PostgreSQL Source Code  git master
checkpointer.c File Reference
#include "postgres.h"
#include <sys/time.h>
#include "access/xlog.h"
#include "access/xlog_internal.h"
#include "libpq/pqsignal.h"
#include "miscadmin.h"
#include "pgstat.h"
#include "postmaster/bgwriter.h"
#include "postmaster/interrupt.h"
#include "replication/syncrep.h"
#include "storage/bufmgr.h"
#include "storage/condition_variable.h"
#include "storage/fd.h"
#include "storage/ipc.h"
#include "storage/lwlock.h"
#include "storage/proc.h"
#include "storage/procsignal.h"
#include "storage/shmem.h"
#include "storage/smgr.h"
#include "storage/spin.h"
#include "utils/guc.h"
#include "utils/memutils.h"
#include "utils/resowner.h"
Include dependency graph for checkpointer.c:

Go to the source code of this file.

Data Structures

struct  CheckpointerRequest
 
struct  CheckpointerShmemStruct
 

Macros

#define WRITES_PER_ABSORB   1000
 
#define MAX_SIGNAL_TRIES   600 /* max wait 60.0 sec */
 

Functions

static void HandleCheckpointerInterrupts (void)
 
static void CheckArchiveTimeout (void)
 
static bool IsCheckpointOnSchedule (double progress)
 
static bool ImmediateCheckpointRequested (void)
 
static bool CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue (void)
 
static void UpdateSharedMemoryConfig (void)
 
static void ReqCheckpointHandler (SIGNAL_ARGS)
 
void CheckpointerMain (void)
 
void CheckpointWriteDelay (int flags, double progress)
 
Size CheckpointerShmemSize (void)
 
void CheckpointerShmemInit (void)
 
void RequestCheckpoint (int flags)
 
bool ForwardSyncRequest (const FileTag *ftag, SyncRequestType type)
 
void AbsorbSyncRequests (void)
 
bool FirstCallSinceLastCheckpoint (void)
 

Variables

static CheckpointerShmemStructCheckpointerShmem
 
int CheckPointTimeout = 300
 
int CheckPointWarning = 30
 
double CheckPointCompletionTarget = 0.5
 
static bool ckpt_active = false
 
static pg_time_t ckpt_start_time
 
static XLogRecPtr ckpt_start_recptr
 
static double ckpt_cached_elapsed
 
static pg_time_t last_checkpoint_time
 
static pg_time_t last_xlog_switch_time
 

Macro Definition Documentation

◆ MAX_SIGNAL_TRIES

#define MAX_SIGNAL_TRIES   600 /* max wait 60.0 sec */

Referenced by RequestCheckpoint().

◆ WRITES_PER_ABSORB

#define WRITES_PER_ABSORB   1000

Definition at line 141 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckpointWriteDelay().

Function Documentation

◆ AbsorbSyncRequests()

void AbsorbSyncRequests ( void  )

Definition at line 1236 of file checkpointer.c.

References AmCheckpointerProcess, BgWriterStats, END_CRIT_SECTION, CheckpointerRequest::ftag, LW_EXCLUSIVE, LWLockAcquire(), LWLockRelease(), PgStat_MsgBgWriter::m_buf_fsync_backend, PgStat_MsgBgWriter::m_buf_written_backend, CheckpointerShmemStruct::num_backend_fsync, CheckpointerShmemStruct::num_backend_writes, CheckpointerShmemStruct::num_requests, palloc(), pfree(), RememberSyncRequest(), CheckpointerShmemStruct::requests, START_CRIT_SECTION, and CheckpointerRequest::type.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain(), CheckpointWriteDelay(), ProcessSyncRequests(), and SyncPostCheckpoint().

1237 {
1238  CheckpointerRequest *requests = NULL;
1239  CheckpointerRequest *request;
1240  int n;
1241 
1242  if (!AmCheckpointerProcess())
1243  return;
1244 
1245  LWLockAcquire(CheckpointerCommLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);
1246 
1247  /* Transfer stats counts into pending pgstats message */
1250 
1253 
1254  /*
1255  * We try to avoid holding the lock for a long time by copying the request
1256  * array, and processing the requests after releasing the lock.
1257  *
1258  * Once we have cleared the requests from shared memory, we have to PANIC
1259  * if we then fail to absorb them (eg, because our hashtable runs out of
1260  * memory). This is because the system cannot run safely if we are unable
1261  * to fsync what we have been told to fsync. Fortunately, the hashtable
1262  * is so small that the problem is quite unlikely to arise in practice.
1263  */
1265  if (n > 0)
1266  {
1267  requests = (CheckpointerRequest *) palloc(n * sizeof(CheckpointerRequest));
1268  memcpy(requests, CheckpointerShmem->requests, n * sizeof(CheckpointerRequest));
1269  }
1270 
1272 
1274 
1275  LWLockRelease(CheckpointerCommLock);
1276 
1277  for (request = requests; n > 0; request++, n--)
1278  RememberSyncRequest(&request->ftag, request->type);
1279 
1280  END_CRIT_SECTION();
1281 
1282  if (requests)
1283  pfree(requests);
1284 }
PgStat_Counter m_buf_fsync_backend
Definition: pgstat.h:433
void RememberSyncRequest(const FileTag *ftag, SyncRequestType type)
Definition: sync.c:437
SyncRequestType type
Definition: checkpointer.c:111
#define END_CRIT_SECTION()
Definition: miscadmin.h:134
PgStat_MsgBgWriter BgWriterStats
Definition: pgstat.c:142
CheckpointerRequest requests[FLEXIBLE_ARRAY_MEMBER]
Definition: checkpointer.c:135
#define START_CRIT_SECTION()
Definition: miscadmin.h:132
void LWLockRelease(LWLock *lock)
Definition: lwlock.c:1812
void pfree(void *pointer)
Definition: mcxt.c:1056
#define AmCheckpointerProcess()
Definition: miscadmin.h:432
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:138
PgStat_Counter m_buf_written_backend
Definition: pgstat.h:432
bool LWLockAcquire(LWLock *lock, LWLockMode mode)
Definition: lwlock.c:1208
void * palloc(Size size)
Definition: mcxt.c:949

◆ CheckArchiveTimeout()

static void CheckArchiveTimeout ( void  )
static

Definition at line 582 of file checkpointer.c.

References DEBUG1, elog, GetLastImportantRecPtr(), GetLastSegSwitchData(), last_xlog_switch_time, Max, now(), RecoveryInProgress(), RequestXLogSwitch(), wal_segment_size, XLogArchiveTimeout, and XLogSegmentOffset.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain(), and CheckpointWriteDelay().

583 {
584  pg_time_t now;
585  pg_time_t last_time;
586  XLogRecPtr last_switch_lsn;
587 
589  return;
590 
591  now = (pg_time_t) time(NULL);
592 
593  /* First we do a quick check using possibly-stale local state. */
594  if ((int) (now - last_xlog_switch_time) < XLogArchiveTimeout)
595  return;
596 
597  /*
598  * Update local state ... note that last_xlog_switch_time is the last time
599  * a switch was performed *or requested*.
600  */
601  last_time = GetLastSegSwitchData(&last_switch_lsn);
602 
604 
605  /* Now we can do the real checks */
606  if ((int) (now - last_xlog_switch_time) >= XLogArchiveTimeout)
607  {
608  /*
609  * Switch segment only when "important" WAL has been logged since the
610  * last segment switch (last_switch_lsn points to end of segment
611  * switch occurred in).
612  */
613  if (GetLastImportantRecPtr() > last_switch_lsn)
614  {
615  XLogRecPtr switchpoint;
616 
617  /* mark switch as unimportant, avoids triggering checkpoints */
618  switchpoint = RequestXLogSwitch(true);
619 
620  /*
621  * If the returned pointer points exactly to a segment boundary,
622  * assume nothing happened.
623  */
624  if (XLogSegmentOffset(switchpoint, wal_segment_size) != 0)
625  elog(DEBUG1, "write-ahead log switch forced (archive_timeout=%d)",
627  }
628 
629  /*
630  * Update state in any case, so we don't retry constantly when the
631  * system is idle.
632  */
634  }
635 }
XLogRecPtr GetLastImportantRecPtr(void)
Definition: xlog.c:8438
XLogRecPtr RequestXLogSwitch(bool mark_unimportant)
Definition: xlog.c:9664
#define DEBUG1
Definition: elog.h:25
int64 pg_time_t
Definition: pgtime.h:23
pg_time_t GetLastSegSwitchData(XLogRecPtr *lastSwitchLSN)
Definition: xlog.c:8467
int wal_segment_size
Definition: xlog.c:116
int XLogArchiveTimeout
Definition: xlog.c:93
bool RecoveryInProgress(void)
Definition: xlog.c:8069
#define XLogSegmentOffset(xlogptr, wal_segsz_bytes)
static pg_time_t last_xlog_switch_time
Definition: checkpointer.c:161
#define Max(x, y)
Definition: c.h:914
uint64 XLogRecPtr
Definition: xlogdefs.h:21
#define elog(elevel,...)
Definition: elog.h:214
Datum now(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: timestamp.c:1538

◆ CheckpointerMain()

void CheckpointerMain ( void  )

Definition at line 183 of file checkpointer.c.

References AbortBufferIO(), AbsorbSyncRequests(), ALLOCSET_DEFAULT_SIZES, AllocSetContextCreate, AtEOXact_Buffers(), AtEOXact_Files(), AtEOXact_HashTables(), AtEOXact_SMgr(), BgWriterStats, BlockSig, CheckArchiveTimeout(), CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_TIME, CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_XLOG, CHECKPOINT_END_OF_RECOVERY, CheckpointerShmemStruct::checkpointer_pid, PROC_HDR::checkpointerLatch, CheckPointTimeout, CheckPointWarning, ckpt_active, ckpt_cached_elapsed, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_done, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_failed, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_flags, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_lck, ckpt_start_recptr, ckpt_start_time, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_started, ConditionVariableBroadcast(), ConditionVariableCancelSleep(), CreateCheckPoint(), CreateRestartPoint(), CheckpointerShmemStruct::done_cv, EmitErrorReport(), ereport, errhint(), errmsg_plural(), error_context_stack, FlushErrorState(), GetInsertRecPtr(), GetXLogReplayRecPtr(), HandleCheckpointerInterrupts(), HOLD_INTERRUPTS, last_checkpoint_time, last_xlog_switch_time, LOG, LWLockReleaseAll(), PgStat_MsgBgWriter::m_requested_checkpoints, PgStat_MsgBgWriter::m_timed_checkpoints, MemoryContextResetAndDeleteChildren, MemoryContextSwitchTo(), Min, MyLatch, MyProc, MyProcPid, now(), PG_exception_stack, PG_SETMASK, pg_usleep(), pgstat_report_wait_end(), pgstat_send_bgwriter(), pqsignal(), ProcGlobal, PGPROC::procLatch, procsignal_sigusr1_handler(), RecoveryInProgress(), ReleaseAuxProcessResources(), ReqCheckpointHandler(), ResetLatch(), RESUME_INTERRUPTS, SIG_DFL, SIG_IGN, SIGALRM, SIGCHLD, SIGHUP, SignalHandlerForConfigReload(), SignalHandlerForCrashExit(), SignalHandlerForShutdownRequest(), SIGPIPE, SIGQUIT, SIGUSR1, SIGUSR2, smgrcloseall(), SpinLockAcquire, SpinLockRelease, CheckpointerShmemStruct::start_cv, TopMemoryContext, UnBlockSig, UnlockBuffers(), UpdateSharedMemoryConfig(), WAIT_EVENT_CHECKPOINTER_MAIN, WaitLatch(), WL_EXIT_ON_PM_DEATH, WL_LATCH_SET, WL_TIMEOUT, and XLogArchiveTimeout.

Referenced by AuxiliaryProcessMain().

184 {
185  sigjmp_buf local_sigjmp_buf;
186  MemoryContext checkpointer_context;
187 
189 
190  /*
191  * Properly accept or ignore signals the postmaster might send us
192  *
193  * Note: we deliberately ignore SIGTERM, because during a standard Unix
194  * system shutdown cycle, init will SIGTERM all processes at once. We
195  * want to wait for the backends to exit, whereupon the postmaster will
196  * tell us it's okay to shut down (via SIGUSR2).
197  */
199  pqsignal(SIGINT, ReqCheckpointHandler); /* request checkpoint */
200  pqsignal(SIGTERM, SIG_IGN); /* ignore SIGTERM */
206 
207  /*
208  * Reset some signals that are accepted by postmaster but not here
209  */
211 
212  /* We allow SIGQUIT (quickdie) at all times */
213  sigdelset(&BlockSig, SIGQUIT);
214 
215  /*
216  * Initialize so that first time-driven event happens at the correct time.
217  */
219 
220  /*
221  * Create a memory context that we will do all our work in. We do this so
222  * that we can reset the context during error recovery and thereby avoid
223  * possible memory leaks. Formerly this code just ran in
224  * TopMemoryContext, but resetting that would be a really bad idea.
225  */
226  checkpointer_context = AllocSetContextCreate(TopMemoryContext,
227  "Checkpointer",
229  MemoryContextSwitchTo(checkpointer_context);
230 
231  /*
232  * If an exception is encountered, processing resumes here.
233  *
234  * See notes in postgres.c about the design of this coding.
235  */
236  if (sigsetjmp(local_sigjmp_buf, 1) != 0)
237  {
238  /* Since not using PG_TRY, must reset error stack by hand */
239  error_context_stack = NULL;
240 
241  /* Prevent interrupts while cleaning up */
242  HOLD_INTERRUPTS();
243 
244  /* Report the error to the server log */
245  EmitErrorReport();
246 
247  /*
248  * These operations are really just a minimal subset of
249  * AbortTransaction(). We don't have very many resources to worry
250  * about in checkpointer, but we do have LWLocks, buffers, and temp
251  * files.
252  */
256  AbortBufferIO();
257  UnlockBuffers();
259  AtEOXact_Buffers(false);
260  AtEOXact_SMgr();
261  AtEOXact_Files(false);
262  AtEOXact_HashTables(false);
263 
264  /* Warn any waiting backends that the checkpoint failed. */
265  if (ckpt_active)
266  {
271 
273 
274  ckpt_active = false;
275  }
276 
277  /*
278  * Now return to normal top-level context and clear ErrorContext for
279  * next time.
280  */
281  MemoryContextSwitchTo(checkpointer_context);
282  FlushErrorState();
283 
284  /* Flush any leaked data in the top-level context */
285  MemoryContextResetAndDeleteChildren(checkpointer_context);
286 
287  /* Now we can allow interrupts again */
289 
290  /*
291  * Sleep at least 1 second after any error. A write error is likely
292  * to be repeated, and we don't want to be filling the error logs as
293  * fast as we can.
294  */
295  pg_usleep(1000000L);
296 
297  /*
298  * Close all open files after any error. This is helpful on Windows,
299  * where holding deleted files open causes various strange errors.
300  * It's not clear we need it elsewhere, but shouldn't hurt.
301  */
302  smgrcloseall();
303  }
304 
305  /* We can now handle ereport(ERROR) */
306  PG_exception_stack = &local_sigjmp_buf;
307 
308  /*
309  * Unblock signals (they were blocked when the postmaster forked us)
310  */
312 
313  /*
314  * Ensure all shared memory values are set correctly for the config. Doing
315  * this here ensures no race conditions from other concurrent updaters.
316  */
318 
319  /*
320  * Advertise our latch that backends can use to wake us up while we're
321  * sleeping.
322  */
324 
325  /*
326  * Loop forever
327  */
328  for (;;)
329  {
330  bool do_checkpoint = false;
331  int flags = 0;
332  pg_time_t now;
333  int elapsed_secs;
334  int cur_timeout;
335 
336  /* Clear any already-pending wakeups */
338 
339  /*
340  * Process any requests or signals received recently.
341  */
344 
345  /*
346  * Detect a pending checkpoint request by checking whether the flags
347  * word in shared memory is nonzero. We shouldn't need to acquire the
348  * ckpt_lck for this.
349  */
350  if (((volatile CheckpointerShmemStruct *) CheckpointerShmem)->ckpt_flags)
351  {
352  do_checkpoint = true;
354  }
355 
356  /*
357  * Force a checkpoint if too much time has elapsed since the last one.
358  * Note that we count a timed checkpoint in stats only when this
359  * occurs without an external request, but we set the CAUSE_TIME flag
360  * bit even if there is also an external request.
361  */
362  now = (pg_time_t) time(NULL);
363  elapsed_secs = now - last_checkpoint_time;
364  if (elapsed_secs >= CheckPointTimeout)
365  {
366  if (!do_checkpoint)
368  do_checkpoint = true;
369  flags |= CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_TIME;
370  }
371 
372  /*
373  * Do a checkpoint if requested.
374  */
375  if (do_checkpoint)
376  {
377  bool ckpt_performed = false;
378  bool do_restartpoint;
379 
380  /*
381  * Check if we should perform a checkpoint or a restartpoint. As a
382  * side-effect, RecoveryInProgress() initializes TimeLineID if
383  * it's not set yet.
384  */
385  do_restartpoint = RecoveryInProgress();
386 
387  /*
388  * Atomically fetch the request flags to figure out what kind of a
389  * checkpoint we should perform, and increase the started-counter
390  * to acknowledge that we've started a new checkpoint.
391  */
392  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
393  flags |= CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_flags;
394  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_flags = 0;
395  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started++;
396  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
397 
398  ConditionVariableBroadcast(&CheckpointerShmem->start_cv);
399 
400  /*
401  * The end-of-recovery checkpoint is a real checkpoint that's
402  * performed while we're still in recovery.
403  */
404  if (flags & CHECKPOINT_END_OF_RECOVERY)
405  do_restartpoint = false;
406 
407  /*
408  * We will warn if (a) too soon since last checkpoint (whatever
409  * caused it) and (b) somebody set the CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_XLOG flag
410  * since the last checkpoint start. Note in particular that this
411  * implementation will not generate warnings caused by
412  * CheckPointTimeout < CheckPointWarning.
413  */
414  if (!do_restartpoint &&
415  (flags & CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_XLOG) &&
416  elapsed_secs < CheckPointWarning)
417  ereport(LOG,
418  (errmsg_plural("checkpoints are occurring too frequently (%d second apart)",
419  "checkpoints are occurring too frequently (%d seconds apart)",
420  elapsed_secs,
421  elapsed_secs),
422  errhint("Consider increasing the configuration parameter \"max_wal_size\".")));
423 
424  /*
425  * Initialize checkpointer-private variables used during
426  * checkpoint.
427  */
428  ckpt_active = true;
429  if (do_restartpoint)
431  else
435 
436  /*
437  * Do the checkpoint.
438  */
439  if (!do_restartpoint)
440  {
441  CreateCheckPoint(flags);
442  ckpt_performed = true;
443  }
444  else
445  ckpt_performed = CreateRestartPoint(flags);
446 
447  /*
448  * After any checkpoint, close all smgr files. This is so we
449  * won't hang onto smgr references to deleted files indefinitely.
450  */
451  smgrcloseall();
452 
453  /*
454  * Indicate checkpoint completion to any waiting backends.
455  */
456  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
457  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_done = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started;
458  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
459 
460  ConditionVariableBroadcast(&CheckpointerShmem->done_cv);
461 
462  if (ckpt_performed)
463  {
464  /*
465  * Note we record the checkpoint start time not end time as
466  * last_checkpoint_time. This is so that time-driven
467  * checkpoints happen at a predictable spacing.
468  */
469  last_checkpoint_time = now;
470  }
471  else
472  {
473  /*
474  * We were not able to perform the restartpoint (checkpoints
475  * throw an ERROR in case of error). Most likely because we
476  * have not received any new checkpoint WAL records since the
477  * last restartpoint. Try again in 15 s.
478  */
479  last_checkpoint_time = now - CheckPointTimeout + 15;
480  }
481 
482  ckpt_active = false;
483  }
484 
485  /* Check for archive_timeout and switch xlog files if necessary. */
487 
488  /*
489  * Send off activity statistics to the stats collector. (The reason
490  * why we re-use bgwriter-related code for this is that the bgwriter
491  * and checkpointer used to be just one process. It's probably not
492  * worth the trouble to split the stats support into two independent
493  * stats message types.)
494  */
496 
497  /*
498  * If any checkpoint flags have been set, redo the loop to handle the
499  * checkpoint without sleeping.
500  */
501  if (((volatile CheckpointerShmemStruct *) CheckpointerShmem)->ckpt_flags)
502  continue;
503 
504  /*
505  * Sleep until we are signaled or it's time for another checkpoint or
506  * xlog file switch.
507  */
508  now = (pg_time_t) time(NULL);
509  elapsed_secs = now - last_checkpoint_time;
510  if (elapsed_secs >= CheckPointTimeout)
511  continue; /* no sleep for us ... */
512  cur_timeout = CheckPointTimeout - elapsed_secs;
514  {
515  elapsed_secs = now - last_xlog_switch_time;
516  if (elapsed_secs >= XLogArchiveTimeout)
517  continue; /* no sleep for us ... */
518  cur_timeout = Min(cur_timeout, XLogArchiveTimeout - elapsed_secs);
519  }
520 
521  (void) WaitLatch(MyLatch,
523  cur_timeout * 1000L /* convert to ms */ ,
525  }
526 }
#define SIGQUIT
Definition: win32_port.h:154
#define AllocSetContextCreate
Definition: memutils.h:170
XLogRecPtr GetInsertRecPtr(void)
Definition: xlog.c:8404
int MyProcPid
Definition: globals.c:40
int errhint(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: elog.c:1071
int64 pg_time_t
Definition: pgtime.h:23
#define WL_TIMEOUT
Definition: latch.h:127
static void ReqCheckpointHandler(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: checkpointer.c:817
int XLogArchiveTimeout
Definition: xlog.c:93
#define SIGUSR1
Definition: win32_port.h:165
int errmsg_plural(const char *fmt_singular, const char *fmt_plural, unsigned long n,...)
Definition: elog.c:934
void CreateCheckPoint(int flags)
Definition: xlog.c:8700
#define SIGCHLD
Definition: win32_port.h:163
PGPROC * MyProc
Definition: proc.c:67
PgStat_Counter m_timed_checkpoints
Definition: pgstat.h:427
void AtEOXact_Buffers(bool isCommit)
Definition: bufmgr.c:2443
void SignalHandlerForConfigReload(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: interrupt.c:56
void ReleaseAuxProcessResources(bool isCommit)
Definition: resowner.c:879
#define Min(x, y)
Definition: c.h:920
static void HandleCheckpointerInterrupts(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:532
bool CreateRestartPoint(int flags)
Definition: xlog.c:9241
static MemoryContext MemoryContextSwitchTo(MemoryContext context)
Definition: palloc.h:109
PgStat_MsgBgWriter BgWriterStats
Definition: pgstat.c:142
int CheckPointWarning
Definition: checkpointer.c:147
void ConditionVariableBroadcast(ConditionVariable *cv)
PROC_HDR * ProcGlobal
Definition: proc.c:80
#define SIGPIPE
Definition: win32_port.h:158
#define SIGUSR2
Definition: win32_port.h:166
#define LOG
Definition: elog.h:26
bool RecoveryInProgress(void)
Definition: xlog.c:8069
void FlushErrorState(void)
Definition: elog.c:1568
void ResetLatch(Latch *latch)
Definition: latch.c:540
#define PG_SETMASK(mask)
Definition: pqsignal.h:19
void AtEOXact_Files(bool isCommit)
Definition: fd.c:2896
Latch procLatch
Definition: proc.h:104
int WaitLatch(Latch *latch, int wakeEvents, long timeout, uint32 wait_event_info)
Definition: latch.c:365
void smgrcloseall(void)
Definition: smgr.c:286
#define RESUME_INTERRUPTS()
Definition: miscadmin.h:118
ErrorContextCallback * error_context_stack
Definition: elog.c:92
#define CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_XLOG
Definition: xlog.h:232
PgStat_Counter m_requested_checkpoints
Definition: pgstat.h:428
#define SpinLockAcquire(lock)
Definition: spin.h:62
void pg_usleep(long microsec)
Definition: signal.c:53
void AtEOXact_SMgr(void)
Definition: smgr.c:638
void SignalHandlerForCrashExit(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: interrupt.c:72
void AbsorbSyncRequests(void)
void ConditionVariableCancelSleep(void)
XLogRecPtr GetXLogReplayRecPtr(TimeLineID *replayTLI)
Definition: xlog.c:11463
#define ALLOCSET_DEFAULT_SIZES
Definition: memutils.h:192
int CheckPointTimeout
Definition: checkpointer.c:146
#define CHECKPOINT_END_OF_RECOVERY
Definition: xlog.h:222
#define SIGHUP
Definition: win32_port.h:153
sigset_t UnBlockSig
Definition: pqsignal.c:22
static void pgstat_report_wait_end(void)
Definition: pgstat.h:1380
MemoryContext TopMemoryContext
Definition: mcxt.c:44
ConditionVariable done_cv
Definition: checkpointer.c:128
void SignalHandlerForShutdownRequest(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: interrupt.c:104
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:138
#define SIG_IGN
Definition: win32_port.h:150
void UnlockBuffers(void)
Definition: bufmgr.c:3694
#define MemoryContextResetAndDeleteChildren(ctx)
Definition: memutils.h:67
#define SpinLockRelease(lock)
Definition: spin.h:64
static void UpdateSharedMemoryConfig(void)
sigset_t BlockSig
Definition: pqsignal.c:22
void EmitErrorReport(void)
Definition: elog.c:1423
static pg_time_t last_xlog_switch_time
Definition: checkpointer.c:161
void pgstat_send_bgwriter(void)
Definition: pgstat.c:4383
static bool ckpt_active
Definition: checkpointer.c:153
#define ereport(elevel,...)
Definition: elog.h:144
static pg_time_t ckpt_start_time
Definition: checkpointer.c:156
pqsigfunc pqsignal(int signum, pqsigfunc handler)
Definition: signal.c:170
static XLogRecPtr ckpt_start_recptr
Definition: checkpointer.c:157
Latch * checkpointerLatch
Definition: proc.h:265
#define SIG_DFL
Definition: win32_port.h:148
#define SIGALRM
Definition: win32_port.h:159
void AbortBufferIO(void)
Definition: bufmgr.c:4172
sigjmp_buf * PG_exception_stack
Definition: elog.c:94
static double ckpt_cached_elapsed
Definition: checkpointer.c:158
static void CheckArchiveTimeout(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:582
#define HOLD_INTERRUPTS()
Definition: miscadmin.h:116
#define CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_TIME
Definition: xlog.h:233
struct Latch * MyLatch
Definition: globals.c:54
void LWLockReleaseAll(void)
Definition: lwlock.c:1911
void procsignal_sigusr1_handler(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: procsignal.c:533
void AtEOXact_HashTables(bool isCommit)
Definition: dynahash.c:1838
static pg_time_t last_checkpoint_time
Definition: checkpointer.c:160
#define WL_LATCH_SET
Definition: latch.h:124
Datum now(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: timestamp.c:1538
#define WL_EXIT_ON_PM_DEATH
Definition: latch.h:129
ConditionVariable start_cv
Definition: checkpointer.c:127

◆ CheckpointerShmemInit()

void CheckpointerShmemInit ( void  )

Definition at line 860 of file checkpointer.c.

References CheckpointerShmemSize(), CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_lck, ConditionVariableInit(), CheckpointerShmemStruct::done_cv, CheckpointerShmemStruct::max_requests, MemSet, NBuffers, ShmemInitStruct(), SpinLockInit, and CheckpointerShmemStruct::start_cv.

Referenced by CreateSharedMemoryAndSemaphores().

861 {
862  Size size = CheckpointerShmemSize();
863  bool found;
864 
866  ShmemInitStruct("Checkpointer Data",
867  size,
868  &found);
869 
870  if (!found)
871  {
872  /*
873  * First time through, so initialize. Note that we zero the whole
874  * requests array; this is so that CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue can
875  * assume that any pad bytes in the request structs are zeroes.
876  */
877  MemSet(CheckpointerShmem, 0, size);
882  }
883 }
#define SpinLockInit(lock)
Definition: spin.h:60
#define MemSet(start, val, len)
Definition: c.h:971
void ConditionVariableInit(ConditionVariable *cv)
void * ShmemInitStruct(const char *name, Size size, bool *foundPtr)
Definition: shmem.c:392
ConditionVariable done_cv
Definition: checkpointer.c:128
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:138
Size CheckpointerShmemSize(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:841
size_t Size
Definition: c.h:466
int NBuffers
Definition: globals.c:131
ConditionVariable start_cv
Definition: checkpointer.c:127

◆ CheckpointerShmemSize()

Size CheckpointerShmemSize ( void  )

Definition at line 841 of file checkpointer.c.

References add_size(), mul_size(), NBuffers, and offsetof.

Referenced by CheckpointerShmemInit(), and CreateSharedMemoryAndSemaphores().

842 {
843  Size size;
844 
845  /*
846  * Currently, the size of the requests[] array is arbitrarily set equal to
847  * NBuffers. This may prove too large or small ...
848  */
849  size = offsetof(CheckpointerShmemStruct, requests);
850  size = add_size(size, mul_size(NBuffers, sizeof(CheckpointerRequest)));
851 
852  return size;
853 }
Size mul_size(Size s1, Size s2)
Definition: shmem.c:515
Size add_size(Size s1, Size s2)
Definition: shmem.c:498
size_t Size
Definition: c.h:466
int NBuffers
Definition: globals.c:131
#define offsetof(type, field)
Definition: c.h:661

◆ CheckpointWriteDelay()

void CheckpointWriteDelay ( int  flags,
double  progress 
)

Definition at line 670 of file checkpointer.c.

References AbsorbSyncRequests(), AmCheckpointerProcess, CheckArchiveTimeout(), CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE, ConfigReloadPending, ImmediateCheckpointRequested(), IsCheckpointOnSchedule(), pg_usleep(), PGC_SIGHUP, pgstat_send_bgwriter(), ProcessConfigFile(), ProcessProcSignalBarrier(), ProcSignalBarrierPending, ShutdownRequestPending, UpdateSharedMemoryConfig(), and WRITES_PER_ABSORB.

Referenced by BufferSync().

671 {
672  static int absorb_counter = WRITES_PER_ABSORB;
673 
674  /* Do nothing if checkpoint is being executed by non-checkpointer process */
675  if (!AmCheckpointerProcess())
676  return;
677 
678  /*
679  * Perform the usual duties and take a nap, unless we're behind schedule,
680  * in which case we just try to catch up as quickly as possible.
681  */
682  if (!(flags & CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE) &&
686  {
688  {
689  ConfigReloadPending = false;
691  /* update shmem copies of config variables */
693  }
694 
696  absorb_counter = WRITES_PER_ABSORB;
697 
699 
700  /*
701  * Report interim activity statistics to the stats collector.
702  */
704 
705  /*
706  * This sleep used to be connected to bgwriter_delay, typically 200ms.
707  * That resulted in more frequent wakeups if not much work to do.
708  * Checkpointer and bgwriter are no longer related so take the Big
709  * Sleep.
710  */
711  pg_usleep(100000L);
712  }
713  else if (--absorb_counter <= 0)
714  {
715  /*
716  * Absorb pending fsync requests after each WRITES_PER_ABSORB write
717  * operations even when we don't sleep, to prevent overflow of the
718  * fsync request queue.
719  */
721  absorb_counter = WRITES_PER_ABSORB;
722  }
723 
724  /* Check for barrier events. */
727 }
static bool IsCheckpointOnSchedule(double progress)
Definition: checkpointer.c:738
void ProcessConfigFile(GucContext context)
void ProcessProcSignalBarrier(void)
Definition: procsignal.c:429
static bool ImmediateCheckpointRequested(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:643
void pg_usleep(long microsec)
Definition: signal.c:53
void AbsorbSyncRequests(void)
#define AmCheckpointerProcess()
Definition: miscadmin.h:432
volatile sig_atomic_t ShutdownRequestPending
Definition: interrupt.c:27
Definition: guc.h:72
int progress
Definition: pgbench.c:234
static void UpdateSharedMemoryConfig(void)
#define WRITES_PER_ABSORB
Definition: checkpointer.c:141
void pgstat_send_bgwriter(void)
Definition: pgstat.c:4383
volatile sig_atomic_t ProcSignalBarrierPending
Definition: globals.c:35
static void CheckArchiveTimeout(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:582
volatile sig_atomic_t ConfigReloadPending
Definition: interrupt.c:26
#define CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE
Definition: xlog.h:224

◆ CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue()

static bool CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue ( void  )
static

Definition at line 1129 of file checkpointer.c.

References Assert, CurrentMemoryContext, DEBUG1, HASHCTL::entrysize, ereport, errmsg(), HASH_BLOBS, HASH_CONTEXT, hash_create(), hash_destroy(), HASH_ELEM, HASH_ENTER, hash_search(), HASHCTL::hcxt, HASHCTL::keysize, LWLockHeldByMe(), MemSet, CheckpointerShmemStruct::num_requests, palloc0(), pfree(), and CheckpointerShmemStruct::requests.

Referenced by ForwardSyncRequest().

1130 {
1131  struct CheckpointerSlotMapping
1132  {
1133  CheckpointerRequest request;
1134  int slot;
1135  };
1136 
1137  int n,
1138  preserve_count;
1139  int num_skipped = 0;
1140  HASHCTL ctl;
1141  HTAB *htab;
1142  bool *skip_slot;
1143 
1144  /* must hold CheckpointerCommLock in exclusive mode */
1145  Assert(LWLockHeldByMe(CheckpointerCommLock));
1146 
1147  /* Initialize skip_slot array */
1148  skip_slot = palloc0(sizeof(bool) * CheckpointerShmem->num_requests);
1149 
1150  /* Initialize temporary hash table */
1151  MemSet(&ctl, 0, sizeof(ctl));
1152  ctl.keysize = sizeof(CheckpointerRequest);
1153  ctl.entrysize = sizeof(struct CheckpointerSlotMapping);
1154  ctl.hcxt = CurrentMemoryContext;
1155 
1156  htab = hash_create("CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue",
1158  &ctl,
1160 
1161  /*
1162  * The basic idea here is that a request can be skipped if it's followed
1163  * by a later, identical request. It might seem more sensible to work
1164  * backwards from the end of the queue and check whether a request is
1165  * *preceded* by an earlier, identical request, in the hopes of doing less
1166  * copying. But that might change the semantics, if there's an
1167  * intervening SYNC_FORGET_REQUEST or SYNC_FILTER_REQUEST, so we do it
1168  * this way. It would be possible to be even smarter if we made the code
1169  * below understand the specific semantics of such requests (it could blow
1170  * away preceding entries that would end up being canceled anyhow), but
1171  * it's not clear that the extra complexity would buy us anything.
1172  */
1173  for (n = 0; n < CheckpointerShmem->num_requests; n++)
1174  {
1175  CheckpointerRequest *request;
1176  struct CheckpointerSlotMapping *slotmap;
1177  bool found;
1178 
1179  /*
1180  * We use the request struct directly as a hashtable key. This
1181  * assumes that any padding bytes in the structs are consistently the
1182  * same, which should be okay because we zeroed them in
1183  * CheckpointerShmemInit. Note also that RelFileNode had better
1184  * contain no pad bytes.
1185  */
1186  request = &CheckpointerShmem->requests[n];
1187  slotmap = hash_search(htab, request, HASH_ENTER, &found);
1188  if (found)
1189  {
1190  /* Duplicate, so mark the previous occurrence as skippable */
1191  skip_slot[slotmap->slot] = true;
1192  num_skipped++;
1193  }
1194  /* Remember slot containing latest occurrence of this request value */
1195  slotmap->slot = n;
1196  }
1197 
1198  /* Done with the hash table. */
1199  hash_destroy(htab);
1200 
1201  /* If no duplicates, we're out of luck. */
1202  if (!num_skipped)
1203  {
1204  pfree(skip_slot);
1205  return false;
1206  }
1207 
1208  /* We found some duplicates; remove them. */
1209  preserve_count = 0;
1210  for (n = 0; n < CheckpointerShmem->num_requests; n++)
1211  {
1212  if (skip_slot[n])
1213  continue;
1214  CheckpointerShmem->requests[preserve_count++] = CheckpointerShmem->requests[n];
1215  }
1216  ereport(DEBUG1,
1217  (errmsg("compacted fsync request queue from %d entries to %d entries",
1218  CheckpointerShmem->num_requests, preserve_count)));
1219  CheckpointerShmem->num_requests = preserve_count;
1220 
1221  /* Cleanup. */
1222  pfree(skip_slot);
1223  return true;
1224 }
void hash_destroy(HTAB *hashp)
Definition: dynahash.c:816
#define DEBUG1
Definition: elog.h:25
#define HASH_CONTEXT
Definition: hsearch.h:93
#define HASH_ELEM
Definition: hsearch.h:87
MemoryContext hcxt
Definition: hsearch.h:78
bool LWLockHeldByMe(LWLock *l)
Definition: lwlock.c:1928
Size entrysize
Definition: hsearch.h:73
CheckpointerRequest requests[FLEXIBLE_ARRAY_MEMBER]
Definition: checkpointer.c:135
#define MemSet(start, val, len)
Definition: c.h:971
void * hash_search(HTAB *hashp, const void *keyPtr, HASHACTION action, bool *foundPtr)
Definition: dynahash.c:908
Definition: dynahash.c:210
void pfree(void *pointer)
Definition: mcxt.c:1056
MemoryContext CurrentMemoryContext
Definition: mcxt.c:38
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:138
#define HASH_BLOBS
Definition: hsearch.h:88
void * palloc0(Size size)
Definition: mcxt.c:980
HTAB * hash_create(const char *tabname, long nelem, HASHCTL *info, int flags)
Definition: dynahash.c:318
Size keysize
Definition: hsearch.h:72
#define ereport(elevel,...)
Definition: elog.h:144
#define Assert(condition)
Definition: c.h:738
int errmsg(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: elog.c:824

◆ FirstCallSinceLastCheckpoint()

bool FirstCallSinceLastCheckpoint ( void  )

Definition at line 1309 of file checkpointer.c.

References CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_done, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_lck, SpinLockAcquire, and SpinLockRelease.

Referenced by BackgroundWriterMain().

1310 {
1311  static int ckpt_done = 0;
1312  int new_done;
1313  bool FirstCall = false;
1314 
1316  new_done = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_done;
1318 
1319  if (new_done != ckpt_done)
1320  FirstCall = true;
1321 
1322  ckpt_done = new_done;
1323 
1324  return FirstCall;
1325 }
#define SpinLockAcquire(lock)
Definition: spin.h:62
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:138
#define SpinLockRelease(lock)
Definition: spin.h:64

◆ ForwardSyncRequest()

bool ForwardSyncRequest ( const FileTag ftag,
SyncRequestType  type 
)

Definition at line 1058 of file checkpointer.c.

References AmBackgroundWriterProcess, AmCheckpointerProcess, CheckpointerShmemStruct::checkpointer_pid, PROC_HDR::checkpointerLatch, CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue(), elog, ERROR, CheckpointerRequest::ftag, IsUnderPostmaster, LW_EXCLUSIVE, LWLockAcquire(), LWLockRelease(), CheckpointerShmemStruct::max_requests, CheckpointerShmemStruct::num_backend_fsync, CheckpointerShmemStruct::num_backend_writes, CheckpointerShmemStruct::num_requests, ProcGlobal, CheckpointerShmemStruct::requests, SetLatch(), CheckpointerRequest::type, and generate_unaccent_rules::type.

Referenced by RegisterSyncRequest().

1059 {
1060  CheckpointerRequest *request;
1061  bool too_full;
1062 
1063  if (!IsUnderPostmaster)
1064  return false; /* probably shouldn't even get here */
1065 
1066  if (AmCheckpointerProcess())
1067  elog(ERROR, "ForwardSyncRequest must not be called in checkpointer");
1068 
1069  LWLockAcquire(CheckpointerCommLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);
1070 
1071  /* Count all backend writes regardless of if they fit in the queue */
1074 
1075  /*
1076  * If the checkpointer isn't running or the request queue is full, the
1077  * backend will have to perform its own fsync request. But before forcing
1078  * that to happen, we can try to compact the request queue.
1079  */
1080  if (CheckpointerShmem->checkpointer_pid == 0 ||
1083  {
1084  /*
1085  * Count the subset of writes where backends have to do their own
1086  * fsync
1087  */
1090  LWLockRelease(CheckpointerCommLock);
1091  return false;
1092  }
1093 
1094  /* OK, insert request */
1096  request->ftag = *ftag;
1097  request->type = type;
1098 
1099  /* If queue is more than half full, nudge the checkpointer to empty it */
1100  too_full = (CheckpointerShmem->num_requests >=
1102 
1103  LWLockRelease(CheckpointerCommLock);
1104 
1105  /* ... but not till after we release the lock */
1106  if (too_full && ProcGlobal->checkpointerLatch)
1108 
1109  return true;
1110 }
SyncRequestType type
Definition: checkpointer.c:111
CheckpointerRequest requests[FLEXIBLE_ARRAY_MEMBER]
Definition: checkpointer.c:135
PROC_HDR * ProcGlobal
Definition: proc.c:80
void SetLatch(Latch *latch)
Definition: latch.c:457
void LWLockRelease(LWLock *lock)
Definition: lwlock.c:1812
#define AmBackgroundWriterProcess()
Definition: miscadmin.h:431
#define ERROR
Definition: elog.h:43
#define AmCheckpointerProcess()
Definition: miscadmin.h:432
static bool CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue(void)
bool IsUnderPostmaster
Definition: globals.c:109
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:138
Latch * checkpointerLatch
Definition: proc.h:265
bool LWLockAcquire(LWLock *lock, LWLockMode mode)
Definition: lwlock.c:1208
#define elog(elevel,...)
Definition: elog.h:214

◆ HandleCheckpointerInterrupts()

static void HandleCheckpointerInterrupts ( void  )
static

Definition at line 532 of file checkpointer.c.

References ConfigReloadPending, ExitOnAnyError, PGC_SIGHUP, proc_exit(), ProcessConfigFile(), ProcessProcSignalBarrier(), ProcSignalBarrierPending, ShutdownRequestPending, ShutdownXLOG(), and UpdateSharedMemoryConfig().

Referenced by CheckpointerMain().

533 {
536 
538  {
539  ConfigReloadPending = false;
541 
542  /*
543  * Checkpointer is the last process to shut down, so we ask it to hold
544  * the keys for a range of other tasks required most of which have
545  * nothing to do with checkpointing at all.
546  *
547  * For various reasons, some config values can change dynamically so
548  * the primary copy of them is held in shared memory to make sure all
549  * backends see the same value. We make Checkpointer responsible for
550  * updating the shared memory copy if the parameter setting changes
551  * because of SIGHUP.
552  */
554  }
556  {
557  /*
558  * From here on, elog(ERROR) should end with exit(1), not send control
559  * back to the sigsetjmp block above
560  */
561  ExitOnAnyError = true;
562  /* Close down the database */
563  ShutdownXLOG(0, 0);
564  /* Normal exit from the checkpointer is here */
565  proc_exit(0); /* done */
566  }
567 }
void ProcessConfigFile(GucContext context)
void ProcessProcSignalBarrier(void)
Definition: procsignal.c:429
void proc_exit(int code)
Definition: ipc.c:104
volatile sig_atomic_t ShutdownRequestPending
Definition: interrupt.c:27
Definition: guc.h:72
void ShutdownXLOG(int code, Datum arg)
Definition: xlog.c:8484
bool ExitOnAnyError
Definition: globals.c:113
static void UpdateSharedMemoryConfig(void)
volatile sig_atomic_t ProcSignalBarrierPending
Definition: globals.c:35
volatile sig_atomic_t ConfigReloadPending
Definition: interrupt.c:26

◆ ImmediateCheckpointRequested()

static bool ImmediateCheckpointRequested ( void  )
static

Definition at line 643 of file checkpointer.c.

References CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE, CheckpointerShmem, and CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_flags.

Referenced by CheckpointWriteDelay().

644 {
646 
647  /*
648  * We don't need to acquire the ckpt_lck in this case because we're only
649  * looking at a single flag bit.
650  */
651  if (cps->ckpt_flags & CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE)
652  return true;
653  return false;
654 }
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:138
#define CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE
Definition: xlog.h:224

◆ IsCheckpointOnSchedule()

static bool IsCheckpointOnSchedule ( double  progress)
static

Definition at line 738 of file checkpointer.c.

References Assert, CheckPointCompletionTarget, CheckPointSegments, CheckPointTimeout, ckpt_active, ckpt_cached_elapsed, ckpt_start_recptr, ckpt_start_time, elapsed_time(), GetInsertRecPtr(), gettimeofday(), GetXLogReplayRecPtr(), RecoveryInProgress(), and wal_segment_size.

Referenced by CheckpointWriteDelay().

739 {
740  XLogRecPtr recptr;
741  struct timeval now;
742  double elapsed_xlogs,
743  elapsed_time;
744 
746 
747  /* Scale progress according to checkpoint_completion_target. */
749 
750  /*
751  * Check against the cached value first. Only do the more expensive
752  * calculations once we reach the target previously calculated. Since
753  * neither time or WAL insert pointer moves backwards, a freshly
754  * calculated value can only be greater than or equal to the cached value.
755  */
757  return false;
758 
759  /*
760  * Check progress against WAL segments written and CheckPointSegments.
761  *
762  * We compare the current WAL insert location against the location
763  * computed before calling CreateCheckPoint. The code in XLogInsert that
764  * actually triggers a checkpoint when CheckPointSegments is exceeded
765  * compares against RedoRecPtr, so this is not completely accurate.
766  * However, it's good enough for our purposes, we're only calculating an
767  * estimate anyway.
768  *
769  * During recovery, we compare last replayed WAL record's location with
770  * the location computed before calling CreateRestartPoint. That maintains
771  * the same pacing as we have during checkpoints in normal operation, but
772  * we might exceed max_wal_size by a fair amount. That's because there can
773  * be a large gap between a checkpoint's redo-pointer and the checkpoint
774  * record itself, and we only start the restartpoint after we've seen the
775  * checkpoint record. (The gap is typically up to CheckPointSegments *
776  * checkpoint_completion_target where checkpoint_completion_target is the
777  * value that was in effect when the WAL was generated).
778  */
779  if (RecoveryInProgress())
780  recptr = GetXLogReplayRecPtr(NULL);
781  else
782  recptr = GetInsertRecPtr();
783  elapsed_xlogs = (((double) (recptr - ckpt_start_recptr)) /
785 
786  if (progress < elapsed_xlogs)
787  {
788  ckpt_cached_elapsed = elapsed_xlogs;
789  return false;
790  }
791 
792  /*
793  * Check progress against time elapsed and checkpoint_timeout.
794  */
795  gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
796  elapsed_time = ((double) ((pg_time_t) now.tv_sec - ckpt_start_time) +
797  now.tv_usec / 1000000.0) / CheckPointTimeout;
798 
799  if (progress < elapsed_time)
800  {
802  return false;
803  }
804 
805  /* It looks like we're on schedule. */
806  return true;
807 }
int gettimeofday(struct timeval *tp, struct timezone *tzp)
Definition: gettimeofday.c:104
XLogRecPtr GetInsertRecPtr(void)
Definition: xlog.c:8404
int64 pg_time_t
Definition: pgtime.h:23
int wal_segment_size
Definition: xlog.c:116
bool RecoveryInProgress(void)
Definition: xlog.c:8069
XLogRecPtr GetXLogReplayRecPtr(TimeLineID *replayTLI)
Definition: xlog.c:11463
int CheckPointTimeout
Definition: checkpointer.c:146
int CheckPointSegments
Definition: xlog.c:129
int progress
Definition: pgbench.c:234
static bool ckpt_active
Definition: checkpointer.c:153
static pg_time_t ckpt_start_time
Definition: checkpointer.c:156
static XLogRecPtr ckpt_start_recptr
Definition: checkpointer.c:157
uint64 XLogRecPtr
Definition: xlogdefs.h:21
#define Assert(condition)
Definition: c.h:738
static double elapsed_time(instr_time *starttime)
Definition: explain.c:1028
static double ckpt_cached_elapsed
Definition: checkpointer.c:158
Datum now(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: timestamp.c:1538
double CheckPointCompletionTarget
Definition: checkpointer.c:148

◆ ReqCheckpointHandler()

static void ReqCheckpointHandler ( SIGNAL_ARGS  )
static

Definition at line 817 of file checkpointer.c.

References MyLatch, and SetLatch().

Referenced by CheckpointerMain().

818 {
819  int save_errno = errno;
820 
821  /*
822  * The signalling process should have set ckpt_flags nonzero, so all we
823  * need do is ensure that our main loop gets kicked out of any wait.
824  */
825  SetLatch(MyLatch);
826 
827  errno = save_errno;
828 }
void SetLatch(Latch *latch)
Definition: latch.c:457
struct Latch * MyLatch
Definition: globals.c:54

◆ RequestCheckpoint()

void RequestCheckpoint ( int  flags)

Definition at line 903 of file checkpointer.c.

References CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPTS, CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE, CHECKPOINT_REQUESTED, CHECKPOINT_WAIT, CheckpointerShmemStruct::checkpointer_pid, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_done, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_failed, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_flags, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_lck, CheckpointerShmemStruct::ckpt_started, ConditionVariableCancelSleep(), ConditionVariablePrepareToSleep(), ConditionVariableSleep(), CreateCheckPoint(), CheckpointerShmemStruct::done_cv, elog, ereport, errhint(), errmsg(), ERROR, IsPostmasterEnvironment, kill, LOG, MAX_SIGNAL_TRIES, pg_usleep(), smgrcloseall(), SpinLockAcquire, SpinLockRelease, CheckpointerShmemStruct::start_cv, WAIT_EVENT_CHECKPOINT_DONE, and WAIT_EVENT_CHECKPOINT_START.

Referenced by createdb(), do_pg_start_backup(), dropdb(), DropTableSpace(), movedb(), standard_ProcessUtility(), StartupXLOG(), XLogPageRead(), and XLogWrite().

904 {
905  int ntries;
906  int old_failed,
907  old_started;
908 
909  /*
910  * If in a standalone backend, just do it ourselves.
911  */
913  {
914  /*
915  * There's no point in doing slow checkpoints in a standalone backend,
916  * because there's no other backends the checkpoint could disrupt.
917  */
919 
920  /*
921  * After any checkpoint, close all smgr files. This is so we won't
922  * hang onto smgr references to deleted files indefinitely.
923  */
924  smgrcloseall();
925 
926  return;
927  }
928 
929  /*
930  * Atomically set the request flags, and take a snapshot of the counters.
931  * When we see ckpt_started > old_started, we know the flags we set here
932  * have been seen by checkpointer.
933  *
934  * Note that we OR the flags with any existing flags, to avoid overriding
935  * a "stronger" request by another backend. The flag senses must be
936  * chosen to make this work!
937  */
939 
940  old_failed = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_failed;
941  old_started = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started;
943 
945 
946  /*
947  * Send signal to request checkpoint. It's possible that the checkpointer
948  * hasn't started yet, or is in process of restarting, so we will retry a
949  * few times if needed. (Actually, more than a few times, since on slow
950  * or overloaded buildfarm machines, it's been observed that the
951  * checkpointer can take several seconds to start.) However, if not told
952  * to wait for the checkpoint to occur, we consider failure to send the
953  * signal to be nonfatal and merely LOG it. The checkpointer should see
954  * the request when it does start, with or without getting a signal.
955  */
956 #define MAX_SIGNAL_TRIES 600 /* max wait 60.0 sec */
957  for (ntries = 0;; ntries++)
958  {
960  {
961  if (ntries >= MAX_SIGNAL_TRIES || !(flags & CHECKPOINT_WAIT))
962  {
963  elog((flags & CHECKPOINT_WAIT) ? ERROR : LOG,
964  "could not signal for checkpoint: checkpointer is not running");
965  break;
966  }
967  }
968  else if (kill(CheckpointerShmem->checkpointer_pid, SIGINT) != 0)
969  {
970  if (ntries >= MAX_SIGNAL_TRIES || !(flags & CHECKPOINT_WAIT))
971  {
972  elog((flags & CHECKPOINT_WAIT) ? ERROR : LOG,
973  "could not signal for checkpoint: %m");
974  break;
975  }
976  }
977  else
978  break; /* signal sent successfully */
979 
981  pg_usleep(100000L); /* wait 0.1 sec, then retry */
982  }
983 
984  /*
985  * If requested, wait for completion. We detect completion according to
986  * the algorithm given above.
987  */
988  if (flags & CHECKPOINT_WAIT)
989  {
990  int new_started,
991  new_failed;
992 
993  /* Wait for a new checkpoint to start. */
995  for (;;)
996  {
998  new_started = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started;
1000 
1001  if (new_started != old_started)
1002  break;
1003 
1006  }
1008 
1009  /*
1010  * We are waiting for ckpt_done >= new_started, in a modulo sense.
1011  */
1013  for (;;)
1014  {
1015  int new_done;
1016 
1018  new_done = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_done;
1019  new_failed = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_failed;
1021 
1022  if (new_done - new_started >= 0)
1023  break;
1024 
1027  }
1029 
1030  if (new_failed != old_failed)
1031  ereport(ERROR,
1032  (errmsg("checkpoint request failed"),
1033  errhint("Consult recent messages in the server log for details.")));
1034  }
1035 }
bool IsPostmasterEnvironment
Definition: globals.c:108
int errhint(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: elog.c:1071
void CreateCheckPoint(int flags)
Definition: xlog.c:8700
#define kill(pid, sig)
Definition: win32_port.h:426
#define LOG
Definition: elog.h:26
void smgrcloseall(void)
Definition: smgr.c:286
void ConditionVariablePrepareToSleep(ConditionVariable *cv)
#define SpinLockAcquire(lock)
Definition: spin.h:62
void pg_usleep(long microsec)
Definition: signal.c:53
void ConditionVariableCancelSleep(void)
#define ERROR
Definition: elog.h:43
#define CHECKPOINT_REQUESTED
Definition: xlog.h:230
ConditionVariable done_cv
Definition: checkpointer.c:128
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:138
#define SpinLockRelease(lock)
Definition: spin.h:64
#define ereport(elevel,...)
Definition: elog.h:144
#define CHECKPOINT_WAIT
Definition: xlog.h:229
void ConditionVariableSleep(ConditionVariable *cv, uint32 wait_event_info)
#define MAX_SIGNAL_TRIES
int errmsg(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: elog.c:824
#define elog(elevel,...)
Definition: elog.h:214
#define CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE
Definition: xlog.h:224
#define CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPTS()
Definition: miscadmin.h:99
ConditionVariable start_cv
Definition: checkpointer.c:127

◆ UpdateSharedMemoryConfig()

static void UpdateSharedMemoryConfig ( void  )
static

Definition at line 1290 of file checkpointer.c.

References DEBUG2, elog, SyncRepUpdateSyncStandbysDefined(), and UpdateFullPageWrites().

Referenced by CheckpointerMain(), CheckpointWriteDelay(), and HandleCheckpointerInterrupts().

1291 {
1292  /* update global shmem state for sync rep */
1294 
1295  /*
1296  * If full_page_writes has been changed by SIGHUP, we update it in shared
1297  * memory and write an XLOG_FPW_CHANGE record.
1298  */
1300 
1301  elog(DEBUG2, "checkpointer updated shared memory configuration values");
1302 }
void SyncRepUpdateSyncStandbysDefined(void)
Definition: syncrep.c:936
#define DEBUG2
Definition: elog.h:24
void UpdateFullPageWrites(void)
Definition: xlog.c:9766
#define elog(elevel,...)
Definition: elog.h:214

Variable Documentation

◆ CheckPointCompletionTarget

double CheckPointCompletionTarget = 0.5

◆ CheckpointerShmem

CheckpointerShmemStruct* CheckpointerShmem
static

Definition at line 138 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by ImmediateCheckpointRequested().

◆ CheckPointTimeout

int CheckPointTimeout = 300

Definition at line 146 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain(), and IsCheckpointOnSchedule().

◆ CheckPointWarning

int CheckPointWarning = 30

Definition at line 147 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain().

◆ ckpt_active

bool ckpt_active = false
static

Definition at line 153 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain(), and IsCheckpointOnSchedule().

◆ ckpt_cached_elapsed

double ckpt_cached_elapsed
static

Definition at line 158 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain(), and IsCheckpointOnSchedule().

◆ ckpt_start_recptr

XLogRecPtr ckpt_start_recptr
static

Definition at line 157 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain(), and IsCheckpointOnSchedule().

◆ ckpt_start_time

pg_time_t ckpt_start_time
static

Definition at line 156 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain(), and IsCheckpointOnSchedule().

◆ last_checkpoint_time

pg_time_t last_checkpoint_time
static

Definition at line 160 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckpointerMain().

◆ last_xlog_switch_time

pg_time_t last_xlog_switch_time
static

Definition at line 161 of file checkpointer.c.

Referenced by CheckArchiveTimeout(), and CheckpointerMain().