsertState(BulkInsertState)
Definition: heapam.c:2021
void heap_get_latest_tid(TableScanDesc scan, ItemPointer tid)
Definition: heapam.c:1862
void heap_abort_speculative(Relation relation, ItemPointer tid)
Definition: heapam.c:5906
HeapTuple heap_getnext(TableScanDesc scan, ScanDirection direction)
Definition: heapam.c:1340
bool heap_getnextslot(TableScanDesc sscan, ScanDirection direction, struct TupleTableSlot *slot)
Definition: heapam.c:1389
void heap_page_prune_execute(Buffer buffer, OffsetNumber *redirected, int nredirected, OffsetNumber *nowdead, int ndead, OffsetNumber *nowunused, int nunused)
Definition: pruneheap.c:833
HTSV_Result
Definition: heapam.h:93
HTSV_Result HeapTupleSatisfiesVacuum(HeapTuple stup, TransactionId OldestXmin, Buffer buffer)
void heap_inplace_update(Relation relation, HeapTuple tuple)
Definition: heapam.c:6059
HTSV_Result HeapTupleSatisfiesVacuumHorizon(HeapTuple stup, Buffer buffer, TransactionId *dead_after)
void simple_heap_update(Relation relation, ItemPointer otid, HeapTuple tup)
Definition: heapam.c:4227
bool HeapTupleIsSurelyDead(HeapTuple htup, struct GlobalVisState *vistest)
void HeapCheckForSerializableConflictOut(bool valid, Relation relation, HeapTuple tuple, Buffer buffer, Snapshot snapshot)
Definition: heapam.c:9861
int Buffer
Definition: buf.h:23
TableScanDesc heap_beginscan(Relation relation, Snapshot snapshot, int nkeys, ScanKey key, ParallelTableScanDesc parallel_scan, uint32 flags)
Definition: heapam.c:1185
LockWaitPolicy
Definition: lockoptions.h:36
void heap_rescan(TableScanDesc scan, ScanKey key, bool set_params, bool allow_strat, bool allow_sync, bool allow_pagemode)
Definition: heapam.c:1270
Pointer Page
Definition: bufpage.h:78
IndexFetchTableData xs_base
Definition: heapam.h:86
bool ResolveCminCmaxDuringDecoding(struct HTAB *tuplecid_data, Snapshot snapshot, HeapTuple htup, Buffer buffer, CommandId *cmin, CommandId *cmax)
TM_Result HeapTupleSatisfiesUpdate(HeapTuple stup, CommandId curcid, Buffer buffer)
void heap_page_prune_opt(Relation relation, Buffer buffer)
Definition: pruneheap.c:87