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checkpointer.c
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1 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
2  *
3  * checkpointer.c
4  *
5  * The checkpointer is new as of Postgres 9.2. It handles all checkpoints.
6  * Checkpoints are automatically dispatched after a certain amount of time has
7  * elapsed since the last one, and it can be signaled to perform requested
8  * checkpoints as well. (The GUC parameter that mandates a checkpoint every
9  * so many WAL segments is implemented by having backends signal when they
10  * fill WAL segments; the checkpointer itself doesn't watch for the
11  * condition.)
12  *
13  * The checkpointer is started by the postmaster as soon as the startup
14  * subprocess finishes, or as soon as recovery begins if we are doing archive
15  * recovery. It remains alive until the postmaster commands it to terminate.
16  * Normal termination is by SIGUSR2, which instructs the checkpointer to
17  * execute a shutdown checkpoint and then exit(0). (All backends must be
18  * stopped before SIGUSR2 is issued!) Emergency termination is by SIGQUIT;
19  * like any backend, the checkpointer will simply abort and exit on SIGQUIT.
20  *
21  * If the checkpointer exits unexpectedly, the postmaster treats that the same
22  * as a backend crash: shared memory may be corrupted, so remaining backends
23  * should be killed by SIGQUIT and then a recovery cycle started. (Even if
24  * shared memory isn't corrupted, we have lost information about which
25  * files need to be fsync'd for the next checkpoint, and so a system
26  * restart needs to be forced.)
27  *
28  *
29  * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2017, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
30  *
31  *
32  * IDENTIFICATION
33  * src/backend/postmaster/checkpointer.c
34  *
35  *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
36  */
37 #include "postgres.h"
38 
39 #include <signal.h>
40 #include <sys/time.h>
41 #include <time.h>
42 #include <unistd.h>
43 
44 #include "access/xlog.h"
45 #include "access/xlog_internal.h"
46 #include "libpq/pqsignal.h"
47 #include "miscadmin.h"
48 #include "pgstat.h"
49 #include "postmaster/bgwriter.h"
50 #include "replication/syncrep.h"
51 #include "storage/bufmgr.h"
53 #include "storage/fd.h"
54 #include "storage/ipc.h"
55 #include "storage/lwlock.h"
56 #include "storage/proc.h"
57 #include "storage/shmem.h"
58 #include "storage/smgr.h"
59 #include "storage/spin.h"
60 #include "utils/guc.h"
61 #include "utils/memutils.h"
62 #include "utils/resowner.h"
63 
64 
65 /*----------
66  * Shared memory area for communication between checkpointer and backends
67  *
68  * The ckpt counters allow backends to watch for completion of a checkpoint
69  * request they send. Here's how it works:
70  * * At start of a checkpoint, checkpointer reads (and clears) the request
71  * flags and increments ckpt_started, while holding ckpt_lck.
72  * * On completion of a checkpoint, checkpointer sets ckpt_done to
73  * equal ckpt_started.
74  * * On failure of a checkpoint, checkpointer increments ckpt_failed
75  * and sets ckpt_done to equal ckpt_started.
76  *
77  * The algorithm for backends is:
78  * 1. Record current values of ckpt_failed and ckpt_started, and
79  * set request flags, while holding ckpt_lck.
80  * 2. Send signal to request checkpoint.
81  * 3. Sleep until ckpt_started changes. Now you know a checkpoint has
82  * begun since you started this algorithm (although *not* that it was
83  * specifically initiated by your signal), and that it is using your flags.
84  * 4. Record new value of ckpt_started.
85  * 5. Sleep until ckpt_done >= saved value of ckpt_started. (Use modulo
86  * arithmetic here in case counters wrap around.) Now you know a
87  * checkpoint has started and completed, but not whether it was
88  * successful.
89  * 6. If ckpt_failed is different from the originally saved value,
90  * assume request failed; otherwise it was definitely successful.
91  *
92  * ckpt_flags holds the OR of the checkpoint request flags sent by all
93  * requesting backends since the last checkpoint start. The flags are
94  * chosen so that OR'ing is the correct way to combine multiple requests.
95  *
96  * num_backend_writes is used to count the number of buffer writes performed
97  * by user backend processes. This counter should be wide enough that it
98  * can't overflow during a single processing cycle. num_backend_fsync
99  * counts the subset of those writes that also had to do their own fsync,
100  * because the checkpointer failed to absorb their request.
101  *
102  * The requests array holds fsync requests sent by backends and not yet
103  * absorbed by the checkpointer.
104  *
105  * Unlike the checkpoint fields, num_backend_writes, num_backend_fsync, and
106  * the requests fields are protected by CheckpointerCommLock.
107  *----------
108  */
109 typedef struct
110 {
113  BlockNumber segno; /* see md.c for special values */
114  /* might add a real request-type field later; not needed yet */
116 
117 typedef struct
118 {
119  pid_t checkpointer_pid; /* PID (0 if not started) */
120 
121  slock_t ckpt_lck; /* protects all the ckpt_* fields */
122 
123  int ckpt_started; /* advances when checkpoint starts */
124  int ckpt_done; /* advances when checkpoint done */
125  int ckpt_failed; /* advances when checkpoint fails */
126 
127  int ckpt_flags; /* checkpoint flags, as defined in xlog.h */
128 
129  uint32 num_backend_writes; /* counts user backend buffer writes */
130  uint32 num_backend_fsync; /* counts user backend fsync calls */
131 
132  int num_requests; /* current # of requests */
133  int max_requests; /* allocated array size */
134  CheckpointerRequest requests[FLEXIBLE_ARRAY_MEMBER];
136 
138 
139 /* interval for calling AbsorbFsyncRequests in CheckpointWriteDelay */
140 #define WRITES_PER_ABSORB 1000
141 
142 /*
143  * GUC parameters
144  */
148 
149 /*
150  * Flags set by interrupt handlers for later service in the main loop.
151  */
152 static volatile sig_atomic_t got_SIGHUP = false;
153 static volatile sig_atomic_t checkpoint_requested = false;
154 static volatile sig_atomic_t shutdown_requested = false;
155 
156 /*
157  * Private state
158  */
159 static bool ckpt_active = false;
160 
161 /* these values are valid when ckpt_active is true: */
164 static double ckpt_cached_elapsed;
165 
168 
169 /* Prototypes for private functions */
170 
171 static void CheckArchiveTimeout(void);
172 static bool IsCheckpointOnSchedule(double progress);
173 static bool ImmediateCheckpointRequested(void);
174 static bool CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue(void);
175 static void UpdateSharedMemoryConfig(void);
176 
177 /* Signal handlers */
178 
179 static void chkpt_quickdie(SIGNAL_ARGS);
180 static void ChkptSigHupHandler(SIGNAL_ARGS);
181 static void ReqCheckpointHandler(SIGNAL_ARGS);
183 static void ReqShutdownHandler(SIGNAL_ARGS);
184 
185 
186 /*
187  * Main entry point for checkpointer process
188  *
189  * This is invoked from AuxiliaryProcessMain, which has already created the
190  * basic execution environment, but not enabled signals yet.
191  */
192 void
194 {
195  sigjmp_buf local_sigjmp_buf;
196  MemoryContext checkpointer_context;
197 
198  CheckpointerShmem->checkpointer_pid = MyProcPid;
199 
200  /*
201  * Properly accept or ignore signals the postmaster might send us
202  *
203  * Note: we deliberately ignore SIGTERM, because during a standard Unix
204  * system shutdown cycle, init will SIGTERM all processes at once. We
205  * want to wait for the backends to exit, whereupon the postmaster will
206  * tell us it's okay to shut down (via SIGUSR2).
207  */
208  pqsignal(SIGHUP, ChkptSigHupHandler); /* set flag to read config file */
209  pqsignal(SIGINT, ReqCheckpointHandler); /* request checkpoint */
210  pqsignal(SIGTERM, SIG_IGN); /* ignore SIGTERM */
211  pqsignal(SIGQUIT, chkpt_quickdie); /* hard crash time */
215  pqsignal(SIGUSR2, ReqShutdownHandler); /* request shutdown */
216 
217  /*
218  * Reset some signals that are accepted by postmaster but not here
219  */
225 
226  /* We allow SIGQUIT (quickdie) at all times */
227  sigdelset(&BlockSig, SIGQUIT);
228 
229  /*
230  * Initialize so that first time-driven event happens at the correct time.
231  */
233 
234  /*
235  * Create a resource owner to keep track of our resources (currently only
236  * buffer pins).
237  */
238  CurrentResourceOwner = ResourceOwnerCreate(NULL, "Checkpointer");
239 
240  /*
241  * Create a memory context that we will do all our work in. We do this so
242  * that we can reset the context during error recovery and thereby avoid
243  * possible memory leaks. Formerly this code just ran in
244  * TopMemoryContext, but resetting that would be a really bad idea.
245  */
246  checkpointer_context = AllocSetContextCreate(TopMemoryContext,
247  "Checkpointer",
249  MemoryContextSwitchTo(checkpointer_context);
250 
251  /*
252  * If an exception is encountered, processing resumes here.
253  *
254  * See notes in postgres.c about the design of this coding.
255  */
256  if (sigsetjmp(local_sigjmp_buf, 1) != 0)
257  {
258  /* Since not using PG_TRY, must reset error stack by hand */
260 
261  /* Prevent interrupts while cleaning up */
262  HOLD_INTERRUPTS();
263 
264  /* Report the error to the server log */
265  EmitErrorReport();
266 
267  /*
268  * These operations are really just a minimal subset of
269  * AbortTransaction(). We don't have very many resources to worry
270  * about in checkpointer, but we do have LWLocks, buffers, and temp
271  * files.
272  */
276  AbortBufferIO();
277  UnlockBuffers();
278  /* buffer pins are released here: */
281  false, true);
282  /* we needn't bother with the other ResourceOwnerRelease phases */
283  AtEOXact_Buffers(false);
284  AtEOXact_SMgr();
285  AtEOXact_Files();
286  AtEOXact_HashTables(false);
287 
288  /* Warn any waiting backends that the checkpoint failed. */
289  if (ckpt_active)
290  {
291  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
292  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_failed++;
293  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_done = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started;
294  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
295 
296  ckpt_active = false;
297  }
298 
299  /*
300  * Now return to normal top-level context and clear ErrorContext for
301  * next time.
302  */
303  MemoryContextSwitchTo(checkpointer_context);
304  FlushErrorState();
305 
306  /* Flush any leaked data in the top-level context */
307  MemoryContextResetAndDeleteChildren(checkpointer_context);
308 
309  /* Now we can allow interrupts again */
311 
312  /*
313  * Sleep at least 1 second after any error. A write error is likely
314  * to be repeated, and we don't want to be filling the error logs as
315  * fast as we can.
316  */
317  pg_usleep(1000000L);
318 
319  /*
320  * Close all open files after any error. This is helpful on Windows,
321  * where holding deleted files open causes various strange errors.
322  * It's not clear we need it elsewhere, but shouldn't hurt.
323  */
324  smgrcloseall();
325  }
326 
327  /* We can now handle ereport(ERROR) */
328  PG_exception_stack = &local_sigjmp_buf;
329 
330  /*
331  * Unblock signals (they were blocked when the postmaster forked us)
332  */
334 
335  /*
336  * Ensure all shared memory values are set correctly for the config. Doing
337  * this here ensures no race conditions from other concurrent updaters.
338  */
340 
341  /*
342  * Advertise our latch that backends can use to wake us up while we're
343  * sleeping.
344  */
346 
347  /*
348  * Loop forever
349  */
350  for (;;)
351  {
352  bool do_checkpoint = false;
353  int flags = 0;
354  pg_time_t now;
355  int elapsed_secs;
356  int cur_timeout;
357  int rc;
358 
359  /* Clear any already-pending wakeups */
361 
362  /*
363  * Process any requests or signals received recently.
364  */
366 
367  if (got_SIGHUP)
368  {
369  got_SIGHUP = false;
371 
372  /*
373  * Checkpointer is the last process to shut down, so we ask it to
374  * hold the keys for a range of other tasks required most of which
375  * have nothing to do with checkpointing at all.
376  *
377  * For various reasons, some config values can change dynamically
378  * so the primary copy of them is held in shared memory to make
379  * sure all backends see the same value. We make Checkpointer
380  * responsible for updating the shared memory copy if the
381  * parameter setting changes because of SIGHUP.
382  */
384  }
386  {
387  checkpoint_requested = false;
388  do_checkpoint = true;
390  }
391  if (shutdown_requested)
392  {
393  /*
394  * From here on, elog(ERROR) should end with exit(1), not send
395  * control back to the sigsetjmp block above
396  */
397  ExitOnAnyError = true;
398  /* Close down the database */
399  ShutdownXLOG(0, 0);
400  /* Normal exit from the checkpointer is here */
401  proc_exit(0); /* done */
402  }
403 
404  /*
405  * Force a checkpoint if too much time has elapsed since the last one.
406  * Note that we count a timed checkpoint in stats only when this
407  * occurs without an external request, but we set the CAUSE_TIME flag
408  * bit even if there is also an external request.
409  */
410  now = (pg_time_t) time(NULL);
411  elapsed_secs = now - last_checkpoint_time;
412  if (elapsed_secs >= CheckPointTimeout)
413  {
414  if (!do_checkpoint)
416  do_checkpoint = true;
417  flags |= CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_TIME;
418  }
419 
420  /*
421  * Do a checkpoint if requested.
422  */
423  if (do_checkpoint)
424  {
425  bool ckpt_performed = false;
426  bool do_restartpoint;
427 
428  /*
429  * Check if we should perform a checkpoint or a restartpoint. As a
430  * side-effect, RecoveryInProgress() initializes TimeLineID if
431  * it's not set yet.
432  */
433  do_restartpoint = RecoveryInProgress();
434 
435  /*
436  * Atomically fetch the request flags to figure out what kind of a
437  * checkpoint we should perform, and increase the started-counter
438  * to acknowledge that we've started a new checkpoint.
439  */
440  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
441  flags |= CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_flags;
442  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_flags = 0;
443  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started++;
444  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
445 
446  /*
447  * The end-of-recovery checkpoint is a real checkpoint that's
448  * performed while we're still in recovery.
449  */
450  if (flags & CHECKPOINT_END_OF_RECOVERY)
451  do_restartpoint = false;
452 
453  /*
454  * We will warn if (a) too soon since last checkpoint (whatever
455  * caused it) and (b) somebody set the CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_XLOG flag
456  * since the last checkpoint start. Note in particular that this
457  * implementation will not generate warnings caused by
458  * CheckPointTimeout < CheckPointWarning.
459  */
460  if (!do_restartpoint &&
461  (flags & CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_XLOG) &&
462  elapsed_secs < CheckPointWarning)
463  ereport(LOG,
464  (errmsg_plural("checkpoints are occurring too frequently (%d second apart)",
465  "checkpoints are occurring too frequently (%d seconds apart)",
466  elapsed_secs,
467  elapsed_secs),
468  errhint("Consider increasing the configuration parameter \"max_wal_size\".")));
469 
470  /*
471  * Initialize checkpointer-private variables used during
472  * checkpoint.
473  */
474  ckpt_active = true;
475  if (do_restartpoint)
477  else
481 
482  /*
483  * Do the checkpoint.
484  */
485  if (!do_restartpoint)
486  {
487  CreateCheckPoint(flags);
488  ckpt_performed = true;
489  }
490  else
491  ckpt_performed = CreateRestartPoint(flags);
492 
493  /*
494  * After any checkpoint, close all smgr files. This is so we
495  * won't hang onto smgr references to deleted files indefinitely.
496  */
497  smgrcloseall();
498 
499  /*
500  * Indicate checkpoint completion to any waiting backends.
501  */
502  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
503  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_done = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started;
504  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
505 
506  if (ckpt_performed)
507  {
508  /*
509  * Note we record the checkpoint start time not end time as
510  * last_checkpoint_time. This is so that time-driven
511  * checkpoints happen at a predictable spacing.
512  */
513  last_checkpoint_time = now;
514  }
515  else
516  {
517  /*
518  * We were not able to perform the restartpoint (checkpoints
519  * throw an ERROR in case of error). Most likely because we
520  * have not received any new checkpoint WAL records since the
521  * last restartpoint. Try again in 15 s.
522  */
523  last_checkpoint_time = now - CheckPointTimeout + 15;
524  }
525 
526  ckpt_active = false;
527  }
528 
529  /* Check for archive_timeout and switch xlog files if necessary. */
531 
532  /*
533  * Send off activity statistics to the stats collector. (The reason
534  * why we re-use bgwriter-related code for this is that the bgwriter
535  * and checkpointer used to be just one process. It's probably not
536  * worth the trouble to split the stats support into two independent
537  * stats message types.)
538  */
540 
541  /*
542  * Sleep until we are signaled or it's time for another checkpoint or
543  * xlog file switch.
544  */
545  now = (pg_time_t) time(NULL);
546  elapsed_secs = now - last_checkpoint_time;
547  if (elapsed_secs >= CheckPointTimeout)
548  continue; /* no sleep for us ... */
549  cur_timeout = CheckPointTimeout - elapsed_secs;
551  {
552  elapsed_secs = now - last_xlog_switch_time;
553  if (elapsed_secs >= XLogArchiveTimeout)
554  continue; /* no sleep for us ... */
555  cur_timeout = Min(cur_timeout, XLogArchiveTimeout - elapsed_secs);
556  }
557 
558  rc = WaitLatch(MyLatch,
560  cur_timeout * 1000L /* convert to ms */ ,
562 
563  /*
564  * Emergency bailout if postmaster has died. This is to avoid the
565  * necessity for manual cleanup of all postmaster children.
566  */
567  if (rc & WL_POSTMASTER_DEATH)
568  exit(1);
569  }
570 }
571 
572 /*
573  * CheckArchiveTimeout -- check for archive_timeout and switch xlog files
574  *
575  * This will switch to a new WAL file and force an archive file write if
576  * meaningful activity is recorded in the current WAL file. This includes most
577  * writes, including just a single checkpoint record, but excludes WAL records
578  * that were inserted with the XLOG_MARK_UNIMPORTANT flag being set (like
579  * snapshots of running transactions). Such records, depending on
580  * configuration, occur on regular intervals and don't contain important
581  * information. This avoids generating archives with a few unimportant
582  * records.
583  */
584 static void
586 {
587  pg_time_t now;
588  pg_time_t last_time;
589  XLogRecPtr last_switch_lsn;
590 
592  return;
593 
594  now = (pg_time_t) time(NULL);
595 
596  /* First we do a quick check using possibly-stale local state. */
597  if ((int) (now - last_xlog_switch_time) < XLogArchiveTimeout)
598  return;
599 
600  /*
601  * Update local state ... note that last_xlog_switch_time is the last time
602  * a switch was performed *or requested*.
603  */
604  last_time = GetLastSegSwitchData(&last_switch_lsn);
605 
607 
608  /* Now we can do the real checks */
609  if ((int) (now - last_xlog_switch_time) >= XLogArchiveTimeout)
610  {
611  /*
612  * Switch segment only when "important" WAL has been logged since the
613  * last segment switch (last_switch_lsn points to end of segment
614  * switch occurred in).
615  */
616  if (GetLastImportantRecPtr() > last_switch_lsn)
617  {
618  XLogRecPtr switchpoint;
619 
620  /* mark switch as unimportant, avoids triggering checkpoints */
621  switchpoint = RequestXLogSwitch(true);
622 
623  /*
624  * If the returned pointer points exactly to a segment boundary,
625  * assume nothing happened.
626  */
627  if ((switchpoint % XLogSegSize) != 0)
628  elog(DEBUG1, "write-ahead log switch forced (archive_timeout=%d)",
630  }
631 
632  /*
633  * Update state in any case, so we don't retry constantly when the
634  * system is idle.
635  */
637  }
638 }
639 
640 /*
641  * Returns true if an immediate checkpoint request is pending. (Note that
642  * this does not check the *current* checkpoint's IMMEDIATE flag, but whether
643  * there is one pending behind it.)
644  */
645 static bool
647 {
649  {
651 
652  /*
653  * We don't need to acquire the ckpt_lck in this case because we're
654  * only looking at a single flag bit.
655  */
656  if (cps->ckpt_flags & CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE)
657  return true;
658  }
659  return false;
660 }
661 
662 /*
663  * CheckpointWriteDelay -- control rate of checkpoint
664  *
665  * This function is called after each page write performed by BufferSync().
666  * It is responsible for throttling BufferSync()'s write rate to hit
667  * checkpoint_completion_target.
668  *
669  * The checkpoint request flags should be passed in; currently the only one
670  * examined is CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE, which disables delays between writes.
671  *
672  * 'progress' is an estimate of how much of the work has been done, as a
673  * fraction between 0.0 meaning none, and 1.0 meaning all done.
674  */
675 void
676 CheckpointWriteDelay(int flags, double progress)
677 {
678  static int absorb_counter = WRITES_PER_ABSORB;
679 
680  /* Do nothing if checkpoint is being executed by non-checkpointer process */
681  if (!AmCheckpointerProcess())
682  return;
683 
684  /*
685  * Perform the usual duties and take a nap, unless we're behind schedule,
686  * in which case we just try to catch up as quickly as possible.
687  */
688  if (!(flags & CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE) &&
691  IsCheckpointOnSchedule(progress))
692  {
693  if (got_SIGHUP)
694  {
695  got_SIGHUP = false;
697  /* update shmem copies of config variables */
699  }
700 
702  absorb_counter = WRITES_PER_ABSORB;
703 
705 
706  /*
707  * Report interim activity statistics to the stats collector.
708  */
710 
711  /*
712  * This sleep used to be connected to bgwriter_delay, typically 200ms.
713  * That resulted in more frequent wakeups if not much work to do.
714  * Checkpointer and bgwriter are no longer related so take the Big
715  * Sleep.
716  */
717  pg_usleep(100000L);
718  }
719  else if (--absorb_counter <= 0)
720  {
721  /*
722  * Absorb pending fsync requests after each WRITES_PER_ABSORB write
723  * operations even when we don't sleep, to prevent overflow of the
724  * fsync request queue.
725  */
727  absorb_counter = WRITES_PER_ABSORB;
728  }
729 }
730 
731 /*
732  * IsCheckpointOnSchedule -- are we on schedule to finish this checkpoint
733  * (or restartpoint) in time?
734  *
735  * Compares the current progress against the time/segments elapsed since last
736  * checkpoint, and returns true if the progress we've made this far is greater
737  * than the elapsed time/segments.
738  */
739 static bool
741 {
742  XLogRecPtr recptr;
743  struct timeval now;
744  double elapsed_xlogs,
745  elapsed_time;
746 
748 
749  /* Scale progress according to checkpoint_completion_target. */
750  progress *= CheckPointCompletionTarget;
751 
752  /*
753  * Check against the cached value first. Only do the more expensive
754  * calculations once we reach the target previously calculated. Since
755  * neither time or WAL insert pointer moves backwards, a freshly
756  * calculated value can only be greater than or equal to the cached value.
757  */
758  if (progress < ckpt_cached_elapsed)
759  return false;
760 
761  /*
762  * Check progress against WAL segments written and CheckPointSegments.
763  *
764  * We compare the current WAL insert location against the location
765  * computed before calling CreateCheckPoint. The code in XLogInsert that
766  * actually triggers a checkpoint when CheckPointSegments is exceeded
767  * compares against RedoRecptr, so this is not completely accurate.
768  * However, it's good enough for our purposes, we're only calculating an
769  * estimate anyway.
770  *
771  * During recovery, we compare last replayed WAL record's location with
772  * the location computed before calling CreateRestartPoint. That maintains
773  * the same pacing as we have during checkpoints in normal operation, but
774  * we might exceed max_wal_size by a fair amount. That's because there can
775  * be a large gap between a checkpoint's redo-pointer and the checkpoint
776  * record itself, and we only start the restartpoint after we've seen the
777  * checkpoint record. (The gap is typically up to CheckPointSegments *
778  * checkpoint_completion_target where checkpoint_completion_target is the
779  * value that was in effect when the WAL was generated).
780  */
781  if (RecoveryInProgress())
782  recptr = GetXLogReplayRecPtr(NULL);
783  else
784  recptr = GetInsertRecPtr();
785  elapsed_xlogs = (((double) (recptr - ckpt_start_recptr)) / XLogSegSize) / CheckPointSegments;
786 
787  if (progress < elapsed_xlogs)
788  {
789  ckpt_cached_elapsed = elapsed_xlogs;
790  return false;
791  }
792 
793  /*
794  * Check progress against time elapsed and checkpoint_timeout.
795  */
796  gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
797  elapsed_time = ((double) ((pg_time_t) now.tv_sec - ckpt_start_time) +
798  now.tv_usec / 1000000.0) / CheckPointTimeout;
799 
800  if (progress < elapsed_time)
801  {
803  return false;
804  }
805 
806  /* It looks like we're on schedule. */
807  return true;
808 }
809 
810 
811 /* --------------------------------
812  * signal handler routines
813  * --------------------------------
814  */
815 
816 /*
817  * chkpt_quickdie() occurs when signalled SIGQUIT by the postmaster.
818  *
819  * Some backend has bought the farm,
820  * so we need to stop what we're doing and exit.
821  */
822 static void
824 {
826 
827  /*
828  * We DO NOT want to run proc_exit() callbacks -- we're here because
829  * shared memory may be corrupted, so we don't want to try to clean up our
830  * transaction. Just nail the windows shut and get out of town. Now that
831  * there's an atexit callback to prevent third-party code from breaking
832  * things by calling exit() directly, we have to reset the callbacks
833  * explicitly to make this work as intended.
834  */
835  on_exit_reset();
836 
837  /*
838  * Note we do exit(2) not exit(0). This is to force the postmaster into a
839  * system reset cycle if some idiot DBA sends a manual SIGQUIT to a random
840  * backend. This is necessary precisely because we don't clean up our
841  * shared memory state. (The "dead man switch" mechanism in pmsignal.c
842  * should ensure the postmaster sees this as a crash, too, but no harm in
843  * being doubly sure.)
844  */
845  exit(2);
846 }
847 
848 /* SIGHUP: set flag to re-read config file at next convenient time */
849 static void
851 {
852  int save_errno = errno;
853 
854  got_SIGHUP = true;
855  SetLatch(MyLatch);
856 
857  errno = save_errno;
858 }
859 
860 /* SIGINT: set flag to run a normal checkpoint right away */
861 static void
863 {
864  int save_errno = errno;
865 
866  checkpoint_requested = true;
867  SetLatch(MyLatch);
868 
869  errno = save_errno;
870 }
871 
872 /* SIGUSR1: used for latch wakeups */
873 static void
875 {
876  int save_errno = errno;
877 
879 
880  errno = save_errno;
881 }
882 
883 /* SIGUSR2: set flag to run a shutdown checkpoint and exit */
884 static void
886 {
887  int save_errno = errno;
888 
889  shutdown_requested = true;
890  SetLatch(MyLatch);
891 
892  errno = save_errno;
893 }
894 
895 
896 /* --------------------------------
897  * communication with backends
898  * --------------------------------
899  */
900 
901 /*
902  * CheckpointerShmemSize
903  * Compute space needed for checkpointer-related shared memory
904  */
905 Size
907 {
908  Size size;
909 
910  /*
911  * Currently, the size of the requests[] array is arbitrarily set equal to
912  * NBuffers. This may prove too large or small ...
913  */
914  size = offsetof(CheckpointerShmemStruct, requests);
915  size = add_size(size, mul_size(NBuffers, sizeof(CheckpointerRequest)));
916 
917  return size;
918 }
919 
920 /*
921  * CheckpointerShmemInit
922  * Allocate and initialize checkpointer-related shared memory
923  */
924 void
926 {
927  Size size = CheckpointerShmemSize();
928  bool found;
929 
930  CheckpointerShmem = (CheckpointerShmemStruct *)
931  ShmemInitStruct("Checkpointer Data",
932  size,
933  &found);
934 
935  if (!found)
936  {
937  /*
938  * First time through, so initialize. Note that we zero the whole
939  * requests array; this is so that CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue can
940  * assume that any pad bytes in the request structs are zeroes.
941  */
942  MemSet(CheckpointerShmem, 0, size);
943  SpinLockInit(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
944  CheckpointerShmem->max_requests = NBuffers;
945  }
946 }
947 
948 /*
949  * RequestCheckpoint
950  * Called in backend processes to request a checkpoint
951  *
952  * flags is a bitwise OR of the following:
953  * CHECKPOINT_IS_SHUTDOWN: checkpoint is for database shutdown.
954  * CHECKPOINT_END_OF_RECOVERY: checkpoint is for end of WAL recovery.
955  * CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE: finish the checkpoint ASAP,
956  * ignoring checkpoint_completion_target parameter.
957  * CHECKPOINT_FORCE: force a checkpoint even if no XLOG activity has occurred
958  * since the last one (implied by CHECKPOINT_IS_SHUTDOWN or
959  * CHECKPOINT_END_OF_RECOVERY).
960  * CHECKPOINT_WAIT: wait for completion before returning (otherwise,
961  * just signal checkpointer to do it, and return).
962  * CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_XLOG: checkpoint is requested due to xlog filling.
963  * (This affects logging, and in particular enables CheckPointWarning.)
964  */
965 void
967 {
968  int ntries;
969  int old_failed,
970  old_started;
971 
972  /*
973  * If in a standalone backend, just do it ourselves.
974  */
976  {
977  /*
978  * There's no point in doing slow checkpoints in a standalone backend,
979  * because there's no other backends the checkpoint could disrupt.
980  */
982 
983  /*
984  * After any checkpoint, close all smgr files. This is so we won't
985  * hang onto smgr references to deleted files indefinitely.
986  */
987  smgrcloseall();
988 
989  return;
990  }
991 
992  /*
993  * Atomically set the request flags, and take a snapshot of the counters.
994  * When we see ckpt_started > old_started, we know the flags we set here
995  * have been seen by checkpointer.
996  *
997  * Note that we OR the flags with any existing flags, to avoid overriding
998  * a "stronger" request by another backend. The flag senses must be
999  * chosen to make this work!
1000  */
1001  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
1002 
1003  old_failed = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_failed;
1004  old_started = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started;
1005  CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_flags |= flags;
1006 
1007  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
1008 
1009  /*
1010  * Send signal to request checkpoint. It's possible that the checkpointer
1011  * hasn't started yet, or is in process of restarting, so we will retry a
1012  * few times if needed. Also, if not told to wait for the checkpoint to
1013  * occur, we consider failure to send the signal to be nonfatal and merely
1014  * LOG it.
1015  */
1016  for (ntries = 0;; ntries++)
1017  {
1018  if (CheckpointerShmem->checkpointer_pid == 0)
1019  {
1020  if (ntries >= 20) /* max wait 2.0 sec */
1021  {
1022  elog((flags & CHECKPOINT_WAIT) ? ERROR : LOG,
1023  "could not request checkpoint because checkpointer not running");
1024  break;
1025  }
1026  }
1027  else if (kill(CheckpointerShmem->checkpointer_pid, SIGINT) != 0)
1028  {
1029  if (ntries >= 20) /* max wait 2.0 sec */
1030  {
1031  elog((flags & CHECKPOINT_WAIT) ? ERROR : LOG,
1032  "could not signal for checkpoint: %m");
1033  break;
1034  }
1035  }
1036  else
1037  break; /* signal sent successfully */
1038 
1040  pg_usleep(100000L); /* wait 0.1 sec, then retry */
1041  }
1042 
1043  /*
1044  * If requested, wait for completion. We detect completion according to
1045  * the algorithm given above.
1046  */
1047  if (flags & CHECKPOINT_WAIT)
1048  {
1049  int new_started,
1050  new_failed;
1051 
1052  /* Wait for a new checkpoint to start. */
1053  for (;;)
1054  {
1055  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
1056  new_started = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_started;
1057  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
1058 
1059  if (new_started != old_started)
1060  break;
1061 
1063  pg_usleep(100000L);
1064  }
1065 
1066  /*
1067  * We are waiting for ckpt_done >= new_started, in a modulo sense.
1068  */
1069  for (;;)
1070  {
1071  int new_done;
1072 
1073  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
1074  new_done = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_done;
1075  new_failed = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_failed;
1076  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
1077 
1078  if (new_done - new_started >= 0)
1079  break;
1080 
1082  pg_usleep(100000L);
1083  }
1084 
1085  if (new_failed != old_failed)
1086  ereport(ERROR,
1087  (errmsg("checkpoint request failed"),
1088  errhint("Consult recent messages in the server log for details.")));
1089  }
1090 }
1091 
1092 /*
1093  * ForwardFsyncRequest
1094  * Forward a file-fsync request from a backend to the checkpointer
1095  *
1096  * Whenever a backend is compelled to write directly to a relation
1097  * (which should be seldom, if the background writer is getting its job done),
1098  * the backend calls this routine to pass over knowledge that the relation
1099  * is dirty and must be fsync'd before next checkpoint. We also use this
1100  * opportunity to count such writes for statistical purposes.
1101  *
1102  * This functionality is only supported for regular (not backend-local)
1103  * relations, so the rnode argument is intentionally RelFileNode not
1104  * RelFileNodeBackend.
1105  *
1106  * segno specifies which segment (not block!) of the relation needs to be
1107  * fsync'd. (Since the valid range is much less than BlockNumber, we can
1108  * use high values for special flags; that's all internal to md.c, which
1109  * see for details.)
1110  *
1111  * To avoid holding the lock for longer than necessary, we normally write
1112  * to the requests[] queue without checking for duplicates. The checkpointer
1113  * will have to eliminate dups internally anyway. However, if we discover
1114  * that the queue is full, we make a pass over the entire queue to compact
1115  * it. This is somewhat expensive, but the alternative is for the backend
1116  * to perform its own fsync, which is far more expensive in practice. It
1117  * is theoretically possible a backend fsync might still be necessary, if
1118  * the queue is full and contains no duplicate entries. In that case, we
1119  * let the backend know by returning false.
1120  */
1121 bool
1123 {
1124  CheckpointerRequest *request;
1125  bool too_full;
1126 
1127  if (!IsUnderPostmaster)
1128  return false; /* probably shouldn't even get here */
1129 
1130  if (AmCheckpointerProcess())
1131  elog(ERROR, "ForwardFsyncRequest must not be called in checkpointer");
1132 
1133  LWLockAcquire(CheckpointerCommLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);
1134 
1135  /* Count all backend writes regardless of if they fit in the queue */
1137  CheckpointerShmem->num_backend_writes++;
1138 
1139  /*
1140  * If the checkpointer isn't running or the request queue is full, the
1141  * backend will have to perform its own fsync request. But before forcing
1142  * that to happen, we can try to compact the request queue.
1143  */
1144  if (CheckpointerShmem->checkpointer_pid == 0 ||
1145  (CheckpointerShmem->num_requests >= CheckpointerShmem->max_requests &&
1147  {
1148  /*
1149  * Count the subset of writes where backends have to do their own
1150  * fsync
1151  */
1153  CheckpointerShmem->num_backend_fsync++;
1154  LWLockRelease(CheckpointerCommLock);
1155  return false;
1156  }
1157 
1158  /* OK, insert request */
1159  request = &CheckpointerShmem->requests[CheckpointerShmem->num_requests++];
1160  request->rnode = rnode;
1161  request->forknum = forknum;
1162  request->segno = segno;
1163 
1164  /* If queue is more than half full, nudge the checkpointer to empty it */
1165  too_full = (CheckpointerShmem->num_requests >=
1166  CheckpointerShmem->max_requests / 2);
1167 
1168  LWLockRelease(CheckpointerCommLock);
1169 
1170  /* ... but not till after we release the lock */
1171  if (too_full && ProcGlobal->checkpointerLatch)
1173 
1174  return true;
1175 }
1176 
1177 /*
1178  * CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue
1179  * Remove duplicates from the request queue to avoid backend fsyncs.
1180  * Returns "true" if any entries were removed.
1181  *
1182  * Although a full fsync request queue is not common, it can lead to severe
1183  * performance problems when it does happen. So far, this situation has
1184  * only been observed to occur when the system is under heavy write load,
1185  * and especially during the "sync" phase of a checkpoint. Without this
1186  * logic, each backend begins doing an fsync for every block written, which
1187  * gets very expensive and can slow down the whole system.
1188  *
1189  * Trying to do this every time the queue is full could lose if there
1190  * aren't any removable entries. But that should be vanishingly rare in
1191  * practice: there's one queue entry per shared buffer.
1192  */
1193 static bool
1195 {
1196  struct CheckpointerSlotMapping
1197  {
1198  CheckpointerRequest request;
1199  int slot;
1200  };
1201 
1202  int n,
1203  preserve_count;
1204  int num_skipped = 0;
1205  HASHCTL ctl;
1206  HTAB *htab;
1207  bool *skip_slot;
1208 
1209  /* must hold CheckpointerCommLock in exclusive mode */
1210  Assert(LWLockHeldByMe(CheckpointerCommLock));
1211 
1212  /* Initialize skip_slot array */
1213  skip_slot = palloc0(sizeof(bool) * CheckpointerShmem->num_requests);
1214 
1215  /* Initialize temporary hash table */
1216  MemSet(&ctl, 0, sizeof(ctl));
1217  ctl.keysize = sizeof(CheckpointerRequest);
1218  ctl.entrysize = sizeof(struct CheckpointerSlotMapping);
1219  ctl.hcxt = CurrentMemoryContext;
1220 
1221  htab = hash_create("CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue",
1222  CheckpointerShmem->num_requests,
1223  &ctl,
1225 
1226  /*
1227  * The basic idea here is that a request can be skipped if it's followed
1228  * by a later, identical request. It might seem more sensible to work
1229  * backwards from the end of the queue and check whether a request is
1230  * *preceded* by an earlier, identical request, in the hopes of doing less
1231  * copying. But that might change the semantics, if there's an
1232  * intervening FORGET_RELATION_FSYNC or FORGET_DATABASE_FSYNC request, so
1233  * we do it this way. It would be possible to be even smarter if we made
1234  * the code below understand the specific semantics of such requests (it
1235  * could blow away preceding entries that would end up being canceled
1236  * anyhow), but it's not clear that the extra complexity would buy us
1237  * anything.
1238  */
1239  for (n = 0; n < CheckpointerShmem->num_requests; n++)
1240  {
1241  CheckpointerRequest *request;
1242  struct CheckpointerSlotMapping *slotmap;
1243  bool found;
1244 
1245  /*
1246  * We use the request struct directly as a hashtable key. This
1247  * assumes that any padding bytes in the structs are consistently the
1248  * same, which should be okay because we zeroed them in
1249  * CheckpointerShmemInit. Note also that RelFileNode had better
1250  * contain no pad bytes.
1251  */
1252  request = &CheckpointerShmem->requests[n];
1253  slotmap = hash_search(htab, request, HASH_ENTER, &found);
1254  if (found)
1255  {
1256  /* Duplicate, so mark the previous occurrence as skippable */
1257  skip_slot[slotmap->slot] = true;
1258  num_skipped++;
1259  }
1260  /* Remember slot containing latest occurrence of this request value */
1261  slotmap->slot = n;
1262  }
1263 
1264  /* Done with the hash table. */
1265  hash_destroy(htab);
1266 
1267  /* If no duplicates, we're out of luck. */
1268  if (!num_skipped)
1269  {
1270  pfree(skip_slot);
1271  return false;
1272  }
1273 
1274  /* We found some duplicates; remove them. */
1275  preserve_count = 0;
1276  for (n = 0; n < CheckpointerShmem->num_requests; n++)
1277  {
1278  if (skip_slot[n])
1279  continue;
1280  CheckpointerShmem->requests[preserve_count++] = CheckpointerShmem->requests[n];
1281  }
1282  ereport(DEBUG1,
1283  (errmsg("compacted fsync request queue from %d entries to %d entries",
1284  CheckpointerShmem->num_requests, preserve_count)));
1285  CheckpointerShmem->num_requests = preserve_count;
1286 
1287  /* Cleanup. */
1288  pfree(skip_slot);
1289  return true;
1290 }
1291 
1292 /*
1293  * AbsorbFsyncRequests
1294  * Retrieve queued fsync requests and pass them to local smgr.
1295  *
1296  * This is exported because it must be called during CreateCheckPoint;
1297  * we have to be sure we have accepted all pending requests just before
1298  * we start fsync'ing. Since CreateCheckPoint sometimes runs in
1299  * non-checkpointer processes, do nothing if not checkpointer.
1300  */
1301 void
1303 {
1304  CheckpointerRequest *requests = NULL;
1305  CheckpointerRequest *request;
1306  int n;
1307 
1308  if (!AmCheckpointerProcess())
1309  return;
1310 
1311  LWLockAcquire(CheckpointerCommLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);
1312 
1313  /* Transfer stats counts into pending pgstats message */
1315  BgWriterStats.m_buf_fsync_backend += CheckpointerShmem->num_backend_fsync;
1316 
1317  CheckpointerShmem->num_backend_writes = 0;
1318  CheckpointerShmem->num_backend_fsync = 0;
1319 
1320  /*
1321  * We try to avoid holding the lock for a long time by copying the request
1322  * array, and processing the requests after releasing the lock.
1323  *
1324  * Once we have cleared the requests from shared memory, we have to PANIC
1325  * if we then fail to absorb them (eg, because our hashtable runs out of
1326  * memory). This is because the system cannot run safely if we are unable
1327  * to fsync what we have been told to fsync. Fortunately, the hashtable
1328  * is so small that the problem is quite unlikely to arise in practice.
1329  */
1330  n = CheckpointerShmem->num_requests;
1331  if (n > 0)
1332  {
1333  requests = (CheckpointerRequest *) palloc(n * sizeof(CheckpointerRequest));
1334  memcpy(requests, CheckpointerShmem->requests, n * sizeof(CheckpointerRequest));
1335  }
1336 
1338 
1339  CheckpointerShmem->num_requests = 0;
1340 
1341  LWLockRelease(CheckpointerCommLock);
1342 
1343  for (request = requests; n > 0; request++, n--)
1344  RememberFsyncRequest(request->rnode, request->forknum, request->segno);
1345 
1346  END_CRIT_SECTION();
1347 
1348  if (requests)
1349  pfree(requests);
1350 }
1351 
1352 /*
1353  * Update any shared memory configurations based on config parameters
1354  */
1355 static void
1357 {
1358  /* update global shmem state for sync rep */
1360 
1361  /*
1362  * If full_page_writes has been changed by SIGHUP, we update it in shared
1363  * memory and write an XLOG_FPW_CHANGE record.
1364  */
1366 
1367  elog(DEBUG2, "checkpointer updated shared memory configuration values");
1368 }
1369 
1370 /*
1371  * FirstCallSinceLastCheckpoint allows a process to take an action once
1372  * per checkpoint cycle by asynchronously checking for checkpoint completion.
1373  */
1374 bool
1376 {
1377  static int ckpt_done = 0;
1378  int new_done;
1379  bool FirstCall = false;
1380 
1381  SpinLockAcquire(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
1382  new_done = CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_done;
1383  SpinLockRelease(&CheckpointerShmem->ckpt_lck);
1384 
1385  if (new_done != ckpt_done)
1386  FirstCall = true;
1387 
1388  ckpt_done = new_done;
1389 
1390  return FirstCall;
1391 }
XLogRecPtr GetLastImportantRecPtr(void)
Definition: xlog.c:8245
void RememberFsyncRequest(RelFileNode rnode, ForkNumber forknum, BlockNumber segno)
Definition: md.c:1514
int slock_t
Definition: s_lock.h:888
PgStat_Counter m_buf_fsync_backend
Definition: pgstat.h:419
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Definition: syncrep.c:1064
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Definition: xlog_internal.h:92
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Definition: globals.c:100
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Definition: checkpointer.c:676
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Definition: win32.h:202
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Definition: gettimeofday.c:105
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Definition: xlog.c:9411
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Definition: hsearch.h:93
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Definition: lwlock.c:1831
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Definition: elog.c:850
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Definition: xlog.c:8533
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Definition: proc.c:67
PgStat_Counter m_timed_checkpoints
Definition: pgstat.h:413
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Definition: bufmgr.c:2415
ResourceOwner CurrentResourceOwner
Definition: resowner.c:138
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Definition: spin.h:60
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Definition: c.h:807
#define END_CRIT_SECTION()
Definition: miscadmin.h:133
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Definition: xlog.c:9080
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Definition: win32.h:199
static MemoryContext MemoryContextSwitchTo(MemoryContext context)
Definition: palloc.h:109
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Definition: checkpointer.c:925
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Definition: pgstat.c:143
Size entrysize
Definition: hsearch.h:73
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Definition: checkpointer.c:146
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Definition: checkpointer.c:134
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PROC_HDR * ProcGlobal
Definition: proc.c:80
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Definition: latch.c:497
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Definition: smgr.c:326
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#define SpinLockAcquire(lock)
Definition: spin.h:62
static bool ImmediateCheckpointRequested(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:646
void pg_usleep(long microsec)
Definition: signal.c:53
Definition: dynahash.c:208
void AtEOXact_SMgr(void)
Definition: smgr.c:798
int WaitLatch(volatile Latch *latch, int wakeEvents, long timeout, uint32 wait_event_info)
Definition: latch.c:336
void pfree(void *pointer)
Definition: mcxt.c:950
#define SIG_IGN
Definition: win32.h:185
void ConditionVariableCancelSleep(void)
#define AmBackgroundWriterProcess()
Definition: miscadmin.h:407
#define ERROR
Definition: elog.h:43
void on_exit_reset(void)
Definition: ipc.c:396
#define AmCheckpointerProcess()
Definition: miscadmin.h:408
void * ShmemInitStruct(const char *name, Size size, bool *foundPtr)
Definition: shmem.c:372
void AtEOXact_Files(void)
Definition: fd.c:2617
static bool CompactCheckpointerRequestQueue(void)
XLogRecPtr GetXLogReplayRecPtr(TimeLineID *replayTLI)
Definition: xlog.c:11098
#define ALLOCSET_DEFAULT_SIZES
Definition: memutils.h:165
#define DEBUG2
Definition: elog.h:24
static void ChkptSigHupHandler(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: checkpointer.c:850
bool IsUnderPostmaster
Definition: globals.c:101
int CheckPointTimeout
Definition: checkpointer.c:145
#define CHECKPOINT_END_OF_RECOVERY
Definition: xlog.h:176
unsigned int uint32
Definition: c.h:268
sigset_t UnBlockSig
Definition: pqsignal.c:22
static void pgstat_report_wait_end(void)
Definition: pgstat.h:1235
MemoryContext CurrentMemoryContext
Definition: mcxt.c:37
#define ereport(elevel, rest)
Definition: elog.h:122
MemoryContext TopMemoryContext
Definition: mcxt.c:43
ForkNumber
Definition: relpath.h:24
Definition: guc.h:72
int CheckPointSegments
Definition: xlog.c:124
static CheckpointerShmemStruct * CheckpointerShmem
Definition: checkpointer.c:137
void ShutdownXLOG(int code, Datum arg)
Definition: xlog.c:8326
void UnlockBuffers(void)
Definition: bufmgr.c:3518
int progress
Definition: pgbench.c:172
#define MemoryContextResetAndDeleteChildren(ctx)
Definition: memutils.h:67
#define SpinLockRelease(lock)
Definition: spin.h:64
#define HASH_BLOBS
Definition: hsearch.h:88
bool ExitOnAnyError
Definition: globals.c:105
static void UpdateSharedMemoryConfig(void)
Size mul_size(Size s1, Size s2)
Definition: shmem.c:492
sigset_t BlockSig
Definition: pqsignal.c:22
#define WL_POSTMASTER_DEATH
Definition: latch.h:128
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Definition: xlog.c:9510
MemoryContext AllocSetContextCreate(MemoryContext parent, const char *name, Size minContextSize, Size initBlockSize, Size maxBlockSize)
Definition: aset.c:322
void * palloc0(Size size)
Definition: mcxt.c:878
bool FirstCallSinceLastCheckpoint(void)
HTAB * hash_create(const char *tabname, long nelem, HASHCTL *info, int flags)
Definition: dynahash.c:316
Size add_size(Size s1, Size s2)
Definition: shmem.c:475
#define WRITES_PER_ABSORB
Definition: checkpointer.c:140
static void chkpt_quickdie(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: checkpointer.c:823
Size keysize
Definition: hsearch.h:72
Size CheckpointerShmemSize(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:906
void EmitErrorReport(void)
Definition: elog.c:1446
static pg_time_t last_xlog_switch_time
Definition: checkpointer.c:167
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Definition: pgstat.c:4151
#define SIGPIPE
Definition: win32.h:193
#define SIGHUP
Definition: win32.h:188
void CheckpointerMain(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:193
#define SIG_DFL
Definition: win32.h:183
static bool ckpt_active
Definition: checkpointer.c:159
static pg_time_t ckpt_start_time
Definition: checkpointer.c:162
static volatile sig_atomic_t got_SIGHUP
Definition: checkpointer.c:152
pqsigfunc pqsignal(int signum, pqsigfunc handler)
Definition: signal.c:168
static XLogRecPtr ckpt_start_recptr
Definition: checkpointer.c:163
#define CHECKPOINT_WAIT
Definition: xlog.h:183
Latch * checkpointerLatch
Definition: proc.h:248
#define Max(x, y)
Definition: c.h:801
void SetLatch(volatile Latch *latch)
Definition: latch.c:414
#define SIGNAL_ARGS
Definition: c.h:1080
#define NULL
Definition: c.h:229
uint64 XLogRecPtr
Definition: xlogdefs.h:21
#define Assert(condition)
Definition: c.h:676
void ResourceOwnerRelease(ResourceOwner owner, ResourceReleasePhase phase, bool isCommit, bool isTopLevel)
Definition: resowner.c:471
PgStat_Counter m_buf_written_backend
Definition: pgstat.h:418
static void ReqShutdownHandler(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: checkpointer.c:885
size_t Size
Definition: c.h:356
bool LWLockAcquire(LWLock *lock, LWLockMode mode)
Definition: lwlock.c:1111
void AbortBufferIO(void)
Definition: bufmgr.c:3974
static double elapsed_time(instr_time *starttime)
Definition: explain.c:782
sigjmp_buf * PG_exception_stack
Definition: elog.c:90
static volatile sig_atomic_t checkpoint_requested
Definition: checkpointer.c:153
#define SIGTTOU
Definition: win32.h:200
void * palloc(Size size)
Definition: mcxt.c:849
int errmsg(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: elog.c:797
static double ckpt_cached_elapsed
Definition: checkpointer.c:164
static void CheckArchiveTimeout(void)
Definition: checkpointer.c:585
#define HOLD_INTERRUPTS()
Definition: miscadmin.h:115
#define CHECKPOINT_CAUSE_TIME
Definition: xlog.h:186
#define CHECKPOINT_IMMEDIATE
Definition: xlog.h:178
int NBuffers
Definition: globals.c:123
struct Latch * MyLatch
Definition: globals.c:52
#define CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPTS()
Definition: miscadmin.h:98
#define elog
Definition: elog.h:219
void LWLockReleaseAll(void)
Definition: lwlock.c:1814
void latch_sigusr1_handler(void)
Definition: latch.c:1473
void AbsorbFsyncRequests(void)
void AtEOXact_HashTables(bool isCommit)
Definition: dynahash.c:1830
#define SIGCHLD
Definition: win32.h:198
static void chkpt_sigusr1_handler(SIGNAL_ARGS)
Definition: checkpointer.c:874
static pg_time_t last_checkpoint_time
Definition: checkpointer.c:166
#define WL_LATCH_SET
Definition: latch.h:124
#define SIGALRM
Definition: win32.h:194
Datum now(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
Definition: timestamp.c:1534
#define SIGUSR2
Definition: win32.h:203
static volatile sig_atomic_t shutdown_requested
Definition: checkpointer.c:154
#define offsetof(type, field)
Definition: c.h:555
void RequestCheckpoint(int flags)
Definition: checkpointer.c:966
double CheckPointCompletionTarget
Definition: checkpointer.c:147
ResourceOwner ResourceOwnerCreate(ResourceOwner parent, const char *name)
Definition: resowner.c:416